Muscle strength and body composition in severe obesity

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dc.contributor Sistema FMUSP-HC: Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (FMUSP) e Hospital das Clínicas da FMUSP GADDUCCI, Alexandre Vieira FMUSP-HC
CLEVA, Roberto de FMUSP-HC
SANTAREM, Gabriela Correia de Faria FMUSP-HC
SILVA, Paulo Roberto Santos FMUSP-HC
GREVE, Julia Maria D'Andrea FMUSP-HC
SANTO, Marco Aurelio FMUSP-HC 2017
dc.identifier.citation CLINICS, v.72, n.5, p.272-275, 2017
dc.identifier.issn 1807-5932
dc.description.abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to evaluate associations between maximum voluntary contraction torques of the lower limbs and body composition for subjects with severe obesity. METHODS: Body composition was evaluated by bioelectrical impedance analysis, and maximum voluntary contraction torques of the lower limbs were measured using an isokinetic dynamometer. One hundred thirty-two patients were enrolled (100 females and 32 males). Eighty-seven patients had a body mass index between 40 and 49.9 kg/m(2) (the A group), and 45 patients had a body mass index between 50 and 59.9 kg/m(2) (the B group). RESULTS: Absolute extension and flexion torques had weak associations with fat-free mass but a moderate association with absolute extension torque and fat-free mass of the lower limbs. There were no significant differences between the A and B groups with respect to absolute extension and flexion torques. For the A group, absolute extension and flexion torques were moderately associated with fat-free mass and with fat-free mass of the lower limbs. For the B group, there were only moderate associations between absolute extension and flexion torques with fat-free mass of the lower limbs. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate that both groups exhibited similar absolute torque values. There were weak to moderate associations between absolute extension and flexion torques and fat-free mass but a moderate association with fat-free mass of the lower limbs. Individuals with severe obesity should strive for greater absolute torques, fat-free mass and especially fat-free mass of the lower limbs to prevent functional limitations and physical incapacity.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Clinics
dc.rights openAccess
dc.subject Obesity; Body Composition; Muscle Strength
dc.subject.other weight-loss; knee osteoarthritis; women; fatigue; walking; tissue; adults; force; older; size
dc.title Muscle strength and body composition in severe obesity
dc.type article
dc.rights.holder Copyright HOSPITAL CLINICAS, UNIV SAO PAULO LIM/35 LIM/41
dc.identifier.doi 10.6061/clinics/2017(05)03
dc.identifier.pmid 28591338
dc.type.category original article
dc.type.version publishedVersion GADDUCCI, Alexandre Vieira:FM: CLEVA, Roberto de:HC:ICHC SANTAREM, Gabriela Correia de Faria:FM: SILVA, Paulo Roberto Santos:HC:IOT GREVE, Julia Maria D'Andrea:FM:MOT SANTO, Marco Aurelio:FM:MGT WOS:000403263700003 2-s2.0-85020461931 SCIELO:S1807-59322017000500272 SAO PAULO BRAZIL
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dc.description.index MEDLINE
dc.identifier.eissn 1980-5322
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