Lean mass explains the association between muscular fitness and bone outcomes in 13-year-old boys

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dc.contributor Sistema FMUSP-HC: Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (FMUSP) e Hospital das Clínicas da FMUSP
dc.contributor.author UBAGO-GUISADO, Esther
VLACHOPOULOS, Dimitris
MORAES, Augusto Cesar Ferreira de FMUSP-HC
TORRES-COSTOSO, Ana
WILKINSON, Kelly
METCALF, Brad
SANCHEZ-SANCHEZ, Javier
GALLARDO, Leonor
GRACIA-MARCO, Luis
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.citation ACTA PAEDIATRICA, v.106, n.10, p.1658-1665, 2017
dc.identifier.issn 0803-5253
dc.identifier.uri http://observatorio.fm.usp.br/handle/OPI/22036
dc.description.abstract Aim: This study investigated the associations between fitness indices and bone outcomes in young males. Methods: Data were collected between autumn and winter 2014-2015 on 121 males with a mean age of 13.1 +/- 0.1 years: 41 swimmers, 37 footballers, 29 cyclists and 14 nonathletes. Participants were recruited from athletic clubs and schools across South West England. Lean mass, areal bone mineral density and hip structural estimates were measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The relationships between bone outcomes and the vertical jump, standing long jump and the 20-m shuttle run test were analysed using three regression models: model 1 was adjusted by age and stature, model 2 added vigorous physical activity and model 3 then added lean mass. Results: The boys' performance in the vertical jump and standing long jump was positively associated with the majority of bone outcomes in models 1 and 2, but most of these disappeared in model 3. The 20-m shuttle run test was positively associated with most bone outcomes in all three models. Lean mass played a key role in the association between muscular fitness and bone outcomes. Conclusion: Vigorous physical activity did not explain the associations between fitness and bone outcomes, but lean mass did.
dc.description.sponsorship · European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) [PCIG13-GA-2013-618496]
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher WILEY
dc.relation.ispartof Acta Paediatrica
dc.rights restrictedAccess
dc.subject Body composition; Bone health; Cardiorespiratory fitness; Lean mass; Physical activity
dc.subject.other physical-activity intensity; habitual levels; growth spurt; children; adolescents; strength; geometry; health; girls; moderate
dc.title Lean mass explains the association between muscular fitness and bone outcomes in 13-year-old boys
dc.type article
dc.rights.holder Copyright WILEY
dc.description.group LIM/38
dc.identifier.doi 10.1111/apa.13972
dc.identifier.pmid 28672065
dc.type.category original article
dc.type.version publishedVersion
hcfmusp.author MORAES, Augusto Cesar Ferreira de:FM:
hcfmusp.author.external · UBAGO-GUISADO, Esther:Univ Castilla La Mancha, IGOID Res Grp, Toledo, Spain; Univ Exeter, Childrens Hlth & Exercise Res Ctr, Sport & Hlth Sci, St Lukes Campus, Exeter EX1 2LU, Devon, England
· VLACHOPOULOS, Dimitris:Univ Exeter, Childrens Hlth & Exercise Res Ctr, Sport & Hlth Sci, St Lukes Campus, Exeter EX1 2LU, Devon, England
· TORRES-COSTOSO, Ana:Univ Castilla La Mancha, Sch Nursing & Physiotherapy, Toledo, Spain
· WILKINSON, Kelly:Univ Exeter, Childrens Hlth & Exercise Res Ctr, Sport & Hlth Sci, St Lukes Campus, Exeter EX1 2LU, Devon, England
· METCALF, Brad:Univ Exeter, Childrens Hlth & Exercise Res Ctr, Sport & Hlth Sci, St Lukes Campus, Exeter EX1 2LU, Devon, England; Univ Exeter, Med Sch, Exeter, Devon, England
· SANCHEZ-SANCHEZ, Javier:Univ Castilla La Mancha, IGOID Res Grp, Toledo, Spain; European Univ, Sch Sport Sci, Madrid, Spain
· GALLARDO, Leonor:Univ Castilla La Mancha, IGOID Res Grp, Toledo, Spain
· GRACIA-MARCO, Luis:Univ Exeter, Childrens Hlth & Exercise Res Ctr, Sport & Hlth Sci, St Lukes Campus, Exeter EX1 2LU, Devon, England; Univ Zaragoza, Growth Exercise Nutr & Dev Res Grp, Zaragoza, Spain
hcfmusp.origem.id WOS:000409348400020
hcfmusp.origem.id 2-s2.0-85026479858
hcfmusp.publisher.city HOBOKEN
hcfmusp.publisher.country USA
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dc.description.index MEDLINE
dc.identifier.eissn 1651-2227
hcfmusp.citation.scopus 1
hcfmusp.citation.wos 1


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