Abundance of impacted forest patches less than 5 km(2) is a key driver of the incidence of malaria in Amazonian Brazil

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dc.contributor Sistema FMUSP-HC: Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (FMUSP) e Hospital das Clínicas da FMUSP
dc.contributor.author CHAVES, Leonardo Suveges Moreira
CONN, Jan E.
LOPEZ, Rossana Veronica Mendoza FMUSP-HC
SALLUM, Maria Anice Mureb
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.citation SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v.8, article ID 7077, 11p, 2018
dc.identifier.issn 2045-2322
dc.identifier.uri http://observatorio.fm.usp.br/handle/OPI/27099
dc.description.abstract The precise role that deforestation for agricultural settlements and commercial forest products plays in promoting or inhibiting malaria incidence in Amazonian Brazil is controversial. Using publically available databases, we analyzed temporal malaria incidence (2009-2015) in municipalities of nine Amazonian states in relation to ecologically defined variables: (i) deforestation (rate of forest clearing over time); (ii) degraded forest (degree of human disturbance and openness of forest canopy for logging) and (iii) impacted forest (sum of deforested and degraded forest patches). We found that areas affected by one kilometer square of deforestation produced 27 new malaria cases (r(2) = 0.78; F1,10 = 35.81; P < 0.001). Unexpectedly, we found both a highly significant positive correlation between number of impacted forest patches less than 5 km(2) and malaria cases, and that these patch sizes accounted for greater than similar to 95% of all patches in the study area. There was a significantly negative correlation between extraction forestry economic indices and malaria cases. Our results emphasize not only that deforestation promotes malaria incidence, but also that it directly or indirectly results in a low Human Development Index, and favors environmental conditions that promote malaria vector proliferation.
dc.description.sponsorship · Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP) [2014/26229-7, 2014/26855-5]
· National Institutes of Health, USA [R01 AI110112]
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Scientific Reports
dc.rights openAccess
dc.subject.other anopheles-darlingi; diptera-culicidae; human migration; porto velho; land-use; deforestation; vector; frontier; future; region
dc.title Abundance of impacted forest patches less than 5 km(2) is a key driver of the incidence of malaria in Amazonian Brazil
dc.type article
dc.rights.holder Copyright NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
dc.description.group LIM/24
dc.identifier.doi 10.1038/s41598-018-25344-5
dc.identifier.pmid 29728637
dc.type.category original article
dc.type.version publishedVersion
hcfmusp.author LOPEZ, Rossana Veronica Mendoza:HC:ICESP
hcfmusp.author.external · CHAVES, Leonardo Suveges Moreira:Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Saude Publ, Dept Epidemiol, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
· CONN, Jan E.:SUNY Albany, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Biomed Sci, Albany, NY USA; New York State Dept Hlth, Wadsworth Ctr, Albany, NY USA
· SALLUM, Maria Anice Mureb:Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Saude Publ, Dept Epidemiol, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
hcfmusp.origem.id WOS:000431401700010
hcfmusp.origem.id 2-s2.0-85046626439
hcfmusp.publisher.city LONDON
hcfmusp.publisher.country ENGLAND
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dc.description.index MEDLINE
hcfmusp.citation.scopus 7
hcfmusp.citation.wos 8
hcfmusp.affiliation.country Brasil
hcfmusp.affiliation.country Estados Unidos

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