Combined reconstruction of the anterolateral ligament in chronic ACL injuries leads to better clinical outcomes than isolated ACL reconstruction

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dc.contributor Sistema FMUSP-HC: Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (FMUSP) e Hospital das Clínicas da FMUSP HELITO, Camilo Partezani FMUSP-HC
CAMARGO, Danilo Bordini FMUSP-HC
BONADIO, Marcelo Batista FMUSP-HC
GIGLIO, Pedro Nogueira FMUSP-HC
DEMANGE, Marco Kawamura FMUSP-HC 2018
dc.identifier.citation KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY, v.26, n.12, p.3652-3659, 2018
dc.identifier.issn 0942-2056
dc.description.abstract Purpose To evaluate the results of combined anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and anterolateral ligament (ALL) reconstruction in patients with chronic ACL injury. It was hypothesized that patients who underwent combined ACL and ALL reconstruction would exhibit less residual laxity and better clinical outcomes. Methods Two groups of patients were evaluated and compared retrospectively. Both groups consisted only of patients with chronic (more than 12 months) ACL injuries. Patients in group 1 underwent anatomical intra-articular reconstruction of the ACL and patients in group 2 underwent anatomic intra-articular ACL reconstruction combined with ALL reconstruction. The presence of associated meniscal injury, the subjective International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) and Lysholm functional outcome scores in the postoperative period, KT-1000 evaluation, the presence of residual pivot shift and graft rupture rate were evaluated. Results One hundred and one patients who underwent reconstruction of chronic ACL injuries were evaluated. The median follow-up was 26 (24-29) months for group 1 and 25 (24-28) months for group 2. There were no significant differences between groups regarding gender, age, duration of injury until reconstruction, follow-up time or presence of associated meniscal injuries in the preoperative period. Regarding functional outcome scores, patients in group 2 presented better results on both the IKDC (p = 0.0013) and the Lysholm (p < 0.0001) evaluations. In addition, patients in group 2 had better KT-1000 evaluation (p = 0.048) and a lower pivot shift rate at physical examination, presenting only 9.1% positivity versus 35.3% in the isolated ACL reconstruction (p = 0.011). Regarding re-ruptures, group 1 presented 5 (7.3%) cases, and group 2 presented no cases. Conclusion The combined ACL and ALL reconstruction in patients with chronic ACL injury is an effective and safety solution and leads to good functional outcomes with no increase in complication rate. The clinical relevance of this finding is the possibility to indicate this type of procedure when patients present with more than 12 months after injury for surgery.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher SPRINGER
dc.relation.ispartof Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy
dc.rights restrictedAccess
dc.subject Anterior cruciate ligament; Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction; Anterolateral ligament; Anterolateral ligament reconstruction; Pivot shift
dc.subject.other anterior cruciate ligament; minimum follow-up; extraarticular tenodesis; single-bundle; pivot shift; knee; abnormalities; complex; prevalence; fixation
dc.title Combined reconstruction of the anterolateral ligament in chronic ACL injuries leads to better clinical outcomes than isolated ACL reconstruction
dc.type article
dc.rights.holder Copyright SPRINGER LIM/41
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/s00167-018-4934-2
dc.identifier.pmid 29610972
dc.type.category original article
dc.type.version publishedVersion HELITO, Camilo Partezani:HC:IOT CAMARGO, Danilo Bordini:HC:IOT SOBRADO, Marcel Faraco:HC:IOT BONADIO, Marcelo Batista:FM: GIGLIO, Pedro Nogueira:FM: PECORA, Jose Ricardo:HC:IOT CAMANHO, Gilberto Luis:FM:MOT DEMANGE, Marco Kawamura:FM:MOT WOS:000452078100018 2-s2.0-85044775679 NEW YORK USA
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dc.description.index MEDLINE
dc.identifier.eissn 1433-7347
hcfmusp.citation.scopus 16
hcfmusp.citation.wos 13

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