Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/56

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A coleção de Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas engloba artigos originais, artigos de revisão, artigos de atualização, artigos técnicos, relatos de experiências, resenhas, ensaios, editoriais, cartas ao editor, debates, notas científicas e técnicas, depoimentos, entrevistas e pontos de vista. Consideram-se como artigos científicos originais os trabalhos redigidos para divulgação de informações e resultados sobre determinada pesquisa científica, publicados em periódico científico após avaliação por outros pesquisadores.

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  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Importance and clinical aspects of propolis contact dermatitis
    (2023) BELLUCO, Paulo Eduardo Silva; FERREIRA, Mauricio Domigues; AZEVEDO, Fabiola da Silva Maciel; BELLUCO, Rosana Zabulon Feijo; REIS, Carmelia Matos Santiago
    Aims: propolis is the resinous substance that bees collect from plants to build their hives. The aim of this review was to highlight the importance of diagnosing propolis-related contact dermatitis and relevant clinical aspects of this disease. Methods: narrative literature review carried out by searching the National Library of Medicine (PubMed) and Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) databases. Results: a total of 246 articles were found and, after the selection and reading process, 32 publications were included. Conclusions: delayed -type hypersensitivity to propolis is extremely important because the prevalence of this allergy is increasing in various parts of the world. We need national studies to assess our reality. Proof of the high prevalence in our country will allow this substance to be included in other patch tests series in our country.
  • article 1 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Reflectance confocal microscopy - Consensus terminology glossary in Brazilian Portuguese for normal skin, melanocytic and non-melanocytic lesions
    (2024) BRAGA, Juliana Casagrande Tavoloni; BARCAUI, Carlos B.; PINHEIRO, Ana Maria; SORTINO, Ana Maria Fagundes; ABDALLA, Cristina Martinez Zugaib; CAMPOS-DO-CARMO, Gabriella; REZZE, Gisele Gargantini; PINEIRO-MACEIRA, Juan; ROCHA, Lilian Licariao; MAIA, Marcus; SA, Bianca Costa Soares de
    Background: Currently, there is no uniform and official terminology in Portuguese for reflectance confocal microscopy analysis, despite the increasing number of Brazilian dermatologists using this new tool. Objective: To present the terminology in Brazilian Portuguese for the description of reflectance confocal microscopy and establish the first Brazilian consensus on terms related to normal skin and cutaneous tumors. Methods: 10 Brazilian specialists from different institutions and states of Brazil were selected to evaluate the best corresponding terms in Portuguese for normal skin, melanocytic and nonmelanocytic tumors. The terms used were translated from international consensuses in the English language. The modified Delphi method was used to create the consensus in 3 steps. Results: The terms considered the most appropriate in the Portuguese language to describe the findings of normal skin, melanocytic and non-melanocytic lesions in the reflectance confocal microscopy analysis were presented. Study limitations: The limitations of the present study include the number of participants and limited regional representation (only two of the five Brazilian regions were represented). Conclusion: This Brazilian consensus represents an opportunity for dermatologists and physicians specializing in cutaneous oncology to become familiar with reflectance confocal microscopy, propagating the technique in clinical and research environments to stimulate national and international publications on this subject.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Immune modulation and possible pathological implications mediated by naturally produced immunoglobulin G idiotypes: from historical to recent experimental and clinical studies focused on atopic dermatitis
    (2024) SANTANDER, Lucas; MACHADO, Nicolle Rakanidis; FAGUNDES, Beatriz Oliveira; VICTOR, Jefferson Russo
    Since the 1950s decade, it has been suggested that a naturally produced or induced repertoire of immunoglobulin G (IgG) idiotypes may exert some immunoregulatory functions. In the last decades, some more advanced theories have suggested that the repertoire of IgG idiotypes may influence the development or control of some atopic diseases. In atopic dermatitis (AD), some evidence indicated that the IgG repertoire obtained from these patients could effectively mediate regulatory functions on thymic and peripheral CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. Furthermore, some recent clinical trials have corroborated the hypothesis that IgG from AD patients can exert regulatory functions in vivo. Here, we revised some historical aspects that yield current approaches developed in vitro and in vivo to elucidate a recently proposed theory termed ""hooks without bait"" that can strengthen the broad spectrum of research about evaluating different sets of IgG idiotypes and determine their immunological effects.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Methotrexate for refractory adult atopic dermatitis leads to alterations in cutaneous IL-31 and IL-31RA expression
    (2024) SAMORANO, Luciana Paula; MANFRERE, Kelly Cristina Gomes; PEREIRA, Naiura Vieira; TAKAOKA, Roberto; VALENTE, Neusa Yuriko Sakai; SOTTO, Mirian Nacagami; SILVA, Luiz Fernando Ferraz; SATO, Maria Notomi; AOKI, Valeria
    Background: Methotrexate (MTX) is an alternative treatment for patients with moderate/severe atopic dermatitis (AD). Objective: The authors evaluated the effect of MTX on the cutaneous expression of cytokines and chemokines that are involved in the inflammatory response in adult AD patients who received treatment with methotrexate for 24 weeks. Methods: The authors conducted a prospective single-institution cohort study with 12 adults with moderate/severe AD who received oral MTX (15 mg/wk for 24 wks) and 10 non-atopic matched controls. The comparison was made of skin biopsies of lesional and non-lesional skin, pre- and post MTX treatment. The authors analyzed mean epidermal thickness and expression of IL-31, IL-31RA, OSMR, TSLP, Ki67, IL-4 mRNA, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma, TARC, and CCL-22. Results: There was a reduction in mean epidermal thickness (p = 0.021), an increase in IL-31RA expression (immunohistochemistry) in the epidermis (p = 0.016) and a decrease in IL-31 gene expression (p = 0.019) on lesional AD skin post-MTX treatment. No significant changes in the cutaneous expression of the other evaluated markers were identified. Study limitations: Small sample size and limited length of follow-up. Conclusions: Treatment with MTX in adults with moderate/severe AD reduced epidermal hyperplasia and changed the cutaneous expression of inflammatory cytokines and receptors that are mainly related to pruritus, including IL-31 and IL-31RA. (c) 2023 Published by Elsevier Espana, S.L.U. on behalf of Sociedade Brasileira de Dermatologia. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Tobacco exposure, but not aging, shifts the frequency of peripheral blood B cell subpopulations
    (2024) PINTO, Thalyta Nery Carvalho; SILVA, Cibele Cristine Berto Marques da; PINTO, Regina Maria Carvalho; DUARTE, Alberto Jose da Silva; BENARD, Gil; FERNANDES, Juliana Ruiz
    Several disturbances in T-cell mediated immunity have been described during aging, but immunosenescence of the B-cell compartment is less well elucidated. The peripheral blood B-cell compartment (CD19+) can be split into six main subpopulations according to the cell surface markers IgD, CD27, CD24, and CD38: Transitional, naive, unswitched, switched, double negative and plasmablasts. We thus aimed to verify whether shifts in these subsets occur during healthy and pathological aging. We recruited three groups of aged people (> 60 years old), healthy, COPD patients, and smokers without altered pulmonary function test, and a fourth group of individuals 18-40 years old (youngs). Total B-cells percentage and absolute number were similar among the healthy aged, COPD patients, and youngs, but the smokers showed significantly higher absolute numbers. While all six B-cell subset percentages were comparable among the healthy aged, COPD patients, and youngs, smokers showed significantly higher percentages of switched B-cells and reduced naive B-cells than the other three groups, resulting in an inverted naive:switched ratio. Analysis of the cell subset absolute numbers showed a similar trend. Overall, our results suggest that aging drives milder alterations in the distribution of peripheral blood B-cell subpopulations than in the T-cell compartment. We suggest that it is the T-cell immunosenescence that most contributes to the poor humoral immune responses in the elderly, vaccine responses included. Surprisingly it was the smokers who showed significant alterations when compared with the youngs, healthy aged, and aged COPD patients, probably as a result of the chronic immune stimulation described in active smoking subjects.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Enhanced immunogenicity and protective efficacy in mice following a Zika DNA vaccine designed by modulation of membrane-anchoring regions and its association to adjuvants (vol 15, 1307546, 2024)
    (2024) TEIXEIRA, Franciane Mouradian Emidio; OLIVEIRA, Luana de Mendonca; BRANCO, Anna Claudia Calvielli Castelo; ALBERCA, Ricardo Wesley; SOUSA, Emanuella Sarmento Alho de; LEITE, Bruno Henrique de Sousa; ADAN, Wenny Camilla dos Santos; DUARTE, Alberto Jose da Silva; LINS, Roberto Dias; SATO, Maria Notomi; VIANA, Isabelle Freire Tabosa
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Enhanced immunogenicity and protective efficacy in mice following a Zika DNA vaccine designed by modulation of membrane-anchoring regions and its association to adjuvants
    (2024) TEIXEIRA, Franciane Mouradian Emidio; OLIVEIRA, Luana de Mendonca; BRANCO, Anna Claudia Calvielli Castelo; ALBERCA, Ricardo Wesley; SOUSA, Emanuella Sarmento Alho de; LEITE, Bruno Henrique de Sousa; ADAN, Wenny Camilla dos Santos; DUARTE, Alberto Jose da Silva; LINS, Roberto Dias; SATO, Maria Notomi; VIANA, Isabelle Freire Tabosa
    Zika virus (ZIKV) is a re-emerging pathogen with high morbidity associated to congenital infection. Despite the scientific advances since the last outbreak in the Americas, there are no approved specific treatment or vaccines. As the development of an effective prophylactic approach remains unaddressed, DNA vaccines surge as a powerful and attractive candidate due to the efficacy of sequence optimization in achieving strong immune response. In this study, we developed four DNA vaccine constructs encoding the ZIKV prM/M (pre-membrane/membrane) and E (envelope) proteins in conjunction with molecular adjuvants. The DNA vaccine candidate (called ZK_Delta STP), where the entire membrane-anchoring regions were completely removed, was far more immunogenic compared to their counterparts. Furthermore, inclusion of the tPA-SP leader sequence led to high expression and secretion of the target vaccine antigens, therefore contributing to adequate B cell stimulation. The ZK_Delta STP vaccine induced high cellular and humoral response in C57BL/6 adult mice, which included high neutralizing antibody titers and the generation of germinal center B cells. Administration of ZK-Delta STP incorporating aluminum hydroxide (Alum) adjuvant led to sustained neutralizing response. In consistency with the high and long-term protective response, ZK_Delta STP+Alum protected adult mice upon viral challenge. Collectively, the ZK_Delta STP+Alum vaccine formulation advances the understanding of the requirements for a successful and protective vaccine against flaviviruses and is worthy of further translational studies.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Outlining the skin-homing and circulating CLA+NK cells in patients with severe atopic dermatitis
    (2024) LIMA, Josenilson Feitosa de; TEIXEIRA, Franciane Mouradian Emidio; RAMOS, Yasmim alefe Leuzzi; CARVALHO, Gabriel Costa de; BRANCO, Anna Claudia Calvielli Castelo; PEREIRA, Naiura Vieira; SOTTO, Mirian Nacagami; AOKI, Valeria; SATO, Maria Notomi; ORFALI, Raquel Leao
    Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a complex, multifactorial skin disease, characterized by pruritus and predominant Th2 inflammation. Innate immune cells may play a role in AD development and are composed of granulocytes, macrophages, innate-like T cells, and innate lymphoid cells. This study investigates the phenotypic and functional profile of circulating CLA(+) natural killer (NK) cells and its role in the skin-homing to NK cells infiltrated in adults' skin with AD. We selected 44 AD patients and 27 non-AD volunteers for the study. The results showed increased frequencies of both CLA(+)CD56(bright) and CLA(+)CD56(dim) NK cell populations in the peripheral blood, mainly in severe AD patients. Upon SEB stimulation, we observed an augmented percentage of CLA(+)CD56(dim) NK cells expressing CD107a, IFN-gamma, IL-10, and TNF, reinforcing the role of staphylococcal enterotoxins in AD pathogenesis. Additionally, we demonstrated increased dermal expression of both NK cell markers NCAM-1/CD56 and pan-granzyme, corroborating the skin-homing, mostly in severe AD. Further studies are necessary to elucidate the potential role of NK cells in the chronification of the inflammatory process in AD skin, as well as their possible relationship with staphylococcal enterotoxins, and as practicable therapeutic targets.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Incomplete recovery of the CD4+/CD8+ratio is associated with the late introduction of antiretroviral therapy among people living with HIV infection
    (2024) PRATES, Gabriela da Silva; MONTEIRO, Mariana Amelia; OLIVEIRA, Ericka Constantinov; NASCIMENTO, Najara Ataide de Lima; VEIGA, Ana Paula Rocha; FERREIRA, Mauricio Domingues; POLIS, Thales Jose Bueno; CAETANO, Gabriela Prandi; SOARES, Beatriz Rodrigues Pellegrina; MAGRI, Marcello Mihailenko Chaves; PEREIRA, Luisa Oliveira; FONSECA, Luiz Augusto Marcondes; ALVES, Wagner Silva; DUARTE, Alberto Jose da Silva; CASSEB, Jorge Simao do Rosario
    Despite being subject to lower AIDS-related mortality rates and having a higher life expectancy, patients with HIV are more prone to develop non-AIDS events. A low CD4+/CD8+ ratio during antiretroviral therapy identifies people with heightened immune senescence and increased risk of mortality. In clinical practice, finding determinants of a low CD4+/CD8+ ratio may be useful for identifying patients who require close monitoring due to an increased risk of comorbidities and death. We performed a prospective study on the evolution of the CD4(+)/CD8(+) ratio in 60 patients infected with HIV (80% males), who were subjected to two different antiretroviral regimens: early and deferred therapy. The initial CD4(+)/CD8(+) ratio was <= 1 for 70% of the patients in both groups. Older age, CD4(+) cell count at inclusion, Nadir CD8(+)T-cell count, and Initial CD4(+)/CD8(+) ratio <= 1 were risk factors for lack of ratio recovery. In the multivariate analysis, a CD4(+)/CD8(+) ratio > 1 at the start of the treatment was found to be a determinant factor in maintaining a CD4(+)/CD8(+) ratio > 1. The nadir CD4(+)T-cell count was lower in the deferred therapy group (p=0.004), and the last CD4(+)/CD8(+) ratio <= 1 was not associated with comorbidities. Ratio recovery was not associated with the duration of HIV infection, time without therapy, or absence of AIDS incidence. A greater improvement was observed in patients treated early (p=0.003). In contrast, the slope of increase was slower in patients who deferred treatment. In conclusion, the increase in the CD4+/CD8+ ratio occurred mostly for patients undergoing early strategy treatment and its extension did not seem to be related to previous HIV-related factors.
  • article 5 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Real-world clinical, psychosocial and economic burden of atopic dermatitis: Results from a multicountry study
    (2024) EYERICH, Kilian; GOODERHAM, Melinda J.; SILVESTRE, Juan Francisco; SHUMACK, Stephen P.; MENDES-BASTOS, Pedro; AOKI, Valeria; ORTONCELLI, Michela; SILVERBERG, Jonathan I.; TEIXEIRA, Henrique D.; CHEN, Shirley H.; CALIMLIM, Brian M.; TAKEMOTO, Shunya; SANCHO, Cristina; FRITZ, Bjoern; IRVINE, Alan D.
    Background: Atopic dermatitis (AD), a relapsing, inflammatory skin disease, is associated with pruritus that can negatively affect patients' quality of life. Understanding the burden of AD is critical for informing and tailoring treatment and disease management to improve patient outcomes. This study characterized global treatment patterns and the clinical, psychosocial and economic burden of moderate- to-severe AD. Methods: MEASURE- AD was a cross-sectional 28-country study in patients with physician-confirmed moderate- to-severe AD who were either receiving or eligible for systemic therapy for AD. Patients =12 years were enrolled between December 2019 and December 2020 while attending routine office or clinic visit. Primary out-comes included Worst Pruritus Numeric Rating Scale (WP- NRS; range: 0- 10) and Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI; range: 0- 30) and Childrens DLQI (CDLQI; range: 0- 30). Secondary outcomes included physician-and patient-reported clinical, psychosocial and economic burden.Results: Of the 1591 patients enrolled, 1558 (1434 adults and 124 adolescents) ful-filled all patient selection criteria and were included in this analysis. Almost all patients (98.4%) in the total population were using AD medications and more than half (56%) were receiving systemic medication (15% systemic monotherapy). The most used systemic therapies were dupilumab (56.3%), systemic glucocorticoids (18.1%) and methotrexate (16.2%). Mean WP- NRS was 5.3 in the total population, and most patients (= 55%) reported moderate- to-severe pruritus (WP-NRS = 4). Mean DLQI was 10.8 and mean CDLQI was 9.6. Secondary endpoints demonstrated substantial clinical, psychosocial, and economic burden of disease. Subgroup analysis demonstrated that patients receiving systemic therapy had lower disease burden than those not taking systemic medications.Conclusions: While systemic therapy lowers overall disease burden, patients with moderate- to-severe AD continue to have substantial multidimensional disease bur-den and uncontrolled disease. Overall, there is a need for effective disease management, including effective treatments that improve patients' psychosocial outcomes and reduce the economic burden of AD.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Could Cesarean Delivery Help Prevent Mother-to-Child Transmission of Human T-Lymphotropic Virus Type 1?
    (2023) PRATES, Gabriela; PAIVA, Arthur; HAZIOT, Michel E.; FONSECA, Luiz Augusto M.; SMID, Jerusa; MARCUSSO, Rosa Maria do N.; ASSONE, Tatiane; OLIVEIRA, Augusto. C. P. de; CASSEB, Jorge
    Background. Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is an important route of transmission that can cause lifelong infection. There is high morbidity and mortality due to adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma, HTLV-1-associated myelopathy (HAM), and other inflammatory disorders. These conditions develop in nearly 10% of people with HTLV-1 infection, with a higher risk if infection occurs early in life. Identification of risk factors can inform targeted measures to reduce HTLV-1 MTCT. This study aimed to investigate the potential of cesarean delivery to prevent HTLV-1 MTCT. Methods. We performed a review of the cases of women and their offspring under regular follow-up at the HTLV-1 outpatient clinic at the Institute of Infectious Diseases Emilio Ribas. Results. A total of 177 HTLV-1-infected women and 369 adult offspring were investigated. Overall, 15% of the children were positive for HTLV-1 and 85% were negative. Regarding vertical transmission, we found that a breastfeeding duration of >6 months was associated with MTCT. Moreover, maternal proviral load was not associated with transmission, but high educational level and cesarean delivery were identified as protective factors. Conclusions. HTLV-1 MTCT was associated with mother's age at delivery of >25 years, low educational level, prolonged breastfeeding, and vaginal delivery.
  • article 2 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Challenges, Characteristics, and Outcomes of Chronic Pulmonary Aspergillosis: A 11-Year Experience in A Middle-Income Country
    (2023) OLIVEIRA, Vitor Falcao de; VIANA, Joshua Araujo; SAWAMURA, Marcio Valente Yamada; MAGRI, Adriana Satie Goncalves Kono; BENARD, Gil; COSTA, Andre Nathan; ABDALA, Edson; MARIANI, Alessandro Wasum; MAGRI, Marcello Mihailenko Chaves
    Objectives Chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA) is a research priority in fungal diseases with a need for new studies to reduce misdiagnosis with more common diseases, discuss improvement in diagnostic methods and better characterize gaps in antifungal and surgical treatments to improve clinical outcomes. Methods In this retrospective study, we reviewed medical records of patients diagnosed with CPA from January 2010 to June 2021 at University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil. We evaluated clinical characteristics, radiological findings, serology, treatment, and outcomes. Results The study included 91 participants, with 43 (47.3%) patients who underwent surgery and 69 (75.8%) received antifungal therapy. We found a predominance of middle-aged adults (median 51 years), males (n = 58, 64%) with lower BMI (median 21.3 kg/m(2)). The most common underlying lung disease was pulmonary tuberculosis (n = 70, 76.9%). The commonest symptoms were cough (n = 67, 74%), haemoptysis, and dyspnea (n = 63, 70%). The most common chest computerized tomography abnormalities were cavity (n = 86, 94.5%), with a predominance of mycetomas (n = 78, 91%). The serology was positive in 81% (61/75). The one-year mortality was low (3.3%). Clinical improvement and stability occurred in 89% of participants for constitucional symptoms and 86% for pulmonary symptoms. While serological improvement and stability occurred in 71%. Radiological improvement and stability occurred in 75%. Conclusion We observed a good outcome after 1-year follow-up, in which the majority had improvement or stability of pulmonary and constitutional symptoms, decrease in CIE titers and low mortality.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Evaluation of the New Multi-HTLV Serological Assay: Improvement for HTLV-2 Detection
    (2024) FOLGOSI, Victor Angelo; KONMINAKIS, Shirley Vasconcelos; SILVA, Felipe Dias da; LEITE JUNIOR, Pedro Domingos; HAZIOT, Michel Elyas Jung; OLIVEIRA, Augusto C. P.; SMID, Jerusa; ZREIN, Maan; SALVADOR, Florent; CASSEB, Jorge
    Despite the accuracy of confirmatory tests for the diagnosis of human T cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV), inconclusive or false-negative results still occur when diagnosing human T cell lymphotropic virus type 2 (HTLV-2)-positive patients. The goal of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity and accuracy of a confirmatory immunoassay, the Multi-HTLV assay. A total of 246 plasma samples were tested by real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and used to calculate the sensitivity and typing accuracy of the Multi-HTLV assay. Of the 246 plasma samples, 127 were positive for human T cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1), 112 were positive for HTLV-2, and 7 were positive for both HTLV-1 and HTLV-2. Thereafter, the nonparametric Mann-Whitney U test was used to calculate the concordance between the qPCR test and Multi-HTLV assay in 12 samples with discrepant and inconclusive qPCR results. The Multi-HTLV assay showed high performance in identifying HTLV-1 and HTLV-2 with sensitivities of 97% [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.92-0.98] and 94% (0.87-0.96), respectively. However, due to typing performance (98% for HTLV-1 and 94% for HTLV-2), it had 95% agreement with positive HTLV-1 qPCR results (95% CI: 90.07-97.81) and 86% (78.04-91.01) of HTLV-2 qPCR results were positive. Moreover, this test was able to recognize 80% of indeterminate samples and all HTLV-2 positive samples that showed false-negative qPCR results. Our findings, derived from a substantial number of HTLV-positive samples, underscore the inherent reliability and feasibility of the Multi-HTLV assay, regardless of the molecular testing facilities. Furthermore, the distinctive multiparametric nature of this assay, combined with its straightforward procedural execution, introduces novel perspectives for analyzing specific serological profiles in each patient, as well as the potential for immunological monitoring of disease progression.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Can Persistent Infections with Hepatitis B Virus, Hepatitis C Virus, Human Immunodeficiency Virus, and Human T Lymphotropic Virus Type 1 Be Eradicated?
    (2024) TEIXEIRA, Sandy Vieira; PRATES, Gabriela; FONSECA, Luiz Augusto Marcondes; CASSEB, Jorge
    Persistent viruses are hard to be eradicated, even using effective medications, and can persist for a long time in humans, sometimes regardless of treatment. Hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, human immunodeficiency virus, and human T cell lymphotropic virus infections, the most common in our era, are still a challenge despite the increased knowledge about their biology. Most of them are highly pathogenic, some causing acute disease or, more often, leading to chronic persistent infections, and some of the occult, carrying a high risk of morbidity and mortality. However, if such infections were discovered early, they might be eradicated in the near future with effective medications and/or vaccines. This perspective review points out some specific characteristics of the most important chronic persistent viruses. It seems that in the next few years, these persistent viruses may have control by vaccination, epidemiological strategies, and/or treatment.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Data-driven, cross-disciplinary collaboration: lessons learned at the largest academic health center in Latin America during the COVID-19 pandemic
    (2024) RITTO, Ana Paula; ARAUJO, Adriana Ladeira de; CARVALHO, Carlos Roberto Ribeiro de; SOUZA, Heraldo Possolo De; FAVARETTO, Patricia Manga e Silva; SABOYA, Vivian Renata Boldrim; GARCIA, Michelle Louvaes; KULIKOWSKI, Leslie Domenici; KALLAS, Esper Georges; PEREIRA, Antonio Jose Rodrigues; COBELLO JUNIOR, Vilson; SILVA, Katia Regina; ABDALLA, Eidi Raquel Franco; SEGURADO, Aluisio Augusto Cotrim; SABINO, Ester Cerdeira; RIBEIRO JUNIOR, Ulysses; FRANCISCO, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira; MIETHKE-MORAIS, Anna; LEVIN, Anna Sara Shafferman; SAWAMURA, Marcio Valente Yamada; FERREIRA, Juliana Carvalho; SILVA, Clovis Artur; MAUAD, Thais; GOUVEIA, Nelson da Cruz; LETAIF, Leila Suemi Harima; BEGO, Marco Antonio; BATTISTELLA, Linamara Rizzo; DUARTE, Alberto Jose da Silva; SEELAENDER, Marilia Cerqueira Leite; MARCHINI, Julio; FORLENZA, Orestes Vicente; ROCHA, Vanderson Geraldo; MENDES-CORREA, Maria Cassia; COSTA, Silvia Figueiredo; CERRI, Giovanni Guido; BONFA, Eloisa Silva Dutra de Oliveira; CHAMMAS, Roger; BARROS FILHO, Tarcisio Eloy Pessoa de; BUSATTO FILHO, Geraldo
    Introduction The COVID-19 pandemic has prompted global research efforts to reduce infection impact, highlighting the potential of cross-disciplinary collaboration to enhance research quality and efficiency.Methods At the FMUSP-HC academic health system, we implemented innovative flow management routines for collecting, organizing and analyzing demographic data, COVID-related data and biological materials from over 4,500 patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection hospitalized from 2020 to 2022. This strategy was mainly planned in three areas: organizing a database with data from the hospitalizations; setting-up a multidisciplinary taskforce to conduct follow-up assessments after discharge; and organizing a biobank. Additionally, a COVID-19 curated collection was created within the institutional digital library of academic papers to map the research output.Results Over the course of the experience, the possible benefits and challenges of this type of research support approach were identified and discussed, leading to a set of recommended strategies to enhance collaboration within the research institution. Demographic and clinical data from COVID-19 hospitalizations were compiled in a database including adults and a minority of children and adolescents with laboratory confirmed COVID-19, covering 2020-2022, with approximately 350 fields per patient. To date, this database has been used in 16 published studies. Additionally, we assessed 700 adults 6 to 11 months after hospitalization through comprehensive, multidisciplinary in-person evaluations; this database, comprising around 2000 fields per subject, was used in 15 publications. Furthermore, thousands of blood samples collected during the acute phase and follow-up assessments remain stored for future investigations. To date, more than 3,700 aliquots have been used in ongoing research investigating various aspects of COVID-19. Lastly, the mapping of the overall research output revealed that between 2020 and 2022 our academic system produced 1,394 scientific articles on COVID-19.Discussion Research is a crucial component of an effective epidemic response, and the preparation process should include a well-defined plan for organizing and sharing resources. The initiatives described in the present paper were successful in our aim to foster large-scale research in our institution. Although a single model may not be appropriate for all contexts, cross-disciplinary collaboration and open data sharing should make health research systems more efficient to generate the best evidence.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    A unique case of a lymphoproliferative disorder affecting the skin and uterine cervix on a male transgender
    (2024) CURY-MARTINS, Jade; GIANNOTTI, Marcelo A.; MIYASHIRO, Denis; PEREIRA, Juliana; SANCHES, Jose Antonio
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Impacts of the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic on leisure and transportation physical activity among healthcare workers
    (2024) GURGEL, Aline Rachel Bezerra; GUIMARAES, Jean Augusto Coelho; BRUM, Patricia Chakur; LIMA, Antonio Carlos Pedroso de; GIAVINA-BIANCHI, Pedro; PERES, Carlos Henrique Mesquita; FRANCISCO, Maria Cristina Peres Braido; SANTOS, Lanuse Garcia Neves dos; SANTOS, Rita de Cassia Cezar; SANTOS, Roseli Eliana Beseggio; CORA, Aline; DUARTE, Alberto Jose da Silva; LAZARI, Carolina dos Santos; PEREIRA, Antonio Jose; SABINO, Ester Cerdeira; CORCHS, Felipe; SEGURADO, Aluisio Cotrim; COSTA, Silvia Figueiredo; LEVIN, Anna S.
    Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic may lead to reduced physical activity (PA) in health care workers (HCWs). Objective: To evaluate leisure and transport-related PA in HCW of a COVID-19-dedicated hospital during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with a sample of 1,527 HCWs. Socioeconomic aspects, occupational characteristics, and engagement in leisure and transport-related PA were investigated through an online survey administered in August of 2020. Results: More than 80 % HCWs performed < 150 min/week of leisure-related PA, and 85 % performed <= 30 min/ day transport-related PA. Being male was associated with more PA (OR: 1.93; 95 % CI:1.40-2.66) and transportrelated PA; working in nursing, physical therapy, and cleaning/housekeeping services was associated with low PA (OR: 0.70; 95 % CI:0.51-0.95). Physicians and administrative staff were less active in transport-related PA. Conclusions: HCWs working in a COVID-19 hospital had low levels of PA in the domains of leisure and transportation.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Areata-Like Lupus as a Clinical Manifestation of Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus
    (2022) MORAIS, K. L.; SECCHIN, P.; ANZAI, A.; VERUSSA, M. J. M. C.; MUNCK, A.; FECHINE, C. O. C.; VALENTE, N. Y. S.; ROMITI, R.
    Introduction: Lupus erythematosus (LE) is a chronic autoimmune disease that frequently causes hair loss and scalp lesions. Hair loss can be scarring and nonscarring, diffuse, or patchy. The nonscarring patchy alopecia is usually related to systemic LE (SLE) and may simulate alopecia areata (AA), reason why it is named areata-like lupus. Our case was diagnosed with areata-like lupus but did not meet criteria for SLE. Case Report: A 63-year-old woman presented with irregular nonscarring patchy alopecia in the temporal and frontoparietal scalp. Trichoscopy showed exclamation mark hairs, vellus hairs, and sparse yellow dots. Histology revealed epidermal vacuolar interface dermatitis, lymphohistiocytic infiltrate around the bulbs of anagen follicles, and eccrine glands. Direct immunofluorescence showed deposits of C3, IgA, and IgG in the basement membrane zone. Discussion: Patients with cutaneous LE can also manifest as nonscarring patchy alopecia that is clinically similar to AA, despite the absence of systemic manifestations. Areata-like lupus is secondary to the lupus autoimmune infiltrate that affects the skin including the hair follicles. Trichoscopy, histology, and direct immunofluorescence are important to differentiate this form of alopecia from AA, which is believed to have a higher incidence in lupus patients.
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