Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/37

URI Permanente para esta coleção

A coleção de Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas engloba artigos originais, artigos de revisão, artigos de atualização, artigos técnicos, relatos de experiências, resenhas, ensaios, editoriais, cartas ao editor, debates, notas científicas e técnicas, depoimentos, entrevistas e pontos de vista. Consideram-se como artigos científicos originais os trabalhos redigidos para divulgação de informações e resultados sobre determinada pesquisa científica, publicados em periódico científico após avaliação por outros pesquisadores.


Submissões Recentes

Agora exibindo 1 - 20 de 686
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Data-driven, cross-disciplinary collaboration: lessons learned at the largest academic health center in Latin America during the COVID-19 pandemic
    (2024) RITTO, Ana Paula; ARAUJO, Adriana Ladeira de; CARVALHO, Carlos Roberto Ribeiro de; SOUZA, Heraldo Possolo De; FAVARETTO, Patricia Manga e Silva; SABOYA, Vivian Renata Boldrim; GARCIA, Michelle Louvaes; KULIKOWSKI, Leslie Domenici; KALLAS, Esper Georges; PEREIRA, Antonio Jose Rodrigues; COBELLO JUNIOR, Vilson; SILVA, Katia Regina; ABDALLA, Eidi Raquel Franco; SEGURADO, Aluisio Augusto Cotrim; SABINO, Ester Cerdeira; RIBEIRO JUNIOR, Ulysses; FRANCISCO, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira; MIETHKE-MORAIS, Anna; LEVIN, Anna Sara Shafferman; SAWAMURA, Marcio Valente Yamada; FERREIRA, Juliana Carvalho; SILVA, Clovis Artur; MAUAD, Thais; GOUVEIA, Nelson da Cruz; LETAIF, Leila Suemi Harima; BEGO, Marco Antonio; BATTISTELLA, Linamara Rizzo; DUARTE, Alberto Jose da Silva; SEELAENDER, Marilia Cerqueira Leite; MARCHINI, Julio; FORLENZA, Orestes Vicente; ROCHA, Vanderson Geraldo; MENDES-CORREA, Maria Cassia; COSTA, Silvia Figueiredo; CERRI, Giovanni Guido; BONFA, Eloisa Silva Dutra de Oliveira; CHAMMAS, Roger; BARROS FILHO, Tarcisio Eloy Pessoa de; BUSATTO FILHO, Geraldo
    Introduction The COVID-19 pandemic has prompted global research efforts to reduce infection impact, highlighting the potential of cross-disciplinary collaboration to enhance research quality and efficiency.Methods At the FMUSP-HC academic health system, we implemented innovative flow management routines for collecting, organizing and analyzing demographic data, COVID-related data and biological materials from over 4,500 patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection hospitalized from 2020 to 2022. This strategy was mainly planned in three areas: organizing a database with data from the hospitalizations; setting-up a multidisciplinary taskforce to conduct follow-up assessments after discharge; and organizing a biobank. Additionally, a COVID-19 curated collection was created within the institutional digital library of academic papers to map the research output.Results Over the course of the experience, the possible benefits and challenges of this type of research support approach were identified and discussed, leading to a set of recommended strategies to enhance collaboration within the research institution. Demographic and clinical data from COVID-19 hospitalizations were compiled in a database including adults and a minority of children and adolescents with laboratory confirmed COVID-19, covering 2020-2022, with approximately 350 fields per patient. To date, this database has been used in 16 published studies. Additionally, we assessed 700 adults 6 to 11 months after hospitalization through comprehensive, multidisciplinary in-person evaluations; this database, comprising around 2000 fields per subject, was used in 15 publications. Furthermore, thousands of blood samples collected during the acute phase and follow-up assessments remain stored for future investigations. To date, more than 3,700 aliquots have been used in ongoing research investigating various aspects of COVID-19. Lastly, the mapping of the overall research output revealed that between 2020 and 2022 our academic system produced 1,394 scientific articles on COVID-19.Discussion Research is a crucial component of an effective epidemic response, and the preparation process should include a well-defined plan for organizing and sharing resources. The initiatives described in the present paper were successful in our aim to foster large-scale research in our institution. Although a single model may not be appropriate for all contexts, cross-disciplinary collaboration and open data sharing should make health research systems more efficient to generate the best evidence.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    First description of extended and tailored fluorescence-guided lymphadenectomy during robotic distal pancreatosplenectomy: case report
    (2023) SURJAN, R. C. T.; SILVEIRA, S. P.; FIGUEIRA, E. R. R.; ARDENGH, J. C.
    Background: Minimally invasive distal pancreatosplenectomies for the treatment of pancreatic duct adenocarcinoma (PDAC) of the pancreatic body have become a well-established approach. To improve oncologic resection and lymph node (LN) dissection, technical alternatives have emerged on the last few years, such as the radical antegrade modular pancreatosplenectomy (RAMPS). While it is accepted that 12 LNs should be retrieved during distal pancreatosplenectomies, during RAMPS procedure the mean harvest is described to be 21 LNs (range, 11–30). With the objective of performing extended and tailored lymphadenectomies during robotic distal pancreatosplenectomies, we developed a novel technique for LN dissection with the use of real-time near-infrared robotic fluorescence and direct injection of indocyanine green in the pancreas as a contrast agent. Case Description: The patient presented pathologically confirmed PDAC on the body of the pancreas and was submitted to totally robotic distal pancreatosplenectomy. After exposing the pancreatic body and under intraoperative sonography guidance, 1 mL of indocyanine green was injected on the pancreas just proximal to the tumor. Using robotic fluorescence, we could clearly identify the lymphatic drainage of the pancreatic body, in order to perform fluorescence-guided, extended and tailored lymphadenectomy. Operative time was 4 hours and 43 minutes. Forty-three LNs were retrieved. Surgical margin was free from neoplasia. Postoperative period was uneventful. Conclusions: Fluorescence-guided extended lymphadenectomy with intrapancreatic injection of indocyanine green is a novel technique that may improve oncological results and staging during robotic distal pancreatosplenectomies for the treatment of PDAC of the pancreatic body.
  • article 2 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease-Related Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Immunohistochemical Assessment of Markers of Cancer Cell Metabolism
    Introduction: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been associated to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We sought to investigate the immunoexpression of several glycolytic metabolism-associated markers in patients with HCC associated to NAFLD and associate these factors to their clinical-pathological characteristics. Methods: We evaluated 35 HCC specimens from 21 patients diagnosed with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) undergoing liver resection (12 patients), liver transplantation (8 patients), or both (1 patient). Histological features, clinical aspects, demographic and biochemical data, as well as the immunohistochemical reactivity for monocarboxylate transporters 1, 2, and 4; their chaperone CD147; carbonic anhydrase IX; and glucose transporter-1 (GLUT1) were assessed. Results: Metabolic-associated cirrhosis was present in 12 of the 21 patients (8 child A and 4 child B scores). From 9 patients without cirrhosis, 3 presented NASH F3 and 6 NASH F2. Sixteen (76%) had diabetes mellitus, 17 (81%) arterial hypertension, and 19 (90%) body mass index above 25 kg/m2; 8 (38%) had dyslipidemia. From 35 nodules, steatosis was found in 26, ballooning in 31 nodules, 25 of them diagnosed as steatohepatitic subtype of HCC. MCT4 immunoexpression was associated with extensive intratumoral fibrosis, advanced clinical stages, and shorter overall survival. GLUT1 was noticeable in nodules with extensive intratumoral steatosis, higher intratumoral fibrosis, and advanced clinical stages. Immunohistochemical expression of the metabolic biomarkers MCT4 and GLUT1 was higher in patients with Barcelona-clinic liver cancer B or C. GLUT1 correlated with higher degree of steatosis, marked ballooning, intratumoral fibrosis, and higher parenchymal necroinflammatory activity. Conclusion: Our data indicate that the expression of the glycolytic phenotype of metabolic markers, especially GLUT1 and MCT4, correlates with a more severe course of HCC occurring in NASH patients.
  • article 3 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma beyond the BCLC: are multinodular disease, portal hypertension, and portal system invasion real contraindications?
    (2022) BARROS, A. Z. de Almeida; FONSECA, G. M.; KRUGER, J. A. P.; COELHO, F. F.; HERMAN, P.
    Background: Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) is a recognized guideline to standardize treatment allocation for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); however, many centers criticize its restrictive liver resection recommendations and have published good results after more liberal hepatectomy indications. The objective is to evaluate the results of HCC resection in a single center, with a more liberal indication for resection than proposed by the BCLC guideline. It was performed a retrospective cohort study including all patients who underwent liver resection for HCC in a single center between April 2008 and November 2018. Methods: The results of 150 patients who underwent hepatectomy were evaluated and compared facing both 2010 and 2018 BCLC guidelines. Overall and disease-free survival after resection in patients with none, one, two, or three of the risk factors, as proposed by the BCLC, as contraindications to resection (portal hypertension, portal invasion, and more than one nodule) were analyzed. Results: Nodule size and presence of portal invasion alone did not affect prognosis. If the BCLC 2010 and 2018 guidelines were followed, 46.7% and 26.7% of the patients, respectively, would not have received potentially curative treatment. The median overall and disease-free survival for patients with one BCLC contraindication factor were 43.3 and 15.1 months, respectively. The presence of two risk factors had a negative impact on overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS), although some patients had long-term survival. The only patient with the three risk factors had a poor outcome. Conclusions: Selected patients with one BCLC contraindication factor may undergo resection with good results, whereas those with two factors should be allocated for hepatectomy only in favorable scenarios. Patients with the three risk factors do not appear to benefit from resection.
  • article
    Complex Intrahepatic Lithiasis: A Case Report of Combined Treatment With Surgical Exploration of the Bilioenteric Anastomosis and Laser Lithotripsy by Cholangioscopy
    (2023) SANTOS, Marcos Eduardo Lera dos; SASSO, Joao Guilherme Ribeiro Jordao; FIGUEIRA, Estela R.; OLIVEIRA, Victor L. De; ARABI, Arthur Youssif Mota; MEIRA JUNIOR, Jose Donizeti; SILVA, Nathalia Camin Calixto Sarroche da; MOURA, Diogo Turiani De; JUKEMURA, Jose; MOURA, Eduardo Guimaraes De
    Intrahepatic lithiasis, or hepatolithiasis, is an endemic disease in southeast Asia, although, with immigration from Eastern countries, the incidence of this pathology is rising worldwide. The Latin American experience demonstrates morbidity and mortality compatible with other Western countries, but minimally invasive procedures are lacking. We demonstrate a case of a combined surgical and endoscopic approach for stone clearance.We present a case of a 47-year-old female patient with biliary enteric anastomosis to treat recurrent pyogenic cholangitis resulting from intrahepatic lithiasis. The patient was admitted to the emergency room, presented with a new episode of cholangitis, and submitted to transcutaneous hepatobiliary drainage. The multidisciplinary approach, including the endoscopic and surgical teams, successfully performed the stone clearance with laser lithotripsy and stone removal by open access. The postoperative period was uneventful, and the patient did not present any sign of recurrence after one year. A combined surgical and endoscopic approach achieved short-term clinical and technical success in this novel case. Moreover, individualizing cases requiring open surgical access is feasible, which allows a combined endoscopic approach with safety.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    (2023) TUSTUMI, Francisco; SZACHNOWICZ, Sergio; ANDREOLLO, Nelson Adami; SEGURO, Francisco Carlos Bernal da Costa; BIANCHI, Edno Tales; DUARTE, Andre Fonseca; NASI, Ary; SALLUM, Rubens Antonio Aissar
    BACKGROUND: Achalasia is an esophageal motility disorder, and myotomy is one of the most used treatment techniques. However, symptom persistence or recurrence occurs in 9 to 20% of cases. AIMS: This study aims to provide a practical approach for managing the recurrence or persistence of achalasia symptoms after myotomy. METHODS: A critical review was performed to gather evidence for a rational approach for managing the recurrence or persistence of achalasia symptoms after myotomy. RESULTS: To properly manage an achalasia patient with significant symptoms after myotomy, such as dysphagia, regurgitation, thoracic pain, and weight loss, it is necessary to classify symptoms, stratify severity, perform appropriate tests, and define a treatment strategy. A systematic differential diagnosis workup is essential to cover the main etiologies of symptoms recurrence or persistence after myotomy. Upper digestive endoscopy and dynamic digital radiography are the main tests that can be applied for investigation. The treatment options include endoscopic dilation, peroral endoscopic myotomy, redo surgery, and esophagectomy, and the decision should be based on the patient's individual characteristics. CONCLUSIONS: A good clinical evaluation and the use of proper tests jointly with a rational assessment, are essential for the management of symptoms recurrence or persistence after achalasia myotomy.
  • article
    (2023) TUSTUMI, Francisco; ANDREOLLO, Nelson Adami; AGUILAR-NASCIMENTO, Jose Eduardo de
  • article 21 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    (2023) TUSTUMI, Francisco; ANDREOLLO, Nelson Adami; AGUILAR-NASCIMENTO, Jose Eduardo de
    The field of medicine has always been at the forefront of technological innovation, Fabricio Ferreira COELHO3 , Paulo HERMAN3 constantly seeking new strategies to diagnose, treat, and prevent diseases. Guidelines for clinical practice to orientate medical teams regarding diagnosis, treatment, and prevention measures have increased over the years. The purpose is to gather the most medical knowledge to construct an orientation for practice. Evidence-based guidelines follow several main characteristics of a systematic RESUMO -Racmonal: O tratamento de escolha para pacientes com ipertensao portal review, including systematic and unbiased search, selection, and extraction of the source of evidence. esquistossomotica com sangramento de varizes e a desconexao azigo-portal mais In recent years, the rapid advancement of artificial intelligence has provided clinicians and patients esplenetomia (DAPE) associad a terapa endoscoica. Porem, estuds mostram aumento with access to personalized, data-driven insights, suport and new opportunities for healthcare do calibre das varizes em alguns pacientes durante o seguimento em longo prazo. Objetmvo: professionals to improve patient outcomes, increase efficiency, and reduce costs. One of the most Avaliar o impacto da DAPE e tratamento endoscopico pos-operatorio no comportamento exciting developments in Artificial Intelligence has been the emergence of chatbots. A chatbot is a computer program used to simulate conversations with human users. Recently, OpenAI, a research das varizes esofagicas e recidiva hemorragica, de pacientes esquistossomoticos. Metodos: organization focused on machine learning, developed ChatGPT, a large language model that Foram estudados 36 pacientes com eguimento superior a cinco anos, distribuidos em generates human-like text. ChatGPT uses a type of AI known as a deep learning model. ChatGPT dois grupos: qued a prssao portal abaixo de 30% e acima de 30% compaados com o can quickly search a nd select pieces of evidence through numerous databases to provide answers calibre das varizes esofagicas no pos-operatorio precoce e tardio alem do indice de recidiva to complex questions, reducing the time and effort required to research a particular topic manually. hemorragica. Resultados Consequently, language models can accelerate the creation of clinical practice guidelines. While there is no doubt that ChatGPT has the potential to revolutionize the way healthcare is delivered, esofagicas que, durante o seguimento aumentaram de calibre e foram controladas com it is essential to note that it should not be used as a substitute for human healthcare professionals. Instead, ChatGPT should be considered a tool that can be used to augment and support the work of o comportamento do calibre das varizes no pos-opeatorio precoce nem tardio nem os healthcare professionals, helping them to provide better care to their patients.
  • article 3 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    ChatGPT one year on: who is using it, how and why?
    (2023) GHASSEMI, Marzyeh; BIRHANE, Abeba; BILAL, Mushtaq; KANKARIA, Siddharth; MALONE, Claire; MOLLICK, Ethan; TUSTUMI, Francisco
    In just a year, ChatGPT has permeated scientific research. Seven scientists reveal what they have learnt about how the chatbot should - and shouldn't - be used.
  • article
    Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Tissue Acquisition Versus Fine Needle Aspiration for Diagnosis of Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma
    (2023) OMAIRI, Tarik W.; MICELLI-NETO, Otavio; TAGLIERI, Eloy; ARAUJO-FILHO, Jesse C. de; FARIA, Andressa Tome R. de; GOLDMAN, Suzan M.; SURJAN, Rodrigo Canada T.; MACHADO, Marcel A.; VENCO, Filadelfio E.; ARDENGH, Jose C.
    Objectives: Compare the 22G needle versus EchoTip ProCore & REG; 20 (Cook Medical, Bloomington, IN, USA) on their handling, specimen suitability, amount of tissue obtained, diagnostic performance, the possibility of immunohistochemistry, and rate of adverse events. Materials and methods: This is a retrospective, comparative study of consecutively examined patients with pancreatic masses who underwent endosonography-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) via the 22G needle, and endosonography-guided tissue acquisition (TA) via ProCore 20 (PC20). The operator evaluated needle insertion and subjectively classified the specimen. The pathologist measured the samples, classified the amount of tissue, and determined the influence of bleeding on the interpretation. Results: A total of 129 patients participated in the study, out of whom 52 underwent endosonographyguided FNA with 22G and 77 underwent endosonography-guided TA with a PC20 needle. Malignant lesions were found in 106, and 23 had benign lesions. The duodenal route was used in 62% of patients. The 22G needle was easier to introduce (p=0.0495). However, PC20 obtained a larger amount (p<0.01) with fewer punctures (p<0.001). The PC20 also yielded a larger average microcore diameter (p=0.0032). Microhistology was adequate for 22G and PC20 in 22 (42.2%) and 50 (78.1%) specimens, respectively (p<0.001). Bleeding was not significantly different (p>0.999). Immunohistochemistry was possible in 36 (69.2%) and 40 (51.9%) specimens obtained by 22G and PC20, respectively (p=0.075). The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy of 22G were 93.5%, 100%, 100%, 66.7%, and 94.2%, respectively; and for PC20, it was 95%, 100%, 100%, 85%, and 96.1%, respectively. Mild bleeding was the most common early adverse event, occurring in 2/52 (3.8%) 22G and 4/77 (5.2%) PC20 cases (p>0.05). Conclusions: The PC20 required fewer punctures and reduced the need for immunohistochemistry as it yielded better and larger microcores. Its ease of insertion into the target lesion makes it a good option to obtain satisfactory microcore specimens in difficult positions, such as the transduodenal route.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Thermal and chronological stability of monocyte distribution width (MDW), the new biomarker for sepsis (vol 60, pg e232, 2022)
    (2024) BORDIGNON, Jardel Cristiano; GARDONA, Rodrigo Galvao Bueno; VASCONCELLOS, Leonardo de Souza; IACHINSKI, Joslaine Schuartz; DAMBROS, Robbson Haugusto; ARRUDA, Gisele; REIS, Beatriz Castro; ABDALA, Edson
  • article 1 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Strongyloides infection screening in transplant candidates: What is the best strategy?
    (2023) GRYSCHEK, Ronaldo Cesar Borges; CORRAL, Marcelo Andreetta; SITTA, Renata Barnabe; GOTTARDI, Maiara; PIERROTTI, Ligia Camera; COSTA, Silvia Figueiredo; ABDALA, Edson; CHIEFFI, Pedro Paulo; PAULA, Fabiana Martins de
    Background: The potential that Strongyloides stercoralis infection has to cause major morbidity and high mortality when the disseminated form occurs in transplant patients is of particular concern.Methods: In this study, the objective was to observe S. stercoralis infection in patients who are candidates for transplantation by using parasitological, serological, and molecular techniques and to propose an algorithm for the detection of that infection in transplant candidates.Results: By parasitological techniques, 10% of fecal samples were positive. Anti-Strongyloides antibodies immunoglobulin G were detected in 19.3% and 20.7% of patients by immunofluorescence assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, respectively. S. stercoralis DNA was observed in 17.3% of samples by conventional polymerase chain reaction and 32.7% of samples by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR).Conclusion: The set of results allows us to reinforce that a positive result by parasitological techniques and/or qPCR indicates that the specific treatment should be applied. However, the improvement of diagnostic techniques may suggest changes in the screening for strongyloidiasis in these patients. image
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Pre-transplant multidrug-resistant infections in liver transplant recipients-epidemiology and impact on transplantation outcome
    (2024) LEMOS, Gabriela T.; TERRABUIO, Debora R. B.; NUNES, Nathalia N.; SONG, Alice T. W.; OSHIRO, Isabel C. V.; D'ALBUQUERQUE, Luiz Augusto C.; LEVIN, Anna S.; ABDALA, Edson; FREIRE, Maristela P.
    Background Cirrhotic patients are highly exposed to healthcare services and antibiotics. Although pre-liver transplantation (LT) infections are directly related to the worsening of liver function, the impact of these infections on LT outcomes is still unclear. This study aimed to identify the effect of multidrug-resistant microorganism (MDRO) infections before LT on survival after LT.Methods Retrospective study that included patients who underwent LT between 2010 and 2019. Variables analyzed were related to patients' comorbidities, underlying diseases, time on the waiting list, antibiotic use, LT surgery, and occurrences post-LT. Multivariate analyses were performed using logistic regression, and Cox regression for survival analysis.Results A total of 865 patients were included; 351 infections were identified in 259 (30%) patients, of whom 75 (29%) had >= 1 pre-LT MDRO infection. The most common infection was spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (34%). The agent was identified in 249(71%), 53(15%) were polymicrobial. The most common microorganism was Klebsiella pneumoniae (18%); the most common MDRO was ESBL-producing Enterobacterales (16%), and carbapenem-resistant (CR) Enterobacterales (10%). Factors associated with MDRO infections before LT were previous use of therapeutic cephalosporin (p = .001) and fluoroquinolone (p = .001), SBP prophylaxis (p = .03), ACLF before LT (p = .03), and days of hospital stay pre-LT (p < .001); HCC diagnosis was protective (p = .01). Factors associated with 90-day mortality after LT were higher MELD on inclusion to the waiting list (p = .02), pre-LT MDRO infection (p = .04), dialysis after LT (p < .001), prolonged duration of LT surgery (p < .001), post-LT CR-Gram-negative bacteria infection (p < .001), and early retransplantation (p = .004).Conclusion MDRO infections before LT have an important impact on survival after LT.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Study of laser fluorescence spectroscopy in livers of rats with hypothermic ischemia
    (2023) TSUGE, Allison Takeo; PEREIRA, Jaqueline de Jesus; VOLLET-FILHO, Jose Dirceu; KUBRUSLY, Marcia Saldanha; GALVAO, Flavio Henrique Ferreira; RIBEIRO, Orlando Nascimento; MORENO, Camila Rodrigues; IKEGAMI, Renata Nishiyama; CHAIB, Eleazar; SILVA, Orlando de Castro e
    Purpose: After partial hepatectomy (PH), the remaining liver (RL) undergoes regenerative response proportional to the host. Limited literature exists on hepatic viability after tissue injury during hypothermic preservation. Spectroscopy measures cellular fluorescence and is explored for tissue characterization and parameter investigation. This study aimed to assess fluorescence analysis (spectroscopy) in evaluating liver viability and its relationship with hepatic tissue regeneration 24 hours after PH. Additionally, we analyzed liver regeneration in RL after 70% partial hepatectomy under hypothermic conditions with laser irradiation. Methods: Fifty-six Wistar rats were divided into four groups: total non-perfused liver (control), total perfused liver, partial hepatectomy ""in situ"", and partial hepatectomy ""ex situ"". Tissue analysis was performed at 0 and 24 hours using spectroscopy with laser devices emitting at 532 (green) and 405 nm (violet). Results: Spectroscopy identified tissue viability based on consistent results with Ki67 staining. The fluorescence spectra and Ki67 analysis displayed similar patterns, linking proliferative activity and absorption intensity. Conclusion: Fluorescence spectroscopy proves to be promising for real-time analysis of cellular activity and viability. Metabolic activity was observed in groups of live animals and hypothermically preserved samples, indicating cellular function even under blood deprivation and hypothermic conditions.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Molecular Profile of Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma
    (2024) ANDRAUS, Wellington; TUSTUMI, Francisco; MEIRA JUNIOR, Jose Donizeti de; PINHEIRO, Rafael Soares Nunes; WAISBERG, Daniel Reis; LOPES, Liliana Ducatti; ARANTES, Rubens Macedo; SANTOS, Vinicius Rocha; MARTINO, Rodrigo Bronze de; D'ALBUQUERQUE, Luiz Augusto Carneiro
    Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is a relatively uncommon but highly aggressive primary liver cancer that originates within the liver. The aim of this study is to review the molecular profile of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and its implications for prognostication and decision-making. This comprehensive characterization of ICC tumors sheds light on the disease's underlying biology and offers a foundation for more personalized treatment strategies. This is a narrative review of the prognostic and therapeutic role of the molecular profile of ICC. Knowing the molecular profile of tumors helps determine prognosis and support certain target therapies. The molecular panel in ICC helps to select patients for specific therapies, predict treatment responses, and monitor treatment responses. Precision medicine in ICC can promote improvement in prognosis and reduce unnecessary toxicity and might have a significant role in the management of ICC in the following years. The main mutations in ICC are in tumor protein p53 (TP53), Kirsten rat sarcoma virus (KRAS), isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1), and AT-rich interactive domain-containing protein 1A (ARID1A). The rate of mutations varies significantly for each population. Targeting TP53 and KRAS is challenging due to the natural characteristics of these genes. Different stages of clinical studies have shown encouraging results with inhibitors of mutated IDH1 and target therapy for ARID1A downstream effectors. Fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) fusions are an important target in patients with ICC. Immune checkpoint blockade can be applied to a small percentage of ICC patients. Molecular profiling in ICC represents a groundbreaking approach to understanding and managing this complex liver cancer. As our comprehension of ICC's molecular intricacies continues to expand, so does the potential for offering patients more precise and effective treatments. The integration of molecular profiling into clinical practice signifies the dawn of a new era in ICC care, emphasizing personalized medicine in the ongoing battle against this malignancy.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Multivisceral transplantation of pelvic organs in rats
    (2023) GALVAO, Flavio Henrique Ferreira; ARAKI, Jun; FONSECA, Ana Bruna Salles; CRUZ JR., Ruy Jorge; LANCHOTTE, Cinthia; WAISBERG, Daniel Reis; CHAIB, Eleazar; NACIF, Lucas Souto; TRALDI, Maria Clara de Camargo; MELLO, Estrella Bianco de; ANDRAUS, Wellington; CARNEIRO-D'ALBUQUERQUE, Luiz
    Background: Multivisceral transplantation of pelvic organs would be a potential treatment for severe pelvic floor dysfunction with fecal and urinary incontinence, extensive perineal trauma, or congenital disorders. Here, we describe the microsurgical technique of multivisceral transplantation of pelvic organs, including the pelvic floor, in rats. Donor operation: We performed a perineal (including the genitalia, anus, muscles, and ligaments) and abdominal incision. The dissection progressed near the pelvic ring, dividing ligaments, muscles, external iliac vessels, and pudendal nerves, allowing pelvic floor mobilization. The aorta and vena cava were isolated distally, preserving the internal iliac and gonadal vessels. The graft containing the skin, muscles, ligaments, bladder, ureter, rectum, anus and vagina, uterus and ovarian (female), or penile, testis and its ducts (male) was removed en bloc, flushed, and cold-stored. Recipient operation: The infrarenal aorta and vena cava were isolated and donor/ recipient aorta-aorta and cava-cava end-to-side microanastomoses were performed. After pelvic floor and viscera removal, we performed microanastomoses between the donor and the recipient ureter, and the rectum and pudenda nerves. The pelvic floor was repositioned in its original position (orthotopic model) or the abdominal wall (heterotopic model). We sacrificed the animals 2 h after surgery. Results: We performed seven orthotopic and four heterotopic transplantations. One animal from the orthotopic model and one from the heterotopic model died because of technical failure. Six orthotopic and three heterotopic recipients survived up to 2 h after transplantation. Conclusion: The microsurgical technique for pelvic floor transplantation in rats is feasible, achieving an early survival rate of 81.82%.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    (2023) JUREIDINI, Ricardo; NAMUR, Guilherme Naccache; RIBEIRO, Thiago Costa; BACCHELLA, Telesforo; STOLZEMBURG, Lucas; JUKEMURA, Jose; RIBEIRO JUNIOR, Ulysses; CECCONELLO, Ivan
    BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy (MIDP) is associated with less blood loss and faster functional recovery. However, the benefits of robotic assisted distal pancreatectomy (RDP) over laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP) are unknown. AIMS: To compare RDP versus LDP for surgical treatment of benign lesions, pre-malignant and borderline malignant pancreatic neoplasias. METHODS: This is a retrospective study comparing LDP with RDP. Main outcomes were overall morbidity and overall costs. Secondary outcomes were pancreatic fistula (PF), infectious complications, readmission, operative time (OT) and length of hospital stay (LOS). RESULTS: Thirty patients submitted to LDP and 29 submitted to RDP were included in the study. There was no difference regarding preoperative characteristics. There was no difference regarding overall complications (RDP - 72,4% versus LDP - 80%, p=0,49). Costs were superior for patients submitted to RDP (RDP=US$ 6,688 versus LDP=US$ 6,149, p=0,02), mostly due to higher costs of surgical materials (RDP=US$ 2,364 versus LDP=1,421, p=0,00005). Twenty-one patients submitted to RDP and 24 to LDP developed pancreatic fistula (PF), but only 4 RDP and 7 LDP experienced infectious complications associated with PF. OT (RDP=224 min. versus LDP=213 min., p=0.36) was similar, as well as conversion to open procedure (1 RDP and 2 LDP). CONCLUSIONS: The postoperative morbidity of robotic distal pancreatectomy is comparable to laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy. However, the costs of robotic distal pancreatectomy are slightly higher.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Impact of liver cirrhosis, severity of cirrhosis and portal hypertension on the difficulty of laparoscopic and robotic minor liver resections for primary liver malignancies in the anterolateral segments
    (2024) ZHENG, Junhao; LIANG, Xiao; WU, Andrew G. R.; KABIR, Tousif; SCATTON, Olivier; LIM, Chetana; HASEGAWA, Kiyoshi; SIJBERDEN, Jasper P.; AGHAYAN, Davit L.; SIOW, Tiing Foong; DOKMAK, Safi; HERMAN, Paulo; MARINO, Marco V.; MAZZAFERRO, Vincenzo; CHIOW, Adrian K. H.; SUCANDY, Iswanto; IVANECZ, Arpad; CHOI, Sung Hoon; LEE, Jae Hoon; PRIETO, Mikel; VIVARELLI, Marco; GIULIANTE, Felice; RUZZENENTE, Andrea; YONG, Chee-Chien; YIN, Mengqiu; CHEN, Zewei; FONDEVILA, Constantino; EFANOV, Mikhail; MORISE, Zenichi; BENEDETTO, Fabrizio Di; BRUSTIA, Raffaele; VALLE, Raffaele Dalla; BOGGI, Ugo; GELLER, David; BELLI, Andrea; MEMEO, Riccardo; GRUTTADAURIA, Salvatore; MEJIA, Alejandro; PARK, James O.; ROTELLAR, Fernando; CHOI, Gi-Hong; ROBLES-CAMPOS, Ricardo; WANG, Xiaoying; SUTCLIFFE, Robert P.; PRATSCHKE, Johann; LAI, Eric C. H.; CHONG, Charing C. N.; D'HONDT, Mathieu; MONDEN, Kazuteru; LOPEZ-BEN, Santiago; KINGHAM, T. Peter; FERRERO, Alessandro; ETTORRE, Giuseppe Maria; CHERQUI, Daniel; CIPRIANI, Federica; SOUBRANE, Olivier; ZHANG, Wanguang; WAKABAYASHI, Go; TROISI, Roberto I.; CHEUNG, Tan-To; KATO, Yutaro; SUGIOKA, Atsushi; LONG, Tran Cong duy; LIU, Rong; EDWIN, Bjorn; FUKS, David; HILAL, Mohammad Abu; CHEN, Kuo-Hsin; ALDRIGHETTI, Luca; HAN, Ho-Seong; GOH, Brian K. P.
    Introduction: We performed this study in order to investigate the impact of liver cirrhosis (LC) on the difficulty of minimally invasive liver resection (MILR), focusing on minor resections in anterolateral (AL) segments for primary liver malignancies.Methods: This was an international multicenter retrospective study of 3675 patients who underwent MILR across 60 centers from 2004 to 2021.Results: 1312 (35.7%) patients had no cirrhosis, 2118 (57.9%) had Child A cirrhosis and 245 (6.7%) had Child B cirrhosis. After propensity score matching (PSM), patients in Child A cirrhosis group had higher rates of open conversion (p = 0.024), blood loss >500 mls (p = 0.001), blood transfusion (p < 0.001), postoperative morbidity (p = 0.004), and in-hospital mortality (p = 0.041). After coarsened exact matching (CEM), Child A cirrhotic patients had higher open conversion rate (p = 0.05), greater median blood loss (p = 0.014) and increased postoperative morbidity (p = 0.001). Compared to Child A cirrhosis, Child B cirrhosis group had longer post-operative stay (p = 0.001) and greater major morbidity (p = 0.012) after PSM, and higher blood transfusion rates (p = 0.002), longer postoperative stay (p < 0.001), and greater major morbidity (p = 0.006) after CEM. After PSM, patients with portal hypertension experienced higher rates of blood loss >500 mls (p = 0.003) and intraoperative blood transfusion (p = 0.025).Conclusion: The presence and severity of LC affect and compound the difficulty of MILR for minor resections in the AL segments. These factors should be considered for inclusion into future difficulty scoring systems for MILR.
  • article 3 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Propensity Score-Matching Analysis Comparing Robotic Versus Laparoscopic Limited Liver Resections of the Posterosuperior Segments An International Multicenter Study
    (2024) KRENZIEN, Felix; SCHMELZLE, Moritz; PRATSCHKE, Johann; FELDBRUEGGE, Linda; LIU, Rong; LIU, Qu; ZHANG, Wanguang; ZHAO, Joseph J.; TAN, Hwee-Leong; CIPRIANI, Federica; HOOGTEIJLING, Tijs J.; AGHAYAN, Davit L.; FRETLAND, Asmund A.; SIOW, Tiing Foong; LIM, Chetana; SCATTON, Olivier; HERMAN, Paulo; COELHO, Fabricio F.; MARINO, Marco V.; MAZZAFERRO, Vincenzo; CHIOW, Adrian K. H.; SUCANDY, Iswanto; IVANECZ, Arpad; CHOI, Sung Hoon; LEE, Jae Hoon; GASTACA, Mikel; VIVARELLI, Marco; GIULIANTE, Felice; VALLE, Bernardo Dalla; RUZZENENTE, Andrea; YONG, Chee-Chien; CHEN, Zewei; YIN, Mengqiu; FONDEVILA, Constantino; EFANOV, Mikhail; MORISE, Zenichi; BENEDETTO, Fabrizio Di; BRUSTIA, Raffaele; VALLE, Raffaele Dalla; BOGGI, Ugo; GELLER, David; BELLI, Andrea; MEMEO, Riccardo; GRUTTADAURIA, Salvatore; MEJIA, Alejandro; PARK, James O.; ROTELLAR, Fernando; CHOI, Gi-Hong; ROBLES-CAMPOS, Ricardo; WANG, Xiaoying; SUTCLIFFE, Robert P.; HASEGAWA, Kiyoshi; TANG, Chung-Ngai; CHONG, Charing C. N.; LEE, Kit-Fai; MEURS, Juul; D'HONDT, Mathieu; MONDEN, Kazuteru; LOPEZ-BEN, Santiago; KINGHAM, T. Peter; FERRERO, Alessandro; ETTORRE, Giuseppe M.; PASCUAL, Franco; CHERQUI, Daniel; ZHENG, Junhao; LIANG, Xiao; SOUBRANE, Olivier; WAKABAYASHI, Go; TROISI, Roberto I.; CHEUNG, Tan-To; KATO, Yutaro; SUGIOKA, Atsushi; DOKMAK, Safi; D'SILVA, Mizelle; HAN, Ho-Seong; NGHIA, Phan Phuoc; LONG, Tran Cong Duy; HILAL, Mohammad Abu; CHEN, Kuo-Hsin; FUKS, David; ALDRIGHETTI, Luca; EDWIN, Bjorn; GOH, Brian K. P.
    Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of robotic limited liver resections (RLLR) versus laparoscopic limited liver resections (LLLR) of the posterosuperior segments.Background: Both laparoscopic and robotic liver resections have been used for tumors in the posterosuperior liver segments. However, the comparative performance and safety of both approaches have not been well examined in the existing literature.Methods: This is a post hoc analysis of a multicenter database of 5446 patients who underwent RLLR or LLLR of the posterosuperior segments (I, IVa, VII, and VIII) at 60 international centers between 2008 and 2021. Data on baseline demographics, center experience and volume, tumor features, and perioperative characteristics were collected and analyzed. Propensity score-matching (PSM) analysis (in both 1:1 and 1:2 ratios) was performed to minimize selection bias.Results: A total of 3510 cases met the study criteria, of whom 3049 underwent LLLR (87%), and 461 underwent RLLR (13%). After PSM (1:1: and 1:2), RLLR was associated with a lower open conversion rate [10 of 449 (2.2%) vs 54 of 898 (6.0%); P=0.002], less blood loss [100 mL [IQR: 50-200) days vs 150 mL (IQR: 50-350); P<0.001] and a shorter operative time (188 min (IQR: 140-270) vs 222 min (IQR: 158-300); P<0.001]. These improved perioperative outcomes associated with RLLR were similarly seen in a subset analysis of patients with cirrhosis-lower open conversion rate [1 of 136 (0.7%) vs 17 of 272 (6.2%); P=0.009], less blood loss [100 mL (IQR: 48-200) vs 160 mL (IQR: 50-400); P<0.001], and shorter operative time [190 min (IQR: 141-258) vs 230 min (IQR: 160-312); P=0.003]. Postoperative outcomes in terms of readmission, morbidity and mortality were similar between RLLR and LLLR in both the overall PSM cohort and cirrhosis patient subset.Conclusions: RLLR for the posterosuperior segments was associated with superior perioperative outcomes in terms of decreased operative time, blood loss, and open conversion rate when compared with LLLR.
  • article 4 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    (2023) COELHO, Julio Cezar Uili; COSTA, Marco Aurelio Raeder da; ENNE, Marcelo; TORRES, Orlando Jorge Martins; ANDRAUS, Wellington; CAMPOS, Antonio Carlos Ligocki
    Acute cholecystitis (AC) is an acute inflammatory process of the gallbladder that may be associated with potentially severe complications, such as empyema, gangrene, perforation of the gallbladder, and sepsis. The gold standard treatment for AC is laparoscopic cholecystectomy. However, for a small group of AC patients, the risk of laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be very high, mainly in the elderly with associated severe diseases. In these critically ill patients, percutaneous cholecystostomy or endoscopic ultrasound gallbladder drainage may be a temporary therapeutic option, a bridge to cholecystectomy. The objective of this Brazilian College of Digestive Surgery Position Paper is to present new advances in AC treatment in high-risk surgical patients to help surgeons, endoscopists, and physicians select the best treatment for their patients. The effectiveness, safety, advantages, disadvantages, and outcomes of each procedure are discussed. The main conclusions are: a) AC patients with elevated surgical risk must be preferably treated in tertiary hospitals where surgical, radiological, and endoscopic expertise and resources are available; b) The optimal treatment modality for high-surgical-risk patients should be individualized based on clinical conditions and available expertise; c) Laparoscopic cholecystectomy remains an excellent option of treatment, mainly in hospitals in which percutaneous or endoscopic gallbladder drainage is not available; d) Percutaneous cholecystostomy and endoscopic gallbladder drainage should be performed only in well-equipped hospitals with experienced interventional radiologist and/or endoscopist; e) Cholecystostomy catheter should be removed after resolution of AC. However, in patients who have no clinical condition to undergo cholecystectomy, the catheter may be maintained for a prolonged period or even definitively; f) If the cholecystostomy catheter is maintained for a long period of time several complications may occur, such as bleeding, bile leakage, obstruction, pain at the insertion site, accidental removal of the catheter, and recurrent AC; g) The ideal waiting time between cholecystostomy and cholecystectomy has not yet been established and ranges from immediately after clinical improvement to months. h) Long waiting periods between cholecystostomy and cholecystectomy may be associated with new episodes of acute cholecystitis, multiple hospital readmissions, and increased costs. Finally, when selecting the best treatment option other aspects should also be considered, such as costs, procedures available at the medical center, and the patient's desire. The patient and his family should be fully informed about all treatment options, so they can help making the final decision.