Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/08

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A coleção de Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas engloba artigos originais, artigos de revisão, artigos de atualização, artigos técnicos, relatos de experiências, resenhas, ensaios, editoriais, cartas ao editor, debates, notas científicas e técnicas, depoimentos, entrevistas e pontos de vista. Consideram-se como artigos científicos originais os trabalhos redigidos para divulgação de informações e resultados sobre determinada pesquisa científica, publicados em periódico científico após avaliação por outros pesquisadores.


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  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Data-driven, cross-disciplinary collaboration: lessons learned at the largest academic health center in Latin America during the COVID-19 pandemic
    (2024) RITTO, Ana Paula; ARAUJO, Adriana Ladeira de; CARVALHO, Carlos Roberto Ribeiro de; SOUZA, Heraldo Possolo De; FAVARETTO, Patricia Manga e Silva; SABOYA, Vivian Renata Boldrim; GARCIA, Michelle Louvaes; KULIKOWSKI, Leslie Domenici; KALLAS, Esper Georges; PEREIRA, Antonio Jose Rodrigues; COBELLO JUNIOR, Vilson; SILVA, Katia Regina; ABDALLA, Eidi Raquel Franco; SEGURADO, Aluisio Augusto Cotrim; SABINO, Ester Cerdeira; RIBEIRO JUNIOR, Ulysses; FRANCISCO, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira; MIETHKE-MORAIS, Anna; LEVIN, Anna Sara Shafferman; SAWAMURA, Marcio Valente Yamada; FERREIRA, Juliana Carvalho; SILVA, Clovis Artur; MAUAD, Thais; GOUVEIA, Nelson da Cruz; LETAIF, Leila Suemi Harima; BEGO, Marco Antonio; BATTISTELLA, Linamara Rizzo; DUARTE, Alberto Jose da Silva; SEELAENDER, Marilia Cerqueira Leite; MARCHINI, Julio; FORLENZA, Orestes Vicente; ROCHA, Vanderson Geraldo; MENDES-CORREA, Maria Cassia; COSTA, Silvia Figueiredo; CERRI, Giovanni Guido; BONFA, Eloisa Silva Dutra de Oliveira; CHAMMAS, Roger; BARROS FILHO, Tarcisio Eloy Pessoa de; BUSATTO FILHO, Geraldo
    Introduction The COVID-19 pandemic has prompted global research efforts to reduce infection impact, highlighting the potential of cross-disciplinary collaboration to enhance research quality and efficiency.Methods At the FMUSP-HC academic health system, we implemented innovative flow management routines for collecting, organizing and analyzing demographic data, COVID-related data and biological materials from over 4,500 patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection hospitalized from 2020 to 2022. This strategy was mainly planned in three areas: organizing a database with data from the hospitalizations; setting-up a multidisciplinary taskforce to conduct follow-up assessments after discharge; and organizing a biobank. Additionally, a COVID-19 curated collection was created within the institutional digital library of academic papers to map the research output.Results Over the course of the experience, the possible benefits and challenges of this type of research support approach were identified and discussed, leading to a set of recommended strategies to enhance collaboration within the research institution. Demographic and clinical data from COVID-19 hospitalizations were compiled in a database including adults and a minority of children and adolescents with laboratory confirmed COVID-19, covering 2020-2022, with approximately 350 fields per patient. To date, this database has been used in 16 published studies. Additionally, we assessed 700 adults 6 to 11 months after hospitalization through comprehensive, multidisciplinary in-person evaluations; this database, comprising around 2000 fields per subject, was used in 15 publications. Furthermore, thousands of blood samples collected during the acute phase and follow-up assessments remain stored for future investigations. To date, more than 3,700 aliquots have been used in ongoing research investigating various aspects of COVID-19. Lastly, the mapping of the overall research output revealed that between 2020 and 2022 our academic system produced 1,394 scientific articles on COVID-19.Discussion Research is a crucial component of an effective epidemic response, and the preparation process should include a well-defined plan for organizing and sharing resources. The initiatives described in the present paper were successful in our aim to foster large-scale research in our institution. Although a single model may not be appropriate for all contexts, cross-disciplinary collaboration and open data sharing should make health research systems more efficient to generate the best evidence.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
  • article 3 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Olanzapine as an add-on, pre-operative anti-emetic drug for postoperative nausea or vomiting: a randomised controlled trial
    Postoperative nausea or vomiting occurs in up to 40% in patients with multiple risk factors, despite prophylaxis. Olanzapine is an antipsychotic drug that is used to prevent nausea and vomiting in palliative care and to treat chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. This study aimed to examine whether pre-operative olanzapine, as a prophylactic anti-emetic added to intra-operative dexamethasone, ondansetron and total intravenous anaesthesia, reduced the incidence of postoperative nausea or vomiting. We performed a multiply-blinded randomised controlled trial in patients aged 18-60 years with cancer at high risk of postoperative nausea or vomiting (three or four risk factors according to the Apfel criteria) plus a previous history of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. Patients were allocated at random to receive 10 mg olanzapine or placebo orally 1 h before surgery in addition to a two-drug regimen (dexamethasone and ondansetron) and propofol anaesthesia to prevent postoperative nausea or vomiting. The primary outcome was the incidence of postoperative nausea or vomiting in the first 24 h after surgery. In total, 100 patients were enrolled; 47 in the olanzapine group and 49 in the control group completed the study. The baseline characteristics of the groups were similar. The incidence of postoperative nausea or vomiting in the first 24 h after surgery was lower in the olanzapine group (12/47, 26%) than in the control group (31/49, 63%) (p = 0.008, RR 0.40 (95%CI 0.21-0.79)). Adding pre-operative oral olanzapine to intra-operative dexamethasone and ondansetron was highly effective in reducing the risk of postoperative nausea or vomiting in the first 24 hours after surgery in patients with a previous history of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting and at least three Apfel risk factors for postoperative nausea or vomiting.
  • article 18 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Noninvasive intracranial pressure waveforms for estimation of intracranial hypertension and outcome prediction in acute brain-injured patients
    (2023) BRASIL, Sergio; FRIGIERI, Gustavo; TACCONE, Fabio Silvio; ROBBA, Chiara; SOLLA, Davi Jorge Fontoura; NOGUEIRA, Ricardo de Carvalho; YOSHIKAWA, Marcia Harumy; TEIXEIRA, Manoel Jacobsen; MALBOUISSON, Luiz Marcelo Sa; PAIVA, Wellingson Silva
    Analysis of intracranial pressure waveforms (ICPW) provides information on intracranial compliance. We aimed to assess the correlation between noninvasive ICPW (NICPW) and invasively measured intracranial pressure (ICP) and to assess the NICPW prognostic value in this population. In this cohort, acute brain-injured (ABI) patients were included within 5 days from admission in six Intensive Care Units. Mean ICP (mICP) values and the P2/P1 ratio derived from NICPW were analyzed and correlated with outcome, which was defined as: (a) early death (ED); survivors on spontaneous breathing (SB) or survivors on mechanical ventilation (MV) at 7 days from inclusion. Intracranial hypertension (IHT) was defined by ICP > 20 mmHg. A total of 72 patients were included (mean age 39, 68% TBI). mICP and P2/P1 values were significantly correlated (r = 0.49, p < 0.001). P2/P1 ratio was significantly higher in patients with IHT and had an area under the receiving operator curve (AUROC) to predict IHT of 0.88 (95% CI 0.78-0.98). mICP and P2/P1 ratio was also significantly higher for ED group (n = 10) than the other groups. The AUROC of P2/P1 to predict ED was 0.71 [95% CI 0.53-0.87], and the threshold P2/P1 > 1.2 showed a sensitivity of 60% [95% CI 31-83%] and a specificity of 69% [95% CI 57-79%]. Similar results were observed when decompressive craniectomy patients were excluded. In this study, P2/P1 derived from noninvasive ICPW assessment was well correlated with IHT. This information seems to be as associated with ABI patients outcomes as ICP.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    The impact of obesity in hospitalized patients with COVID-19: a retrospective cohort study
    (2024) CARRA, Fabio Alfano; MELO, Maria Edna de; STUMPF, Matheo A. M.; CERCATO, Cintia; FERNANDES, Ariana E.; MANCINI, Marcio C.; HIROTA, Adriana; KANASIRO, Alberto Kendy; CRESCENZI, Alessandra; FERNANDES, Amanda Coelho; MIETHKE-MORAIS, Anna; BELLINTANI, Arthur Petrillo; CANASIRO, Artur Ribeiro; CARNEIRO, Barbara Vieira; ZANBON, Beatriz Keiko; PINHEIRO, Bernardo; BATISTA, Senna Nogueira; NICOLAO, Bianca Ruiz; BESEN, Bruno Adler Maccagnan Pinheiro; BISELLI, Bruno; MACEDO, Bruno Rocha De; TOLEDO, Caio Machado Gomes De; CARVALHO, Carlos Roberto Ribeiro De; MOL, Caroline Gomes; STIPANICH, Cassio; BUENO, Caue Gasparotto; GARZILLO, Cibele; TANAKA, Clarice; FORTE, Daniel Neves; JOELSONS, Daniel; ROBIRA, Daniele; COSTA, Eduardo Leite Vieira; SILVA JUNIOR, Elson Mendes Da; REGALIO, Fabiane Aliotti; SEGURA, Gabriela Cardoso; LOURO, Giulia Sefrin; MARCELINO, Gustavo Brasil; HO, Yeh-Li; FERREIRA, Isabela Argollo; GOIS, Jeison Oliveira; SILVA-JR, Joao Manoel Da; JUNIOR, Jose Otto Reusing; RIBEIRO, Julia Fray; FERREIRA, Juliana Carvalho; GALLETI, Karine Vusberg; SILVA, Katia Regina; ISENSEE, Larissa Padrao; OLIVEIRA, Larissa Santos; TANIGUCHI, Leandro Utino; LETAIF, Leila Suemi; LIMA, Ligia Trombetta; PARK, Lucas Yongsoo; NETTO, Lucas Chaves; NOBREGA, Luciana Cassimiro; HADDAD, Luciana Bertocco Paiva; HAJJAR, Ludhmila Abrahao; MALBOUISSON, Luiz Marcelo Sa; PANDOLFI, Manuela Cristina Adsuara; PARK, Marcelo; CARMONA, Maria Jose Carvalho; ANDRADE, Maria Castilho Prandini H.; SANTOS, Mariana Moreira; BATELOCHE, Matheus Pereira; SUIAMA, Mayra Akimi; OLIVEIRA, Mayron Faria de; SOUSA, Mayson Laercio; GARCIA, Michelle Louvaes; HUEMER, Natassja; MENDES, Pedro Vitale; LINS, Paulo Ricardo Gessolo; SANTOS, Pedro Gaspar Dos; MOREIRA, Pedro Ferreira Paiva; GUAZZELLI, Renata Mello; REIS, Renato Batista Dos; DALTRO-OLIVEIRA, Renato; ROEPKE, Roberta Muriel Longo; PEDRO, Rodolpho Augusto Moura; KONDO, Rodrigo; RACHED, Samia Zahi; FONSECA, Sergio Roberto Silveira Da; BORGES, Thais Sousa; FERREIRA, Thalissa; JUNIOR, Vilson Cobello; SALES, Vivian Vieira Tenorio; FERREIRA, Willaby Serafim Cassa
    Background Obesity is believed to be a risk factor for COVID-19 and unfavorable outcomes, although data on this remains to be better elucidated.Objective To evaluate the impact of obesity on the endpoints of patients hospitalized due to SARS-CoV-2.Methods This retrospective cohort study evaluated patients hospitalized at a tertiary hospital (Hospital das Cl & iacute;nicas da Faculdade de Medicina da USP) from March to December 2020. Only patients positive for COVID-19 (real-time PCR or serology) were included. Data were collected from medical records and included clinical and demographic information, weight and height, SAPS-3 score, comorbidities, and patient-centered outcomes (mortality, and need for mechanical ventilation, renal replacement therapy, or vasoactive drugs). Patients were divided into categories according to their BMI (underweight, eutrophic, overweight and obesity) for comparison porpoise.Results A total of 2547 patients were included. The mean age was 60.3 years, 56.2% were men, 65.2% were white and the mean BMI was 28.1 kg/m(2). SAPS-3 score was a risk factor for all patient-centered outcomes (HR 1.032 for mortality, OR 1.03 for dialysis, OR 1.07 for vasoactive drug use, and OR 1.08 for intubation, p < 0.05). Male sex increased the risk of death (HR 1.175, p = 0.027) and dialysis (OR 1.64, p < 0.001), and underweight was protective for vasoactive drug use (OR 0.45, p = 0.027) and intubation (OR 0.31, p < 0.003).Conclusion Obesity itself was not an independent factor for worse patient-centered outcomes. Critical clinical state (indirectly evaluated by SAPS-3) appears to be the most important variable related to hard outcomes in patients infected with COVID-19.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Stress Echocardiography Another Hilltop, and It Is Better Than Ever
    (2023) MATHIAS, Wilson; BIHAN, David Costa de Souza Le; HAJJAR, Ludhmila Abrahao
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Predictive Performance for Hospital Mortality of SAPS 3, SOFA, ISS, and New ISS in Critically Ill Trauma Patients: A Validation Cohort Study
    (2024) ROEPKE, Roberta Muriel Longo; BESEN, Bruno Adler Maccagnan Pinheiro; DALTRO-OLIVEIRA, Renato; GUAZZELLI, Renata Mello; BASSI, Estevao; SALLUH, Jorge Ibrain Figueira; DAMOUS, Sergio Henrique Bastos; UTIYAMA, Edivaldo Massazo; MALBOUISSON, Luiz Marcelo Sa
    Background: It is not known whether anatomical scores perform better than general critical care scores for trauma patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). We compare the predictive performance for hospital mortality of general critical care scores (SAPS 3 and SOFA) with anatomical injury-based scores (Injury Severity Score [ISS] and New ISS [NISS]). Methods: Retrospective cohort study of patients admitted to a specialized trauma ICU from a tertiary hospital in Sao Paulo, Brazil between May, 2012 and January, 2016. We retrieved data from the ICU database for critical care scores and calculated ISS and NISS from chart data and whole body computed tomography results. We compared the predictive performance for hospital mortality of each model through discrimination, calibration, and decision-curve analysis. Results: The sample comprised 1053 victims of trauma admitted to the ICU, with 84.2% male patients and mean age of 40 (& PLUSMN;18) years. Main injury mechanism was blunt trauma (90.7%). Traumatic brain injury was present in 67.8% of patients; 43.3% with severe TBI. At the time of ICU admission, 846 patients (80.3%) were on mechanical ventilation and 644 (64.3%) on vasoactive drugs. Hospital mortality was 23.8% (251). Median SAPS 3 was 41; median maximum SOFA within 24 h of admission, 7; ISS, 29; and NISS, 41. AUROCs (95% CI) were: SAPS 3 = 0.786 (0.756-0.817), SOFA = 0.807 (0.778-0.837), ISS = 0.616 (0.577-0.656), and NISS = 0.689 (0.649-0.729). In pairwise comparisons, SAPS 3 and SOFA did not differ, while both outperformed the anatomical scores (p < .001). Maximum SOFA within 24 h of admission presented the best calibration and net benefit in decision-curve analysis. Conclusions: Trauma-specific anatomical scores have fair performance in critically ill trauma patients and are outperformed by SAPS 3 and SOFA. Illness severity is best characterized by organ dysfunction and physiological variables than anatomical injuries.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Public and private fundraising as a tool for professional development: What is fundraising?
    (2023) ARTIFON, Everson Luiz de Almeida; MAGON, Mariana Goncalves; JR, Marcio Roberto Facanali; MONTERO, Edna Frasson de Souza
  • article 2 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Videolaryngoscopy in anesthesia and perioperative medicine: innovations, challenges, and best practices
    (2023) QUINTAO, Vinicius Caldeira; CARVALHO, Vanessa Henriques; COSTA, Luiz Guilherme Villares da; GERMANO-FILHO, Paulo Alipio; NASCIMENTO, Jose Carlos R.; LIMA, Rodeigo Moreira e; NUNES, Rogean Rodrigues; BRANDAO, Antonio Carlos; SCHMIDT, Andre P.
  • article 1 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Prevention of drug diversion and substance use disorders among anesthesiologists: a narrative review
    (2023) FITZSIMONS, Michael G.; SOUSA, Gabriel Soares de; GALSTYAN, Arpine; QUINTAO, Vinicius Caldeira; SIMOES, Claudia Marquez
    Diversion of substances from the care of the intended patient is a significant problem in healthcare. Patients are harmed by the undertreatment of pain and suffering, transmission of disease, as well as the risk associated with impaired vigilance. Healthcare providers may be harmed by the physical and mental impact of their addictions. Healthcare systems are placed in jeopardy by the legal impact associated with illegal routes of drug release including sanction and financial liability and loss of public trust. Healthcare institutions have implemented many measures to reduce diversion from the perioperative area. These efforts include education, medical record surveillance, automated medication dispensing systems, urine drug testing, substance waste management systems, and drug diversion prevention teams. This narrative review evaluates strengths, weaknesses, and effectiveness of these systems and provides recommendations for leaders and care providers. (c) 2023 Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Outcomes comparison between the first and the subsequent SARS-CoV-2 waves - a systematic review and meta-analysis
    (2023) CALDONAZO, Tulio; TREML, Ricardo E.; VIANNA, Felipe S. L.; TASOUDIS, Panagiotis; KIROV, Hristo; MUKHARYAMOV, Murat; DOENST, Torsten; JR, Joao M. Silva
    Background: In the beginning of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, health care professionals dealing with COVID-19 had to rely exclusively on general supportive measures since specific treatments were unknown. The subsequent waves could be faced with new diagnostic and therapeutic tools (e.g., anti-viral medications and vaccines). We performed a meta-analysis and systematic review to compare clinical endpoints between the first and subsequent waves.Methods: Three databases were assessed. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality. The secondary outcomes were intensive care unit (ICU) mortality, ICU length of stay (LOS), acute renal failure, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) implantation, mechanical ventilation time, hospital LOS, systemic thromboembolism, myocarditis and ventilator associated pneumonia.Results: A total of 25 studies with 126,153 patients were included. There was no significant difference for the primary endpoint (OR=0.94, 95% CI 0.83-1.07, p=0.35). The first wave group presented higher rates of ICU LOS (SMD= 0.23, 95% CI 0.11-0.35, p<0.01), acute renal failure (OR=1.71, 95% CI 1.36-2.15, p<0.01) and ECMO implantation (OR=1.64, 95% CI 1.06-2.52, p=0.03). The other endpoints did not show significant differences.Conclusions: The analysis suggests that the first wave group, when compared with the subsequent waves group, presented higher rates of ICU LOS, acute renal failure and ECMO implantation, without significant difference in in -hospital or ICU mortality, mechanical ventilation time, hospital LOS, systemic thromboembolism, myocarditis or ventilator-associated pneumonia.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Update in statistical analysis plan of the RENOVATE trial
  • article 1 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Trends in perioperative practices of high-risk surgical patients over a 10-year interval
    (2023) GOMES, Brenno Cardoso; LOBO, Suzana Margareth Ajeje; MALBOUISSON, Luiz Marcelo Sa; CHAVES, Renato Carneiro de Freitas; CORREA, Thiago Domingos; AMENDOLA, Cristina Prata; SILVA JUNIOR, Joao Manoel; BraSIS Res Grp
    IntroductionIn Brazil, data show an important decrease in morbi-mortality of high-risk surgical patients over a 10-year high. The objective of this post-hoc study was to evaluate the mechanism explaining this trend in high-risk surgical patients admitted to Brazilian ICUs in two large Brazilian multicenter cohort studies performed 10 years apart.MethodsThe patients included in the 2 cohorts studies published in 2008 and 2018 were compared after a (1:1) propensity score matching. Patients included were adults who underwent surgeries and admitted to the ICU afterwards.ResultsAfter matching, 704 patients were analyzed. Compared to the 2018 cohort, 2008 cohort had more postoperative infections (OR 13.4; 95%CI 6.1-29.3) and cardiovascular complications (OR 1.5; 95%CI 1.0-2.2), as well as a lower survival ICU stay (HR = 2.39, 95% CI: 1.36-4.20) and hospital stay (HR = 1.64, 95% CI: 1.03-2.62). In addition, by verifying factors strongly associated with hospital mortality, it was found that the risk of death correlated with higher intraoperative fluid balance (OR = 1.03, 95% CI 1.01-1.06), higher creatinine (OR = 1.31, 95% CI 1.1-1.56), and intraoperative blood transfusion (OR = 2.32, 95% CI 1.35-4.0). By increasing the mean arterial pressure, according to the limits of sample values from 43 mmHg to 118 mmHg, the risk of death decreased (OR = 0.97, 95% CI 0.95-0.98). The 2008 cohort had higher fluid balance, postoperative creatinine, and volume of intraoperative blood transfused and lower mean blood pressure at ICU admission and temperature at the end of surgery.ConclusionIn this sample of ICUs in Brazil, high-risk surgical patients still have a high rate of complications, but with improvement over a period of 10 years. There were changes in the management of these patients over time.
  • article 1 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Effect of restrictive cumulative fluid balance on 28-day survival in invasively ventilated patients with moderate to severe ARDS due to COVID-19
    (2023) TREML, Ricardo Esper; CALDONAZO, Tulio; HILTON FILHO, Pedro A.; MORI, Andreia L.; CARVALHO, Andre S.; SERRANO, Juliana S. F.; DALL-AGLIO, Pedro A. T.; RADERMACHER, Peter; JR, Joao Silva Manoel
    This study aimed to evaluate the effect of two restrictive cumulative fluid balance (CFB) trends on survival and on major clinical outcomes in invasively ventilated patients with moderate to severe respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) due to SARS-CoV-2. Prospective data collection was conducted on patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) originating from a tertiary university hospital. The primary outcomes were the risk association between the CFB trend during D0 to D7 and 28-day survival. The secondary outcomes were ICU mortality, in-hospital mortality, the need for invasive ventilation at D28, administration of vasoactive drugs at D7, time on invasive ventilation after D7, and length of ICU and hospital stay. 171 patients were enrolled in the study and divided according to their CFB trends during seven days of follow-up using model-based clustering [median CFB negative trend (n = 89) - 279 ml (- 664 to 203) and (n = 82) median CFB positive trend 1362 ml (619-2026)]. The group with CFB negative trend showed a higher chance of surviving 28-day in the ICU (HR: 0.62, 95% CI 0.41-0.94, p = 0.038). Moreover, this group had a reduced length of stay in the ICU, 11 (8-19) days versus 16.5 (9-29) days p = 0.004 and presented lower rates (OR = 0.22; 95% CI 0.09-0.52) of invasive ventilation after 28-days in the ICU. In patients invasively ventilated with moderate to severe ARDS due to COVID-19, the collective who showed a negative trend in the CFB after seven days of invasive ventilation had a higher chance of surviving 28 days in the ICU and lower length of stay in the ICU.
  • article 2 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    COVID-19 induces more pronounced extracellular matrix deposition than other causes of ARDS
    (2023) COSTA, Natalia de Souza Xavier; RIBEIRO JUNIOR, Gabriel; NASCIMENTO, Ellen Caroline Toledo do; BRITO, Jose Mara de; ANTONANGELO, Leila; FARIA, Caroline Silverio; MONTEIRO, Jhonatas Sirino; SETUBAL, Joao Carlos; PINHO, Joao Renato Rebello; PEREIRA, Roberta Verciano; SEELAENDER, Marilia; CASTRO, Gabriela Salim de; LIMA, Joanna D. C. C.; MONTEIRO, Renata Aparecida de Almeida; DUARTE-NETO, Amaro Nunes; SALDIVA, Paulo Hilario Nascimento; SILVA, Luiz Fernando Ferraz da; DOLHNIKOFF, Marisa; MAUAD, Thais
    BackgroundLung fibrosis is a major concern in severe COVID-19 patients undergoing mechanical ventilation (MV). Lung fibrosis frequency in post-COVID syndrome is highly variable and even if the risk is proportionally small, many patients could be affected. However, there is still no data on lung extracellular matrix (ECM) composition in severe COVID-19 and whether it is different from other aetiologies of ARDS.MethodsWe have quantified different ECM elements and TGF-beta expression in lung tissue of 28 fatal COVID-19 cases and compared to 27 patients that died of other causes of ARDS, divided according to MV duration (up to six days or seven days or more). In COVID-19 cases, ECM elements were correlated with lung transcriptomics and cytokines profile.ResultsWe observed that COVID-19 cases presented significant increased deposition of collagen, fibronectin, versican, and TGF-beta, and decreased decorin density when compared to non-COVID-19 cases of similar MV duration. TGF-beta was precociously increased in COVID-19 patients with MV duration up to six days. Lung collagen was higher in women with COVID-19, with a transition of upregulated genes related to fibrillogenesis to collagen production and ECM disassembly along the MV course.ConclusionsFatal COVID-19 is associated with an early TGF-beta expression lung environment after the MV onset, followed by a disordered ECM assembly. This uncontrolled process resulted in a prominent collagen deposition when compared to other causes of ARDS. Our data provides pathological substrates to better understand the high prevalence of pulmonary abnormalities in patients surviving COVID-19.
  • article 3 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Critical Closing Pressure and Cerebrovascular Resistance Responses to Intracranial Pressure Variations in Neurocritical Patients
    (2023) BRASIL, Sergio; NOGUEIRA, Ricardo de Carvalho; SALINET, Angela Salomao Macedo; YOSHIKAWA, Marcia Harumy; TEIXEIRA, Manoel Jacobsen; PAIVA, Wellingson; MALBOUISSON, Luiz Marcelo Sa; BOR-SENG-SHU, Edson; PANERAI, Ronney B.
    BackgroundCritical closing pressure (CrCP) and resistance-area product (RAP) have been conceived as compasses to optimize cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) and monitor cerebrovascular resistance, respectively. However, for patients with acute brain injury (ABI), the impact of intracranial pressure (ICP) variability on these variables is poorly understood. The present study evaluates the effects of a controlled ICP variation on CrCP and RAP among patients with ABI.MethodsConsecutive neurocritical patients with ICP monitoring were included along with transcranial Doppler and invasive arterial blood pressure monitoring. Internal jugular veins compression was performed for 60 s for the elevation of intracranial blood volume and ICP. Patients were separated in groups according to previous intracranial hypertension severity, with either no skull opening (Sk1), neurosurgical mass lesions evacuation, or decompressive craniectomy (DC) (patients with DC [Sk3]).ResultsAmong 98 included patients, the correlation between change (Delta) in ICP and the corresponding Delta CrCP was strong (group Sk1 r = 0.643 [p = 0.0007], group with neurosurgical mass lesions evacuation r = 0.732 [p < 0.0001], and group Sk3 r = 0.580 [p = 0.003], respectively). Patients from group Sk3 presented a significantly higher Delta RAP (p = 0.005); however, for this group, a higher response in mean arterial pressure (change in mean arterial pressure p = 0.034) was observed. Exclusively, group Sk1 disclosed reduction in ICP before internal jugular veins compression withholding.ConclusionsThis study elucidates that CrCP reliably changes in accordance with ICP, being useful to indicate ideal CPP in neurocritical settings. In the early days after DC, cerebrovascular resistance seems to remain elevated, despite exacerbated arterial blood pressure responses in efforts to maintain CPP stable. Patients with ABI with no need of surgical procedures appear to remain with more effective ICP compensatory mechanisms when compared with those who underwent neurosurgical interventions.
  • article 2 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    (2023) MAIA, Debora Rothstein Ramos; OTSUKI, Denise Aya; RODRIGUES, Camila Eleuterio; ZBORIL, Sabrina; SANCHES, Talita Rojas; NETO, Amaro Nunes Duarte; ANDRADE, Lucia; AULER, Jose Otavio Costa
    Background: Approximately 50% of patients with sepsis develop acute kidney injury (AKI), which is predictive of poor outcomes, with mortality rates of up to 70%. The endothelium is a major target for treatments aimed at preventing the complications of sepsis. We hypothesized that human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) could attenuate tubular and endothelial injury in a porcine model of sepsis-induced AKI. Methods: Anesthetized pigs were induced to fecal peritonitis, resulting in septic shock, and were randomized to treatment with fluids, vasopressors, and antibiotics (sepsis group; n = 11) or to that same treatment plus infusion of 1 x 106 cells/kg of hUC-MSCs (sepsis+MSC group; n = 11). Results: At 24 h after sepsis induction, changes in serum creatinine and mean arterial pressure were comparable between the two groups, as was mortality. However, the sepsis+MSC group showed some significant differences in comparison with the sepsis group: lower fractional excretions of sodium and potassium; greater epithelial sodium channel protein expression; and lower protein expression of the Na-K-2Cl cotransporter and aquaporin 2 in the renal medulla. Expression of P-selectin, thrombomodulin, and vascular endothelial growth factor was significantly lower in the sepsis+MSC group than in the sepsis group, whereas that of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B) was lower in the former. Conclusion: Treatment with hUC-MSCs seems to protect endothelial and tubular cells in sepsis-induced AKI, possibly via the TLR4/NF-kappa B signaling pathway. Therefore, it might be an effective treatment for sepsis-induced AKI.
  • article 2 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Can a Therapeutic Strategy for Hypotension Improve Cerebral Perfusion and Oxygenation in an Experimental Model of Hemorrhagic Shock and Severe Traumatic Brain Injury?
    (2023) BALZI, Ana Paula de Carvalho Canela; OTSUKI, Denise Aya; ANDRADE, Lucia; PAIVA, Wellingson; SOUZA, Felipe Lima; AURELIANO, Luiz Guilherme Cernaglia; MALBOUISSON, Luiz Marcelo Sa
    BackgroundRestoration of brain tissue perfusion is a determining factor in the neurological evolution of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and hemorrhagic shock (HS). In a porcine model of HS without neurological damage, it was observed that the use of fluids or vasoactive drugs was effective in restoring brain perfusion; however, only terlipressin promoted restoration of cerebral oxygenation and lower expression of edema and apoptosis markers. It is unclear whether the use of vasopressor drugs is effective and beneficial during situations of TBI. The objective of this study is to compare the effects of resuscitation with saline solution and terlipressin on cerebral perfusion and oxygenation in a model of TBI and HS.MethodsThirty-two pigs weighing 20-30 kg were randomly allocated into four groups: control (no treatment), saline (60 ml/kg of 0.9% NaCl), terlipressin (2 mg of terlipressin), and saline plus terlipressin (20 ml/kg of 0.9% NaCl + 2 mg of terlipressin). Brain injury was induced by lateral fluid percussion, and HS was induced through pressure-controlled bleeding, aiming at a mean arterial pressure (MAP) of 40 mmHg. After 30 min of circulatory shock, resuscitation strategies were initiated according to the group. The systemic and cerebral hemodynamic and oxygenation parameters, lactate levels, and hemoglobin levels were evaluated. The data were subjected to analysis of variance for repeated measures. The significance level established for statistical analysis was p < 0.05.ResultsThe terlipressin and saline plus terlipressin groups showed an increase in MAP that lasted until the end of the experiment (p < 0.05). There was a notable increase in intracranial pressure in all groups after starting treatment for shock. Cerebral perfusion pressure and cerebral oximetry showed no improvement after hemodynamic recovery in any group. The groups that received saline at resuscitation had the lowest hemoglobin concentrations after treatment.ConclusionsThe treatment of hypotension in HS with saline and/or terlipressin cannot restore cerebral perfusion or oxygenation in experimental models of HS and severe TBI. Elevated MAP raises intracranial pressure owing to brain autoregulation dysfunction caused by TBI.
  • article
    Sympathetic neural overdrive and diminished exercise capacity in reduced ejection fraction heart failure related to anthracycline-based chemotherapy
    (2023) RODRIGUES, Amanda G.; SALES, Allan R. K.; FARIA, Diego; FONSECA, Silvia M. R.; BOND, Marina M. K.; JORDAO, Camila P.; SOUZA, Francis R. de; BITTAR, Cristina S.; SANTOS, Marilia H. H. Dos; SARMENTO, Adriana O.; NEGRAO, Marcelo V.; HAJJAR, Ludhmila A.; NEGRAO, Carlos E.; KALIL FILHO, Roberto
    Cardiotoxicity is the most worrying cardiovascular alteration in patients treated with chemotherapy. To improve the understanding regarding the cardiotoxicity, we studied whether 1) patients with cardiac dysfunction related to anthracycline-based chemotherapy have augmented sympathetic nerve activity and decreased exercise capacity and 2) these responses are similar to those observed in patients with heart failure caused by other etiologies. Sixteen patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction related to anthracycline-based chemotherapy with or without chest radiation (HFrEFCA), 10 patients with heart failure with reduced ejection not related to cancer therapy (HFrEF), and 16 age- and body mass index (BMI)-matched healthy control subjects were studied. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF, echocardiography), peak oxygen consumption (peak (V)over dot(O2), cardiopulmonary exercise test), muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA, microneurography), and forearm blood flow (FBF, venous occlusion plethysmography) were measured. We found that peak oxygen consumption peak (V)over dot(O2) and LVEF were significantly reduced in patients with HFrEFCA compared with that of control subjects (P < 0.0001) but similar to those found in patients with HFrEFCA. The sympathetic nerve activity burst frequency and incidence were significantly higher in patients with HFrEFCA than that in control subjects (P < 0.0001). No differences were found between patients with HFrEF and HFrEFCA. Peak (V)over dot(O2) was inversely associated with MSNA burst frequency (r = -0.53, P = 0.002) and burst incidence (r = -0.38, P = 0.01) and directly associated with LVEF (r = 0.71, P < 0.0001). Taken together, we conclude that patients who develop heart failure due to anthracycline-based chemotherapy have sympathetic neural overdrive and reduced exercise capacity. In addition, these physiological changes are similar to those observed in patients with HFrEF.