(Fonte: Lattes)
Índice h a partir de 2011
Projetos de Pesquisa
Unidades Organizacionais
Departamento de Psiquiatria, Faculdade de Medicina - Docente
LIM/27 - Laboratório de Neurociências, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina - Líder

Resultados de Busca

Agora exibindo 1 - 10 de 259
  • article 23 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Body Mass Index Increase, Serum Leptin, Adiponectin, Neuropeptide Y and Lipid Levels during Treatment with Olanzapine and Haloperidol
    (2011) RAPOSO, N. R. B.; FERREIRA, A. S.; GATTAZ, W. F.
    Introduction: Body mass index (BMI) increase is an undesired effect associated with antipsychotics, and crucial for patients' global health and treatment compliance. We aimed to investigate the relation between BMI during olanzapine or halopericlol treatments and leptin, neuropeptide Y (NPY), adiponectin and lipid serum levels. Methods: In this 9-month, randomized and naturalist study, 34 male patients, 18 on olanzapine and 16 on haloperidol group were enrolled, all were under monotherapy. Patient outcome was evaluated with positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS) at every 3-month period. In each visit, BMI, leptin, NPY, lipid, olanzapine or haloperidol levels were also monitored. Results and Discussion: Leptin levels positively correlated with BMI in olanzapine (r = 0.64, p < 0.001) and haloperidol (r = 0.73, p < 0.001) groups; only in olanzapine patients, the former also correlated with PANSS score (r = 0.54, p < 0.05). NPY levels negatively correlated with olanzapine levels (r = -0.65, p < 0.01). Adiponectin levels had not significantly varied. Conclusion: Antipsychotics probably interfere on leptin and NPY signalling ways and disturb these hormones in eating behaviour control.
  • conferenceObject
    (2020) VALIENGO, Leandro; SERPA, Mauricio; ELKIS, Helio; BILT, Martinus Van de; LACERDA, Acioly; GATTAZ, Wagner; BRUNONI, Andre
  • conferenceObject
    Increased GDNF but not BDNF Plasma Levels in Type II Compared to Type I Bipolar Disorder
    (2013) ZANETTI, Marcus V.; TEIXEIRA, Antonio L.; CHAIM, Tiffany M.; SOUSA, Rafael T. de; TALIB, Leda L.; GATTAZ, Wagner F.; BUSATTO, Geraldo F.; MACHADO-VIEIRA, Rodrigo
    Background: The brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a neurotrophin important for synaptic plasticity and neurogenesis, whereas the glial cell-line derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) modulates the activity of monoaminergic neurons and glial cells. Previous works have suggested that abnormal peripheral levels of these proteins might relate to different mood states in bipolar disorder (BD), but none study so far have evaluated it with regard to potential differences between the types I (BD-I) and II (BD-II) subtypes of the disorder. Methods: Eighteen BD-I and 19 BD-II patients presenting with an acute mood episode (depressive, manic or mixed), and 23 healthy controls were studied. Plasma levels of BDNF and GDNF were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results: BD-II individuals showed significantly increased levels of GDNF compared to both BD-I patients and controls (ANOVA, df=2, F= 5.74, p=0.005; Tukey for post hoc comparisons). When we focused our analysis on the treatment-naïve patients only (14 BD-I and 13 BD-II), this result became even more significant (ANOVA, df=2, F= 7.33, p=0.002). No significant between-groups differences were observed on BDNF levels. Also, no significant correlation was observed between BDNF or GDNF levels and depressive and manic symptoms. Conclusions: BD-II at an acute phase of the illness is associated with increased plasma levels of GDNF. Previous use of mood stabilizer and antipsychotic agents might produce a chronic effect on GDNF production.
  • article 4 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Higher transcription alleles of the MAOA-uVNTR polymorphism are associated with higher seizure frequency in temporal lobe epilepsy
    (2019) VINCENTIIS, Silvia; ALCANTARA, Juliana; RZEZAK, Patricia; KERR, Daniel; SANTOS, Bernardo dos; ALESSI, Ruda; LINDEN, Helio van der; ARRUDA, Francisco; CHAIM-AVANCINI, Tiffany; SERPA, Mauricio; BUSATTO, Geraldo; GATTAZ, Wagner; DEMARQUE, Renata; VALENTE, Kette D.
    Background: There is evidence of an imbalance in the neuromodulatory system mediated by serotonin (5-HT) in patients with drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). This study analyzed the monoamine oxidase A promoter variable number of tandem repeats (MAOA-uVNTR) polymorphism in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (TLE-HS). Therefore, we assessed the association between this genetic variant and seizure predisposition and severity in patients with TLE-HS. Methods: One hundred nineteen patients with TLE-HS and 113 healthy volunteers were assessed. First, we genotyped all individuals for the MAOA-uVNTR genetic polymorphism. Second, we compared patients and controls and evaluated clinical variants of epilepsy. Results: There was no difference between the TLE-HS and control groups regarding genotypic and allelic distributions of MAOA-uVNTR polymorphism (p = 1.000). Higher transcription alleles of the MAOA-uVNTR were associated with higher seizure frequency (p = 0.032) and bilateral tonic-clonic seizures (p = 0.016). Conclusions: In a selected group of patients with TLE-HS, the polymorphism MAOA-uVNTR was associated with some aspects of epilepsy severity, namely seizure frequency and bilateral tonic-clonic seizures.
  • article 19 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Hippocampal serotonin depletion is related to the presence of generalized tonic-clonic seizures, but not to psychiatric disorders in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy
    (2015) FONSECA, Natascha C. da; JOAQUIM, Helena P. G.; TALIB, Leda L.; VINCENTIIS, Silvia de; GATTAZ, Wagner F.; VALENTE, Kette D.
    Objective: Previous studies suggest that concentration of serotonin ([5-HT]) plays a pathogenic role in various types of epilepsy inhibiting seizures. However, most have not considered the clinical variables of epilepsy, and all of these studies included small and heterogeneous samples with refractory epilepsy, regardless of etiology. In this work, we measured [5-HT]s in hippocampal tissues from a large series of patients with refractory temporal lobe epilepsy caused by hippocampal sclerosis who underwent epilepsy surgery and evaluated the relationship between [5HT] and epilepsy-related clinical variables and psychiatric disorders. Methods: We included 44 patients with refractory unilateral TLE-HS who underwent surgical treatment for epilepsy. Hippocampal samples were collected, and serotonin concentrations were measured with high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC). Results: Lower [5-HT]s were correlated with a history of GTC seizures (Student's t-test: p0.041). There were no differences in [5-HT]s according to the other clinical variables and the presence of psychiatric disorders. Significance: Our findings demonstrated that serotonin depletion in the hippocampus play an important role in some aspects of the severity of epilepsy (i.e., the presence of GTC seizures) in a homogeneous sample of patients with refractory temporal lobe epilepsy determined by hippocampal sclerosis, but not with the presence of psychiatric disorders.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
  • article 35 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Increased Brain Lactate During Depressive Episodes and Reversal Effects by Lithium Monotherapy in Drug-Naive Bipolar Disorder A 3-T H-1-MRS Study
    (2017) MACHADO-VIEIRA, Rodrigo; ZANETTI, Marcus V.; OTADUY, Maria C.; SOUSA, Rafael T. De; SOEIRO-DE-SOUZA, Marcio G.; COSTA, Alana C.; CARVALHO, Andre F.; LEITE, Claudia C.; BUSATTO, Geraldo F.; ZARATE JR., Carlos A.; GATTAZ, Wagner F.
    Objective: Mitochondrial dysfunction and energy metabolism impairment are key components in the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder (BD) and may involve a shift from aerobic to anaerobic metabolism. Measurement of brain lactate in vivo using protonmagnetic resonance spectroscopy (H-1-MRS) represents an important tool to evaluate mitochondrial and metabolic dysfunction during mood episodes, as well as to monitor treatment response. To date, very few studies have quantified brain lactate in BD. In addition, no study has longitudinally evaluated lactate using H-1-MRS during depressive episodes or its association with mood stabilizer therapy. This study aimed to evaluate cingulate cortex (CC) lactate using 3-T H-1-MRS during acute depressive episodes in BD and the possible effects induced by lithium monotherapy. Methods: Twenty medication-free outpatients with short length of BD (80% drug-naive) in a current major depressive episode were matched with control subjects. Patients were treated for 6 weeks with lithium monotherapy at therapeutic doses in an open-label trial (blood level, 0.48 +/- 0.19 mmol/L). Cingulate cortex lactate was measured before (week 0) and after lithium therapy (week 6) using H-1-MRS. Antidepressant efficacy was assessed with the 21-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale as the primary outcome. Results: Subjects with BD depression showed a significantly higher CC lactate in comparison to control subjects. Furthermore, a significant decrease in CC lactate was observed after 6 weeks of lithium treatment compared with baseline (P = 0.002). CC Lactate levels was associated with family history of mood disorders and plasma lithium levels. Conclusions: This is the first report of increased CC lactate in patients with bipolar depression and lower levels after lithium monotherapy for 6 weeks. These findings indicate a shift to anaerobic metabolism and a role for lactate as a state marker during mood episodes. Energy and redox dysfunction may represent key targets for lithium's therapeutic actions.
  • article 40 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Bcl-2 rs956572 Polymorphism is Associated with Increased Anterior Cingulate Cortical Glutamate in Euthymic Bipolar I Disorder
    (2013) SOEIRO-DE-SOUZA, Marcio Gerhardt; SALVADORE, Giacomo; MORENO, Ricardo Alberto; OTADUY, Maria Concepcion Garcia; CHAIM, Kalil T.; GATTAZ, Wagner F.; ZARATE JR., Carlos A.; MACHADO-VIEIRA, Rodrigo
    B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) is an important regulator of cellular plasticity and resilience. In bipolar disorder (BD), studies have shown a key role for a Bcl-2 gene single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs956572 in the regulation of intracellular calcium (Ca2+) dynamics, Bcl-2 expression/levels, and vulnerability to cellular apoptosis. At the same time, Bcl-2 decreases glutamate (Glu) toxicity in neural cells. Abnormalities in Glu function have been implicated in BD. In magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) studies, anterior cingulated cortex (ACC) Glu levels have been reported to be increased in bipolar depression and mania, but no study specifically evaluated ACC Glu levels in BD-euthymia. Here, we compared ACC Glu levels in BD-euthymia compared with healthy subjects using H-1-MRS and also evaluated the selective role of the rs956572 Bcl-2 SNP in modulating ACC Glu and Glx (sum of Glu and glutamine) in euthymic-BD. Forty euthymic subjects with BD type 1 and forty healthy controls aged 18-40 were evaluated. All participants were genotyped for Bcl-2 rs956572 and underwent a 3-Tesla brain magnetic resonance imaging examination including the acquisition of an in vivo PRESS single voxel (2 cm(3)) H-1-MRS sequence to obtain metabolite levels from the ACC. Euthymic-BD subjects had higher Glu/Cre (creatine) and Glx/Cre compared with healthy controls. The Bcl-2 SNP AA genotype was associated with elevated ACC Glu/Cre and Glx/Cre ratio in the BD group but not in controls. The present study reports for the first time an increase in ACC Glu/Cre and Glx/Cre ratios in BD-euthymia. Also, Bcl-2 AA genotype, previously associated with lower Bcl-2 expression and increase intracellular Ca2+, showed to be associated with increased ACC Glu and Glx levels in euthymic-BD subjects. The present findings reinforce a key role for glutamatergic system dysfunction in the pathophysiology of BD, potentially involving modulatory effects by Bcl-2 in the ACC. Neuropsychopharmacology (2013) 38, 468-475; doi:10.1038/npp.2012.203; published online 17 October 2012
  • conferenceObject
    Association between Childhood Adversity and Ultra-High Risk for Psychosis Status in a Populational Sample of Sao Paulo, Brazil
    (2017) LOCH, Alexandre; ALVES, Tania Maria; FREITAS, Elder Lanzani; HORTENCIO, Lucas; ANDRADE, Julio Cesar; BILT, Martinus Theodorus van de; FONTONI, Marcos Roberto; SERPA, Mauricio; CHIANCA, Camille; GATTAZ, Wagner Farid; ROESSLER, Wulf
  • article 3 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Chronic inhibition of brain phospholipase A(2) in adult rats impairs the survival of newborn mature neurons in the hippocampus
    (2015) SCHAEFFER, Evelin L.; GATTAZ, Wagner F.
    Adult neurogenesis occurs in the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) and lateral ventricles, and includes cell proliferation and neuronal differentiation, maturation and survival. In vitro studies suggest a role for phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) in neuronal differentiation/maturation and survival. This study aimed to investigate the effect of in vivo chronic inhibition of brain PLA(2) in adult rats on the number of newborn mature neurons in the DG. Male Wistar rats were injected with BrdU (cell proliferation marker) and 2 weeks later (beginning of neuronal maturation) sham-operated or infused intracerebroventricularly with either vehicle (DMSO in saline) or PLA(2) inhibitor (MAFP dissolved in the vehicle) for 14 days via osmotic minipump. The animals were euthanised 28 days post-BrdU and their brains immunostained for BrdU and BrdU plus NeuN (mature neuronal marker) for analysis of surviving cells. MAFP reduced the number of BrdU ? cells in the ventral DG (p < 0.05 vs. sham; p < 0.01 vs. DMSO) and the number of BrdU(+)NeuN(+) cells in the ventral (p < 0.01 vs. sham and DMSO) and whole DG (p < 0.02 vs. sham and DMSO). There was no effect of MAFP in the dorsal DG. These findings show that chronic PLA(2) inhibition in adult rat hippocampus decreases the number of newborn mature neurons in the ventral DG (reflecting in the whole DG), perhaps by impairing neuronal maturation and survival, and suggest that PLA(2) inhibition reported in the hippocampus of Alzheimer disease subjects might partly contribute to the neurogenic abnormalities found in the DG in this disease.