(Fonte: Lattes)
Índice h a partir de 2011
Projetos de Pesquisa
Unidades Organizacionais
Departamento de Neurologia, Faculdade de Medicina - Docente
Instituto Central, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina
LIM/15 - Laboratório de Investigação em Neurologia, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina
LIM/45 - Laboratório de Fisiopatologia Neurocirúrgica, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina

Resultados de Busca

Agora exibindo 1 - 10 de 339
  • article 2 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Primary Progressive Aphasia and Transient Global Amnesia
    (2012) NITRINI, Ricardo; HOSOGI-SENAHA, Mirna Lie; CARAMELLI, Paulo
  • article 3 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Performance of a sample of patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and healthy elderly on a lexical decision test (LDT) as a measure of pre-morbid intelligence
    (2015) SERRAO, Valéria Trunkl; BRUCKI, Sônia Maria Dozzi; CAMPANHOLO, Kenia Repiso; MANSUR, Letícia Lessa; NITRINI, Ricardo; MIOTTO, Eliane Correa
    Objective: The objective of this study was to describe the performance of healthy elderly patients with aging-related pathologies (MCI) and patients with AD on a lexical decision test. Methods: The study included 38 healthy elderly subjects, 61 MCI and 26 AD patients from the Neurology Department of the Hospital das Clinicas, Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology Group. The neuropsychological instruments included the episodic memory test (RAVLT), subtests from the WAIS-III (Matrix Reasoning and Vocabulary) to determine estimated IQ, the Boston naming test (BNT) and Lexical Decision Test (LDT).Results:All groups differed on the MMSE, as expected according to their pathologies, memory tests, naming and estimated IQ. For the vocabulary and the LDT - measures of crystalized intelligence no differences were found. Conclusion: The LDT demonstrated that lexical decision can be used as a measure of pre-morbid IQ among the individuals assessed in a Brazilian sample.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    The controversial Third Reich history of Hans Creutzfeldt: was he a supporter or just another adept of the ""hand washing policy""?
    (2021) CARRILHO, Paulo Eduardo Mestrinelli; NITRINI, Ricardo
    Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CUD) is a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy whose initial description is associated with two German authors, Alfons Maria Jakob and Hans Gerhard Creutzfeldt. As polemic as the issue about the Creutzfeldt's merit in the first description of the disease, is his history during the Third Reich. Some evidence pointed to the idea that he was essentially against the Nazi ideology, though some did not. He was an official member of the SS, but his own wife was convicted by a Nazi court. Some authors have argued that Creutzfeldt helped save many patients during Aktion T4 operation, but, in fact, he could have done more. Even during the post-war period, he sent a letter to authorities reporting the name of a Nazi physician who worked as a medical reviewer at the euthanasia court, but he did not proceed any further when his letter initially failed to start an investigation.
  • article 28 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Prevalence of transactive response DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) proteinopathy in cognitively normal older adults: systematic review and meta-analysis
    ObjectiveTo perform a systematic review and meta-analysis on the prevalence of transactive response DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) proteinopathy in cognitively normal older adults. MethodsWe systematically reviewed and performed a meta-analysis on the prevalence of TDP-43 proteinopathy in older adults with normal cognition, evaluated by the Mini-Mental State Examination or the Clinical Dementia Rating. We estimated the overall prevalence of TDP-43 using random-effect models, and stratified by age, sex, sample size, study quality, antibody used to assess TDP-43 aggregates, analysed brain regions, Braak stage, Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease score, hippocampal sclerosis and geographic location. ResultsA total of 505 articles were identified in the systematic review, and 7 were included in the meta-analysis with 1196 cognitively normal older adults. We found an overall prevalence of TDP-43 proteinopathy of 24%. Prevalence of TDP-43 proteinopathy varied widely across geographic location (North America: 37%, Asia: 29%, Europe: 14%, and Latin America: 11%). Estimated prevalence of TDP-43 proteinopathy also varied according to study quality (quality score >7: 22% vs. quality score <7: 42%), antibody used to assess TDP-43 proteinopathy (native: 18% vs. hyperphosphorylated: 24%) and presence of hippocampal sclerosis (without 24% vs. with hippocampal sclerosis: 48%). Other stratified analyses by age, sex, analysed brain regions, sample size and severity of AD neuropathology showed similar pooled TDP-43 prevalence. ConclusionsDifferent methodology to access TDP-43, and also differences in lifestyle and genetic factors across different populations could explain our results. Standardization of TDP-43 measurement, and future studies about the impact of genetic and lifestyle characteristics on the development of neurodegenerative diseases are needed.
  • article 38 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Evaluation of patients with Alzheimer's disease before and after dental treatment
    (2014) ROLIM, Thais de Souza; FABRI, Gisele Maria Campos; NITRINI, Ricardo; ANGHINAH, Renato; TEIXEIRA, Manoel Jacobsen; SIQUEIRA, Jose Tadeu T. de; CESARI, Jose Augusto Ferrari; SIQUEIRA, Silvia Regina Dowgan Tesseroli de
    Oral infections may play a role in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Objective: To describe the orofacial pain, dental characteristics and associated factors in patients with Alzheimer's Disease that underwent dental treatment. Method: 29 patients with mild AD diagnosed by a neurologist were included. They fulfilled the Mini Mental State Exam and Pfeffer's questionnaire. A dentist performed a complete evaluation: clinical questionnaire; research diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders; McGill pain questionnaire; oral health impact profile; decayed, missing and filled teeth index; and complete periodontal investigation. The protocol was applied before and after the dental treatment. Periodontal treatments (scaling), extractions and topic nystatin were the most frequent. Results: There was a reduction in pain frequency (p=0.014), mandibular functional limitations (p=0.011) and periodontal indexes (p<0.05), and an improvement in quality of life (p=0.009) and functional impairment due to cognitive compromise (p<0.001) after the dental treatment. Orofacial complaints and intensity of pain also diminished. Conclusion: The dental treatment contributed to reduce co-morbidities associated with AD and should be routinely included in the assessment of these patients.
  • article 31 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Low brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels in post-mortem brains of older adults with depression and dementia in a large clinicopathological sample
    (2018) NUNES, Paula Villela; NASCIMENTO, Camila Fernandes; KIM, Helena Kyunghee; ANDREAZZA, Ana Cristina; BRENTANI, Helena Paula; SUEMOTO, Claudia Kimie; LEITE, Renata Elaine Paraizo; FERRETTI-REBUSTINI, Renata Eloah de Lucena; PASQUALUCCI, Carlos Augusto; NITRINI, Ricardo; GRINBERG, Lea Tenenholz; YONG, Lionel Trevor; JACOB-FILHO, Wilson; LAFER, Beny
    Background: Disturbances in peripheral brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) have been reported in major depressive disorder (MDD). However, there are no studies measuring BDNF levels directly in post-mortem brains of older subjects with MDD and dementia. We aimed to verify if brain BDNF levels were lower in older adults with lifetime history of MDD with and without dementia. Methods: BDNF levels of post-mortem brains from 80 community-dwelling older individuals with lifetime MDD with and without dementia were compared with levels from 80 controls without lifetime MDD. Participants with no reliable close informant, or with prolonged agonal state were excluded. Lifetime MDD was defined as at least one previous episode according to the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM (SCID). Results: BDNF levels were lower in the MDD group with dementia than in participants with dementia and without MDD as confirmed by multivariate analysis adjusted for clinical and cardiovascular risk factors (beta = - 0.106, 95%CI = - 0.204; - 0.009, p = 0.034). No difference was found in the group with MDD without dementia compared with their controls. Limitations: The retrospective assessment of a lifetime history of depression may be subject to information bias and this study only establishes a cross-sectional association between lifetime history of MDD and lower levels of BDNF in patients with dementia. Conclusions: In this community sample of older individuals, lower brain BDNF levels were found in cases with both lifetime MDD and dementia. Low BDNF levels could be a moderator to accelerated brain aging observed in MDD with dementia.
  • bookPart
    Doença de Alzheimer
    (2021) TAKADA, Leonel Tadao; SMID, Jerusa; STUDART NETO, Adalberto; NITRINI, Ricardo
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Diagnóstico e manejo da demência da doença de Parkinson e demência com corpos de Lewy: recomendações do Departamento Científico de Neurologia Cognitiva e do Envelhecimento da Academia Brasileira de Neurologia
    (2022) PARMERA, Jacy Bezerra; TUMAS, Vitor; FERRAZ, Henrique Ballalai; SPITZ, Mariana; BARBOSA, Maira Tonidandel; SMID, Jerusa; BARBOSA, Breno José Alencar Pires; SCHILLING, Lucas Porcello; BALTHAZAR, Márcio Luiz Figueiredo; SOUZA, Leonardo Cruz de; VALE, Francisco Assis Carvalho; CARAMELLI, Paulo; BERTOLUCCI, Paulo Henrique Ferreira; CHAVES, Márcia Lorena Fagundes; BRUCKI, Sonia Maria Dozzi; NITRINI, Ricardo; CASTILHOS, Raphael Machado; FROTA, Norberto Anízio Ferreira
    ABSTRACT Parkinson’s disease dementia (PDD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) represent the second most common type of degenerative dementia in patients aged 65 years and older, leading to progressive cognitive dysfunction and impaired quality of life. This study aims to provide a consensus based on a systematic Brazilian literature review and a comprehensive international review concerning PDD and DLB. Moreover, we sought to report on and give recommendations about the best diagnostic approaches focusing on primary and secondary care. Based on the available data, we recommend clinicians to apply at least one brief global cognitive instrument to assess PDD, such as the Mini-Mental State Examination and preferably the Montreal Cognitive Assessment and the Addenbrooke’s Cognitive Examination-Revised. Validated instruments to accurately assess functional abilities in Brazilian PD patients are still incipient. Further studies should focus on biomarkers with Brazilian cohorts.
  • article 6 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Codon 129 polymorphism of prion protein gene in is not a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease
    (2013) SMID, Jerusa; LANDEMBERGER, Michele Christine; BAHIA, Valeria Santoro; MARTINS, Vilma Regina; NITRINI, Ricardo
    Interaction of prion protein and amyloid-b oligomers has been demonstrated recently. Homozygosity at prion protein gene (PRNP) codon 129 is associated with higher risk for Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. This polymorphism has been addressed as a possible risk factor in Alzheimer disease (AD). Objective:To describe the association between codon 129 polymorphisms and AD. Methods: We investigated the association of codon 129 polymorphism of PRNP in 99 AD patients and 111 controls, and the association between this polymorphism and cognitive performance. Other polymorphisms of PRNP and additive effect of apolipoprotein E gene (ApoE) were evaluated. Results: Codon 129 genotype distribution in AD 45.5% methionine (MM), 42.2% methionine valine (MV), 12.1% valine (VV); and 39.6% MM, 50.5% MV, 9.9% VV among controls (p>0.05). There were no differences of cognitive performance concerning codon 129. Stratification according to ApoE genotype did not reveal difference between groups. Conclusion: Codon 129 polymorphism is not a risk factor for AD in Brazilian patients.