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Projetos de Pesquisa
Unidades Organizacionais
Instituto de Radiologia, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina - Médico
LIM/44 - Laboratório de Ressonância Magnética em Neurorradiologia, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina

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  • article 1 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Nighttime Sleep Characteristics and White Matter Integrity in Young Adults
    (2022) REYES, Sussanne; RIMKUS, Carolina de Medeiros; LOZOFF, Betsy; ALGARIN, Cecilia; PEIRANO, Patricio
    Purpose: Sleep is essential for life and plays a key role for optimal physiology, brain functioning, and health. Evidence suggests a relation between sleep and cerebral white matter integrity. Human studies report that sleep duration shows a U-shaped association with brain functioning. We hypothesized that participants with longer or shorter sleep time in the nighttime period show altered microstructural white matter integrity.Participants and Methods: Seventy-three young adult participants were evaluated. Sleep-wake cycle parameters were assessed objectively using actigraphy. Diffusion tensor imaging studies were performed to assess white matter integrity using fractional anisotropy and mean, axial, and radial diffusivities. Relations between white matter microstructure indexes and sleep parameters were investigated through tract-based spatial statistics. Participants were grouped according to their nocturnal total sleep time: 27 in the Reference sleep group (6.5-8.0 h), 23 in the Short sleep group (<6.5 h) and 23 in the Long sleep group (>8.0 h).Results: Compared with the Reference sleep group, participants in the Long sleep group showed lower fractional anisotropy (p < 0.05) and higher radial diffusivity (p < 0.05) values in white matter tracts linked to sleep regulation (corona radiata, body of the corpus callosum, superior longitudinal fasciculus, and anterior thalamic radiation).Conclusion: This pattern of reduced fractional anisotropy and increased radial diffusivity in the Long sleep group indicates an association between sleep duration and lower integrity of myelin sheaths. Because myelin is continuously remodeled in the brain, nighttime sleep characteristics appear to be a key player for its quality and maintenance.
  • conferenceObject
    C-11-pib pet showed a distinct cerebrospinal fluid pattern in patients with progressive multiple sclerosis
  • article 7 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Clinical and MRI measures to identify non-acute MOG-antibody disease in adults
    (2023) CORTESE, Rosa; BATTAGLINI, Marco; PRADOS, Ferran; BIANCHI, Alessia; HAIDER, Lukas; JACOB, Anu; PALACE, Jacqueline; MESSINA, Silvia; PAUL, Friedemann; WUERFEL, Jens; MARIGNIER, Romain; DURAND-DUBIEF, Francoise; RIMKUS, Carolina de Medeiros; CALLEGARO, Dagoberto; SATO, Douglas Kazutoshi; FILIPPI, Massimo; ROCCA, Maria Assunta; CACCIAGUERRA, Laura; ROVIRA, Alex; SASTRE-GARRIGA, Jaume; ARRAMBIDE, Georgina; LIU, Yaou; DUAN, Yunyun; GASPERINI, Claudio; TORTORELLA, Carla; RUGGIERI, Serena; AMATO, Maria Pia; ULIVELLI, Monica; GROPPA, Sergiu; GROTHE, Matthias; LLUFRIU, Sara; SEPULVEDA, Maria; LUKAS, Carsten; BELLENBERG, Barbara; SCHNEIDER, Ruth; SOWA, Piotr; CELIUS, Elisabeth G.; PROEBSTEL, Anne-Katrin; YALDIZLI, Ozgur; MUELLER, Jannis; STANKOFF, Bruno; BODINI, Benedetta; CARMISCIANO, Luca; SORMANI, Maria Pia; BARKHOF, Frederik; STEFANO, Nicola De; CICCARELLI, Olga
    MRI and clinical features of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)-antibody disease may overlap with those of other inflammatory demyelinating conditions posing diagnostic challenges, especially in non-acute phases and when serologic testing for MOG antibodies is unavailable or shows uncertain results. We aimed to identify MRI and clinical markers that differentiate non-acute MOG-antibody disease from aquaporin 4 (AQP4)-antibody neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder and relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis, guiding in the identification of patients with MOG-antibody disease in clinical practice. In this cross-sectional retrospective study, data from 16 MAGNIMS centres were included. Data collection and analyses were conducted from 2019 to 2021. Inclusion criteria were: diagnosis of MOG-antibody disease; AQP4-neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder and multiple sclerosis; brain and cord MRI at least 6 months from relapse; and Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score on the day of MRI. Brain white matter T-2 lesions, T-1-hypointense lesions, cortical and cord lesions were identified. Random forest models were constructed to classify patients as MOG-antibody disease/AQP4-neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder/multiple sclerosis; a leave one out cross-validation procedure assessed the performance of the models. Based on the best discriminators between diseases, we proposed a guide to target investigations for MOG-antibody disease. One hundred and sixty-two patients with MOG-antibody disease [99 females, mean age: 41 (+/- 14) years, median EDSS: 2 (0-7.5)], 162 with AQP4-neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder [132 females, mean age: 51 (+/- 14) years, median EDSS: 3.5 (0-8)], 189 with multiple sclerosis (132 females, mean age: 40 (+/- 10) years, median EDSS: 2 (0-8)] and 152 healthy controls (91 females) were studied. In young patients (<34 years), with low disability (EDSS < 3), the absence of Dawson's fingers, temporal lobe lesions and longitudinally extensive lesions in the cervical cord pointed towards a diagnosis of MOG-antibody disease instead of the other two diseases (accuracy: 76%, sensitivity: 81%, specificity: 84%, P < 0.001). In these non-acute patients, the number of brain lesions < 6 predicted MOG-antibody disease versus multiple sclerosis (accuracy: 83%, sensitivity: 82%, specificity: 83%, P < 0.001). An EDSS < 3 and the absence of longitudinally extensive lesions in the cervical cord predicted MOG-antibody disease versus AQP4-neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (accuracy: 76%, sensitivity: 89%, specificity: 62%, P < 0.001). A workflow with sequential tests and supporting features is proposed to guide better identification of patients with MOG-antibody disease. Adult patients with non-acute MOG-antibody disease showed distinctive clinical and MRI features when compared to AQP4-neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder and multiple sclerosis. A careful inspection of the morphology of brain and cord lesions together with clinical information can guide further analyses towards the diagnosis of MOG-antibody disease in clinical practice. In a multicentre MAGNIMS study, Cortese et al. show that brain and cord lesion characteristics on conventional MRI, together with clinical features, can help differentiate non-acute MOG-antibody disease from AQP4-NMOSD and multiple sclerosis, aiding identification of non-acute patients for MOG antibody testing.
  • article 30 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Toxic Leukoencephalopathies, Including Drug, Medication, Environmental, and Radiation-Induced Encephalopathic Syndromes
    (2014) RIMKUS, Carolina de Medeiros; ANDRADE, Celi Santos; LEITE, Claudia da Costa; MCKINNEY, Alexander M.; LUCATO, Leandro Tavares
    Toxic leukoencephalopathies can be secondary to the exposure to a wide variety of exogenous agents, including cranial irradiation, chemotherapy, antiepileptic agents, drugs of abuse, and environmental toxins. There is no typical clinical picture, and patients can present with a wide array of signs and symptoms. Involvement of white matter is a key finding in this scenario, although in some circumstances other high metabolic areas of the central nervous system can also be affected. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging usually discloses bilateral and symmetric white matter areas of hyperintense signal on T2-weighted and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery images, and signs of restricted diffusion are associated in the acute stage. In most cases, the changes are reversible, especially with prompt recognition of the disease and discontinuation of the noxious agent. Either the MR or clinical features may be similar to several nontoxic entities, such as demyelinating diseases, leukodystrophies, hepatic encephalopathy, vascular disease, hypoxic-ischemic states, and others. A high index of suspicion should be maintained whenever a patient presents recent onset of neurologic deficit, searching the risk of exposure to a neurotoxic agent. Getting to know the most frequent MR appearances and mechanisms of action of causative agents may help to make an early diagnosis and begin therapy, improving outcome. In this review, some of the most important causes of leukoencephalopathies are presented; as well as other 2 related conditions: strokelike migraine attacks after radiation therapy syndrome and reversible splenial lesions.
  • article 4 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Asymptomatic MRI lesions in pediatric-onset AQP4-IgG positive NMOSD
    (2022) PAOLILO, Renata Barbosa; RIMKUS, Carolina de Medeiros; PAZ, Jose Albino da; APOSTOLOS-PEREIRA, Samira Luisa; CALLEGARO, Dagoberto; SATO, Douglas Kazutoshi
    Background and purpose: Around 5% of all Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorders (NMOSD) cases start before 18 years of age. Clinical and radiological manifestations of AQP4-IgG positive NMOSD were revised in 2015, and the importance of neuroimaging in the diagnosis is well recognized. Neuroimaging findings in pediatric-onset NMOSD were scarcely described, and longitudinal evaluation of NMOSD lesions was only accessed in a few adult-onset cohorts. Methods: This study evaluated brain, spinal cord, and optic nerve MRI of sixteen pediatric-onset AQP4-IgG positive NMOSD through a qualitative evaluation of lesion evolution. Lesions were classified as symptomatic or asymptomatic in acute or chronic phase (> 30 days from last attack) MRI.Results: Seventy MRI scans and 54 subsequent exams were evaluated. Most NMOSD lesions (74.5%) reduced, remained stable, or developed atrophy/cavitation. New brain lesions or enlargement of existing brain lesions were found in two patients (12.5%) without any clinical symptom and in five patients (31.2%) in the course of an attack from other topography (optic neuritis or acute myelitis). One patient (6.3%) presented an asymptomatic spinal cord lesion irrespective of clinical manifestation. No asymptomatic lesion was described in optic nerve MRI. In acute phase exams, longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (13/19 vs 8/24; p = 0.033), cervical myelitis (15/19 vs 10/24, p = 0.028), lumbar myelitis (5/19 vs 0/24; p = 0.012), and a higher number of segments [median 8 (range 4-17) vs 3.5 (range 1-14); p = 0.003] were affected.Conclusions: Asymptomatic brain and spinal cord lesions can occur in pediatric-onset NMOSD, especially in the course of acute optic neuritis or myelitis. More longitudinal studies are necessary to guide recommendations on neuroimaging frequency in pediatric patients with AQP4-IgG NMOSD.
  • conferenceObject
    Distinction of MS-cognitive profiles is associated with fatigue, anxiety and depression status and present different brain atrophy patterns
    (2022) RIMKUS, C. de Medeiros; AVOLIO, I. M. Bello; NUCCI, M. P.; PEREIRA, S. L. Apostolos; CALLEGARO, D.; SCHOONHEIM, M. M.; BARKHOF, F.; LEITE, C. da Costa
  • article 5 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Innate immune cells and myelin profile in multiple sclerosis: a multi-tracer PET/MR study
    (2022) PITOMBEIRA, Milena Sales; KOOLE, Michel; CAMPANHOLO, Kenia R.; SOUZA, Aline M.; DURAN, Fabio L. S.; SOLLA, Davi J. Fontoura; MENDES, Maria F.; PEREIRA, Samira L. Apostolos; RIMKUS, Carolina M.; BUSATTO, Geraldo Filho; CALLEGARO, Dagoberto; BUCHPIGUEL, Carlos A.; FARIA, Daniele de Paula
    Purpose Neuropathological studies have demonstrated distinct profiles of microglia activation and myelin injury among different multiple sclerosis (MS) phenotypes and disability stages. PET imaging using specific tracers may uncover the in vivo molecular pathology and broaden the understanding of the disease heterogeneity. Methods We used the 18-kDa translocator protein (TSPO) tracer (R)[C-11]PK11195 and [C-11]PIB PET images acquired in a hybrid PET/MR 3 T system to characterize, respectively, the profile of innate immune cells and myelin content in 47 patients with MS compared to 18 healthy controls (HC). For the volume of interest (VOI)-based analysis of the dynamic data, (R)[C-11]PK11195 distribution volume (VT) was determined for each subject using a metabolite-corrected arterial plasma input function while [C-11]PIB distribution volume ratio (DVR) was estimated using a reference region extracted by a supervised clustering algorithm. A voxel-based analysis was also performed using Statistical Parametric Mapping. Functional disability was evaluated by the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS), Multiple Sclerosis Functional Composite (MSFC), and Symbol Digit Modality Test (SDMT). Results In the VOI-based analysis, [C-11]PIB DVR differed between patients and HC in the corpus callosum (P = 0.019) while no differences in (R)-[C-11]PK11195 V-T were observed in patients relative to HC. Furthermore, no correlations or associations were observed between both tracers within the VOI analyzed. In the voxel-based analysis, high (R)-[C-11]PK11195 uptake was observed diffusively in the white matter (WM) when comparing the progressive phenotype and HC, and lower [C-11]PIB uptake was observed in certain WM regions when comparing the relapsing-remitting phenotype and HC. None of the tracers were able to differentiate phenotypes at voxel or VOI level in our cohort. Linear regression models adjusted for age, sex, and phenotype demonstrated that higher EDSS was associated with an increased (R)-[C-11]PK11195 V-T and lower [C-11]PIB DVR in corpus callosum (P = 0.001; P = 0.023), caudate (P = 0.015; P = 0.008), and total T-2 lesion (P = 0.007; P = 0.012), while better cognitive scores in SDMT were associated with higher [C-11]PIB DVR in the corpus callosum (P = 0.001), and lower (R)-[C-11]PK11195 V-T (P = 0.013). Conclusions Widespread innate immune cells profile and marked loss of myelin in T-2 lesions and regions close to the ventricles may occur independently and are associated with disability, in both WM and GM structures.
  • conferenceObject
    Exploring the association between iron rims in MS lesions, mood disorders, fatigue and cognition
    (2022) NUNES, D.; PEREIRA, S.; CALLEGARO, D.; AVOLIO, I.; MENDES, M.; SILVA, G.; SILVA, T. da; TIEPPO, E.; ARAUJO, R. de; UCHOA, L.; SILVA, C. da; RIMKUS, C. de Medeiros
  • conferenceObject
    Neuroimaging profile in pediatric Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorders (NMOSD)
    (2017) PAOLILO, R.; RIMKUS, C. D. M.; PAZ, J. A.; APOSTOLOS-PEREIRA, S. L.; ARAUJO, A. L. P. C.; GOMES, A. B.; VENTURA, L. M. Gomes De Brito; PITOMBEIRA, M. S.; MATOS, A. D. M. B.; REED, U. C.; CALLEGARO, D.; SATO, D. K.
  • article 12 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Drug-related demyelinating syndromes: understanding risk factors, pathophysiological mechanisms and magnetic resonance imaging findings
    (2021) RIMKUS, Carolina M.; SCHOEPS, Vinicius Andreoli; BOAVENTURA, Mateus; GODOY, Luis Filipe; APOSTOLOS-PEREIRA, Samira Luisa; CALICH, Ana Luisa; CALLEGARO, Dagoberto; LUCATO, Leandro Tavares; ROVIRA, Alex; SASTRE-GARRIGA, Jaume; LEITE, Claudia da Costa
    Some drugs and medications can precipitate immune system deregulations, which might be confused with recurrent demyelinating diseases, such as multiple sclerosis (MS) and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMO), exacerbations of an existing disease, neoplastic lesions or other conditions. In this narrative review we describe some of the most relevant drugs and medications associated with iatrogenic demyelination. The anthelminthic agent levamisole is a frequent cocaine adulterant and can precipitate an exacerbated immune response attacking the central nervous system (CNS). High-efficacy multiple sclerosis (MS) drugs might induce a selective CNS immunosuppression, making it susceptible for opportunistic infections that course with demye-lination, such as progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. Sometimes, the interruption of a high-efficacy drug to treat MS can induce a rapid CNS reentry of lymphocytes, exacerbating demyelinating processes and triggering rebound syndromes. Furthermore, selective cytokines inhibition, such as anti-TNF alpha agents, might induce an imbalance between cell death and proliferation inducing a paradoxical increase of CNS tumor necrosis factor (TNF), affecting the activity of lymphocytes, microglia and macrophages, triggering aberrant inflammation and demyelination. Immune checkpoint inhibitors are a new class of antineoplastic drugs that enhance the immune response against tumor cells by an upregulation of T-cell activity. However, this hyperactivation of the immune system might be associated with induction of unwanted autoimmune responses. In this paper we review the risk factors, the possible pathological mechanisms and the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of these drug-related demyelinating syndromes.