Índice h a partir de 2011
Projetos de Pesquisa
Unidades Organizacionais
Instituto Central, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina
LIM/03 - Laboratório de Medicina Laboratorial, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina

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  • article 67 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stromal cells protect against premature renal senescence resulting from oxidative stress in rats with acute kidney injury
    (2017) RODRIGUES, Camila Eleuterio; CAPCHA, Jose Manuel Condor; BRAGANCA, Ana Carolina de; SANCHES, Talita Rojas; GOUVEIA, Priscila Queiroz; OLIVEIRA, Patricia Aparecida Ferreira de; MALHEIROS, Denise Maria Avancini Costa; VOLPINI, Rildo Aparecido; SANTINHO, Mirela Aparecida Rodrigues; SANTANA, Barbara Amelia Aparecida; CALADO, Rodrigo do Tocantins; NORONHA, Irene de Lourdes; ANDRADE, Lucia
    Background: Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) represent an option for the treatment of acute kidney injury (AKI). It is known that young stem cells are better than are aged stem cells at reducing the incidence of the senescent phenotype in the kidneys. The objective of this study was to determine whether AKI leads to premature, stress-induced senescence, as well as whether human umbilical cord-derived MSCs (huMSCs) can prevent ischaemia/reperfusion injury (IRI)-induced renal senescence in rats. Methods: By clamping both renal arteries for 45 min, we induced IRI in male rats. Six hours later, some rats received 1 x 10(6) huMSCs or human adipose-derived MSCs (aMSCs) intraperitoneally. Rats were euthanised and studied on post-IRI days 2, 7 and 49. Results: On post-IRI day 2, the kidneys of huMSC-treated rats showed improved glomerular filtration, better tubular function and higher expression of aquaporin 2, as well as less macrophage infiltration. Senescence-related proteins (beta-galactosidase, p21Waf1/Cip1, p16INK4a and transforming growth factor beta 1) andmicroRNAs (miR-29a and miR-34a) were overexpressed after IRI and subsequently downregulated by the treatment. The IRI-induced pro-oxidative state and reduction in Klotho expression were both reversed by the treatment. In comparison with huMSC treatment, the treatment with aMSCs improved renal function to a lesser degree, as well as resulting in a less pronounced increase in the renal expression of Klotho and manganese superoxide dismutase. Treatment with huMSCs ameliorated long-term kidney function after IRI, minimised renal fibrosis, decreased beta-galactosidase expression and increased the expression of Klotho. Conclusions: Our data demonstrate that huMSCs attenuate the inflammatory and oxidative stress responses occurring in AKI, as well as reducing the expression of senescence-related proteins and microRNAs. Our findings broaden perspectives for the treatment of AKI.
  • article 2 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Cell activation state influences the modulation of HLA-DR surface expression on human monocytes/macrophages by parenteral fish oil lipid emulsion
    Abnormal surface expression of HLA-DR by leukocytes is associated with a poor prognosis in critical care patients. Critical care patients often receive total parenteral nutrition with lipid emulsion (LE). In this study we evaluated the influence of fish oil LE (FO) on human monocyte/macrophage (M phi) expression of surface HLA-DR under distinct activation states. Mononuclear leukocytes from the peripheral blood of healthy volunteers (n=18) were cultured for 24 hours without LE (control) or with 3 different concentrations (0.1, 0.25, and 0.5%) of the follow LE: a) pure FO b) FO in association (1:1-v/v) with LE composed of 50% medium-chain trygliceride and 50% soybean oil (MCTSO), and c) pure MCTSO. The leukocytes were also submitted to different cell activation states, as determinate by INF-g addition time: no INF-gamma addition, 18 hours before, or at the time of LE addition. HLA-DR expression on MO surface was evaluated by flow cytometry using specific monoclonal antibodies. In relation to controls (for 0.1%, 0.25%, and 05%: 100) FO decreased the expression of HLA-DR when added alone in simultaneously-activated M., for 0.1%: 70 (59 +/- 73); for 0.25%: 51 (48 +/- 56); and for 05%: 52.5 (50 +/- 58)1 or in association with MCTSO [in simultaneously-activated MO, for 0.1%: 50.5 (47 +/- 61); for 25%: 49 (45 +/- 52); and for 0.5%: 51 (44 54) and in previously-activated Mf, for 1.0%: 63 (44 +/- 88); for 0.25%: 70 (41 +/- 88); and for 0.5%: 59.5 (39 +/- 79)1 in culture medium (Friedman p < 0.05). In relation to controls (for 0.1%, 0.25%, and 0.5%: 100), FO did not influence the expression of these molecules on non-activated M phi [for 0.1%: 87.5(75 +/- 93); for 0.25%: 111 (98 +/- 118); and for 0.5%: 101.5 (84 +/- 113)]. Results show that parenteral FO modulates the expression of HLA-DR on human MO surface accordingly to leukocyte activation state. Further clinical studies evaluating the ideal moment of fish oil LE infusion to modulate leukocyte functions may contribute to a better understanding of its immune modulatory properties.