(Fonte: Lattes)
Índice h a partir de 2011
Projetos de Pesquisa
Unidades Organizacionais
Departamento de Radiologia, Faculdade de Medicina - Docente
Instituto do Coração, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina - Médico

Resultados de Busca

Agora exibindo 1 - 10 de 25
  • article 9 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Contribution of audiovestibular tests to the topographic diagnosis of sudden deafness
    (2013) OITICICA, Jeanne; BITTAR, Roseli Saraiva Moreira; CASTRO, Claudio Campi de; GRASEL, Signe; PEREIRA, Larissa Vilela; BASTOS, Sandra Lira; RAMOS, Alice Carolina Mataruco; BECK, Roberto
    INTRODUCTION: Sudden hearing loss (SHL) is an ENT emergency defined as sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) > 30 dB HL affecting at least 3 consecutive tonal frequencies, showing a sudden onset, and occurring within 3 days. In cases of SHL, a detailed investigation should be performed in order to determine the etiology and provide the best treatment. Otoacoustic emission (OAE) analysis, electronystagmography (ENG), bithermal caloric test (BCT), and vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) assessments may be used in addition to a number of auxiliary methods to determine the topographic diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the contribution of OAE analysis, BCT, VEMP assessment, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to the topographic diagnosis of SHL. METHOD: Cross-sectional and retrospective studies of 21 patients with SHL, as defined above, were performed. The patients underwent the following exams: audiometry, tympanometry, OAE analysis, BCT, VEMP assessment, and MRI. Sex, affected side, degree of hearing loss, and cochleovestibular test results were described and correlated with MRI findings. Student's t-test was used for analysis of qualitative variables (p < 0.05). RESULTS: The mean age of the 21 patients assessed was 52.5 ± 15.3 years; 13 (61.9%) were women and 8 (38.1%) were men. Most (55%) had severe hearing loss. MRI changes were found in 20% of the cases. When the audiovestibular test results were added to the MRI findings, the topographic SHL diagnosis rate increased from 20% to 45%. CONCLUSION: Only combined analysis via several examinations provides a precise topographic diagnosis. Isolated data do not provide sufficient evidence to establish the extent of involvement and, hence, a possible etiology.
  • article 95 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Patterns of regional gray matter loss at different stages of schizophrenia: A multisite, cross-sectional VBM study in first-episode and chronic illness
    (2016) TORRES, Ulysses S.; DURAN, Fabio L. S.; SCHAUFELBERGER, Maristela S.; CRIPPA, Jose A. S.; LOUZA, Mario R.; SALLET, Paulo C.; KANEGUSUKU, Caroline Y. O.; ELKIS, Helio; GATTAZ, Wagner F.; BASSITT, Debora P.; ZUARDI, AntonioW.; HALLAK, Jaime Eduardo C.; LEITE, Claudia C.; CASTRO, Claudio C.; SANTOS, Antonio Carlos; MURRAY, Robin M.; BUSATTO, Geraldo F.
    Background: Structural brain abnormalities in schizophrenia have been repeatedly demonstrated in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies, but it remains unclear whether these are static or progressive in nature. While longitudinalMRI studies have been traditionally used to assess the issue of progression of brain abnormalities in schizophrenia, information from cross-sectional neuroimaging studies directly comparing first-episode and chronic schizophrenia patients to healthy controls may also be useful to further clarify this issue. With the recent interest in multisite mega-analyses combining structural MRI data from multiple centers aiming at increased statistical power, the present multisite voxel-basedmorphometry (VBM) studywas carried out to examine patterns of brain structural changes according to the different stages of illness and to ascertainwhich (if any) of such structural abnormalities would be specifically correlated to potential clinical moderators, including cumulative exposure to antipsychotics, age of onset, illness duration and overall illness severity. Methods: Wegathered a large sample of schizophrenia patients (161, being 99 chronic and 62 first-episode) and controls (151) fromfour previousmorphometricMRI studies (1.5 T) carried out in the same geographical region of Brazil. Image processing and analyses were conducted using Statistical Parametric Mapping (SPM8) software with the diffeomorphic anatomical registration through exponentiated Lie algebra (DARTEL) algorithm. Group effects on regional gray matter (GM) volumes were investigated through whole-brain voxel-wise comparisons using General LinearModel Analysis of Co-variance (ANCOVA), always including total GMvolume, scan protocol, age and gender as nuisance variables. Finally, correlation analyseswere performed between the aforementioned clinical moderators and regional and global brain volumes. Results: First-episode schizophrenia subjects displayed subtle volumetric deficits relative to controls in a circumscribed brain regional network identified only in small volume-corrected (SVC) analyses (p < 0.05, FWE-corrected), including the insula, temporolimbic structures and striatum. Chronic schizophrenia patients, on the other hand, demonstrated an extensive pattern of regional GM volume decreases relative to controls, involving bilateral superior, inferior and orbital frontal cortices, right middle frontal cortex, bilateral anterior cingulate cortices, bilateral insulae and right superior and middle temporal cortices (p < 0.05, FWE-corrected over the whole brain). GM volumes in several of those brain regionswere directly correlated with age of disease onset on SVC analyses for conjoined (first-episode and chronic) schizophrenia groups. There were also widespread foci of significant negative correlation between duration of illness and relative GM volumes, but such findings remained significant only for the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex after accounting for the influence of age of disease onset. Finally, significant negative correlations were detected between life-time cumulative exposure to antipsychotics and total GM and white matter volumes in schizophrenia patients, but no significant relationship was found between indices of antipsychotic usage and relative GM volume in any specific brain region. Conclusion: The above data indicate that brain changes associated with the diagnosis of schizophrenia are more widespread in chronic schizophrenia compared to first-episode patients. Our findings also suggest that relative GM volume deficits may be greater in (presumably more severe) cases with earlier age of onset, as well as varying as a function of illness duration in specific frontal brain regions. Finally, our results highlight the potentially complex effects of the continued use of antipsychotic drugs on structural brain abnormalities in schizophrenia, as we found that cumulative doses of antipsychotics affected brain volumes globally rather than selectively on frontal-temporal regions. (C) 2016 The Authors.
  • conferenceObject
    Clinical Features and Penetrance of Pheochromocytoma in a Large Family with a Germline TMEM127 Mutation
    (2014) LOURENCO, Delmar Muniz; TOLEDO, Rodrigo A.; SEKIYA, Tomoko; LUCON, Marmo; CASTRO, C. C.; BORTOLOTTO, L. A.; TOLEDO, Sergio P. A.; DAHIA, Patricia L.
  • article 1 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Comparative study of sex estimates in adult skulls using direct measurement and tomographic image reconstruction
    (2023) ROSA, Ezequiel Ortiz; CROSATO, Edgard Michel; CASTRO, Claudio Campi; OLIVEIRA, Rodrigo Elias; BIAZEVIC, Maria Gabriela Haye
    Sex estimation is an important procedure in forensic anthropology for human identification. The development of new technologies, such as three-dimensional computed tomography (CT), has provided excellent alternatives for this purpose. This study examined and compared a morphological method for sex estimation using two different approaches - direct measurement of physical structures and tomographic analysis using 3D images. A total of 111 skulls from the Museum of Human Anatomy at the University of Sao Paulo (MAH-USP) were used, (60 males and 51 females). All specimens were scanned by Philips Brilliance 64 CT scanner equipment and their corresponding images were reconstructed in three-dimensional (3D) models. The morphological characteristics of the skulls were analyzed by an observer who was blinded to the sex of the specimens. Five cranial structures were analyzed: external occipital crest, mastoid process, supraorbital margin, glabella, and mental eminence. The structures were scored 1 to 5 according to Buikstra and Ubelaker and validated by Walker. The success rates of the sex estimates obtained through direct measurement of the dry skulls ranged from 67.4% to 70.4% as compared to 60.2% to 68.1% for CT reconstruction. When analyzed separately, the maximum accuracy of the method was 68.33% in males and 88.24% in females in the physical analysis of structures. The glabella and mastoid process were the most effective structures to estimate sex through both techniques, respectively. Our results show that 3D CT images can be accurately used in the morphological analysis for sex estimation, representing a viable alternative in forensic anthropology.
  • article 15 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Cortical brain volume abnormalities associated with few or multiple neuropsychiatric symptoms in Alzheimer's disease
    (2017) TASCONE, Lyssandra dos Santos; PAYNE, Martha E.; MACFALL, James; AZEVEDO, Dionisio; CASTRO, Claudio Campi de; STEFFENS, David C.; BUSATTO, Geraldo F.; BOTTINO, Cassio M. C.
    New research on assessing neuropsychiatric manifestations of Alzheimer's Disease (AD) involves grouping neuropsychiatric symptoms into syndromes. Yet this approach is limited by high inter-subject variability in neuropsychiatric symptoms and a relatively low degree of concordance across studies attempting to cluster neuropsychiatric symptoms into syndromes. An alternative strategy that involves dichotomizing AD subjects into those with few versus multiple neuropsychiatric symptoms is both consonant with real-world clinical practice and can contribute to understanding neurobiological underpinnings of neuropsychiatric symptoms in AD patients. The aim of this study was to address whether the number of neuropsychiatric symptoms (i.e., presence of few [<= 2] versus multiple [<= 3] symptoms) in AD would be associated with degree of significant gray matter (GM) volume loss. Of particular interest was volume loss in brain regions involved in memory, emotional processing and salience brain networks, including the prefrontal, lateral temporal and parietal cortices, anterior cingulate gyrus, temporo-limbic structures and insula. We recruited 19 AD patients and 13 healthy controls, which underwent an MRI and neuropsychiatric assessment. Regional brain volumes were determined using voxel-based morphometry and other advanced imaging processing methods. Our results indicated the presence of different patterns of GM atrophy in the two AD subgroups relative to healthy controls. AD patients with multiple neuropsychiatric manifestations showed more evident GM atrophy in the left superior temporal gyrus and insula as compared with healthy controls. In contrast, AD subjects with few neuropsychiatric symptoms displayed more GM atrophy in prefrontal regions, as well as in the dorsal anterior cingulate ad post-central gyri, as compared with healthy controls. Our findings suggest that the presence of multiple neuropsychiatric symptoms is more related to the degree of atrophy in specific brain networks rather than dependent on the global severity of widespread neurodegenerative brain changes.
  • article 1 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Classification of inherited neurometabolic disorders based on radiological aspects: pictorial essay
    (2022) PEDRI, André Felix; GUEDES, Marcelo dos Santos; CASTRO, Cláudio Campi de
    Abstract Inherited neurometabolic disorders represent a diagnostic challenge, and an efficient classification system is needed in order to improve the understanding of these diseases. Although they constitute a group of rare diseases, they have a collective incidence of at least one case per 1,000 live births. Some inherited neurometabolic disorders are treatable. The clinical and radiological presentations are variable and sometimes overlap, depending on the stage of the disease. Therefore, a number of classification systems have been devised, some of which are difficult to apply in practice. The aim of this study was to illustrate a classification system for inherited neurometabolic disorders, based exclusively on radiological findings. This was a retrospective study of imaging examinations of the central nervous system, particularly of children, performed in a network of hospitals. All of the cases were studied by multidetector computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, or both, the images having been obtained by two neuroradiologists. We included only cases in which a definitive diagnosis was made. The classification system separates the relevant radiological findings into 10 categories. All of the cases studied presented at least one of those findings. In most of the cases, more than one finding was observed, which increased specificity and narrowed the differential diagnosis. Data from the literature and from this study demonstrate that it is possible to classify inherited neurometabolic disorders by their radiological aspects, which favors a definitive diagnosis.
  • article 35 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Structural Brain Changes as Biomarkers and Outcome Predictors in Patients with Late-Life Depression: A CrossSectional and Prospective Study
    (2013) RIBEIZ, Salma R. I.; DURAN, Fabio; OLIVEIRA, Melaine C.; BEZERRA, Diana; CASTRO, Claudio Campi; STEFFENS, David C.; BUSATTO FILHO, Geraldo; BOTTINO, Cassio M. C.
    The relationship between structural changes in grey matter and treatment response in patients with late-life depression remains an intriguing area of research. This magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study compares the baseline grey matter volume of elderly people with and without major depression (according to the DSM-IV-TR criteria) and assesses its association with antidepressant treatment response. Brain MRI scans were processed using statistical parametric mapping and voxel-based morphometry. The sample consisted of 30 patients with depression and 22 healthy controls. We found a significant volumetric reduction in the orbitofrontal cortex bilaterally in patients in comparison with controls. According to their remission status after antidepressant treatment, patients were classified as remitted or not remitted. Compared with controls, remitted patients showed a volumetric reduction in the orbitofrontal cortex bilaterally and in another cluster in the right middle temporal pole. Non-remitted patients showed an even greater volumetric reduction in the orbitofrontal cortex bilaterally compared with controls. To investigate predictive factors of remission after antidepressant treatment, we used a logistic regression. Both baseline Mini Mental State Examination score and baseline left superior lateral orbitofrontal cortex volume (standardized to the total grey matter volume) were associated with remission status. Our findings support the use of regional brain atrophy as a potential biomarker for depression. In addition, baseline cognitive impairment and regional grey matter abnormalities predict antidepressant response in patients with late-life depression.
  • conferenceObject
    Penetrance of TMEM127-related pheochromocytoma in a six-generation family
  • conferenceObject
    Zero calcium scores is not reliable to rule out coronary artery disease in the emergency room
    (2012) STANIAK, Henrique L.; BITTENCOURT, Marcio S.; SHAROVSKY, Rodolfo; BENSENOR, Isabela; GOULART, Alessandra; CASTRO, Claudio C.; SANTOS, Itamar; OLMOS, Rodrigo; LOTUFO, Paulo
    Introduction: Several diagnostic tools have been proposed to investigate patients with acute chest pain in the emergency room. Recently, coronary computed angiotomography (CTA) has been studied for this purpose. Since CTA has some limitations including the use of ionizing radiation, iodine contrast and the need of drugs such as beta blockers and nitrates to achieve good image quality some authors have suggested that a negative calcium score would yield those patients with very low risk in which CTA could be safely avoided. Objectives: Evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of a negative calcium score when compared with CTA in the acute setting and subsequent downstream evaluation Methods: 65 patients (32 female) with acute chest pain, normal eletrocardiogram and cardiac biomarkers who underwent calcium score and CTA which had a negative calcium score were included. The exams were performed in a 64 detectors CT device with standard settings, and the CTA was performed using prospective acquisition, after beta blocker and nitrate unless contraindicated. The calcium score exams were compared to the CTA results. The CTA was considered positive if any lesion 50% was identified. Results: 65 patients were evaluated from February to August 2011. The mean age was 53.8 14.7 years and mean heart rate was 62 bpm. 2 of these zero calcium scores had non obstructive disease (50%), 3 of these zero calcium scores had obstructive disease and 1 patient had an invaluable CTA due to motion artifacts. These last 4 patients were furtherstratified with invasive coronary angiography and all 4 underwent coronary angioplasty. Conclusion: 8.2% of the patients with coronary artery disease would be misdiagnosed if coronary calcium score was used as the sole imaging strategy in this sample. Not only that, 4 patients which had an intervention performed would remain untreated.
  • article 19 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    DTI voxelwise analysis did not differentiate older depressed patients from older subjects without depression
    (2012) BEZERRA, Diana Moitinho; PEREIRA, Fabricio R. S.; CENDES, Fernando; JACKOWSKI, Marcel Parolin; NAKANO, Eduardo Y.; MOSCOSO, Marco A. A.; RIBEIZ, Salma R. I.; AVILA, Renata; CASTRO, Claudio Campi de; BOTTINO, Cassio M. C.
    Introduction: Neuroimaging has been widely used in studies to investigate depression in the elderly because it is a noninvasive technique, and it allows the detection of structural and functional brain alterations. Fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (MD) are neuroimaging indexes of the microstructural integrity of white matter, which are measured using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). The aim of this study was to investigate differences in FA or MD in the entire brain without a previously determined region of interest (ROI) between depressed and non-depressed elderly patients. Method: Brain magnetic resonance imaging scans were obtained from 47 depressed elderly patients, diagnosed according to DSM-IV criteria, and 36 healthy elderly patients as controls. Voxelwise statistical analysis of FA data was performed using tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS). Results: After controlling for age, no significant differences among FA and MD parameters were observed in the depressed elderly patients. No significant correlations were found between cognitive performance and FA or MD parameters. Conclusion: There were no significant differences among FA or MD values between mildly or moderately depressed and non-depressed elderly patients when the brain was analyzed without a previously determined ROI.