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Projetos de Pesquisa
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LIM/31 - Laboratório de Genética e Hematologia Molecular, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina

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Agora exibindo 1 - 10 de 117
  • article 4 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Prevalence and laboratorial determinants of the clinical relevance of antibodies of undetermined specificity
    (2019) CONRADO, Marina Cavalcanti de Albuquerque da Veiga; CARDOSO, Regina A.; DEZAN, Marcia Regina; OLIVEIRA, Valeria Brito; NETO, Abel da Costa; ZIZA, Karen Chinoca; KRIEGER, Jose Eduardo; PEREIRA, Alexandre Costa; SABINO, Ester Cerdeira; ROCHA, Vanderson; MENDRONE-JUNIOR, Alfredo; DINARDO, Carla Luana
    Background and Objectives Antibodies of unknown specificity (AUS) are frequently identified in the pre-transfusion testing. These antibodies can be insignificant or potentially cause post-transfusion haemolysis. Information about the prevalence of clinically relevant AUS is still lacking. Our aim was to predict the potential clinical relevance of AUS using the monocyte monolayer assay (MMA) and to identify the clinical and laboratorial determinants of AUS' significance. Materials and Methods Antibodies of unknown specificity identified at a single institution from 2015-2017 were evaluated through MMA. A monocyte index (MI) of more than 5% was predictive of potential post-transfusion haemolysis. Results Thirty-two patients with AUS were included in the study. Of the studied AUS, 37 center dot 5% (12/32) presented with a monocyte index (MI) more than 5%. In the group of significant AUS, 41 center dot 7% of the patients presented with sickle cell disease (SCD) and the AUS were associated with Rh antibodies in 75% of the cases. In the group of insignificant AUS, only 10% of the patients had SCD and the association with Rh antibodies was detected in 20% of the cases. The presence of Rh antibodies was independently associated with the AUS clinical relevance (P = 0 center dot 012). Conclusion More than one-third of the AUS are potentially clinically relevant, and the association with Rh antibodies is predictive of AUS relevance. Services must honour AUS in the pre-transfusion process in order to ensure transfusion safety.
  • article 12 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Duffy null genotype or Fy(a-b-) phenotype are more accurate than self-declared race for diagnosing benign ethnic neutropenia in Brazilian population
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Detection and analysis of blood donors seropositive for syphilis
    (2021) ATTIE, Adriana; ALMEIDA-NETO, Cesar de; WITKIN, Steven S.; DERRIGA, Juliana; NISHIYA, Anna S.; FERREIRA, Jerenice E.; COSTA, Natalia de Souza Xavier; SALLES, Nanci Alves; FACINCANI, Tila; LEVI, Jose E.; SABINO, Ester C.; ROCHA, Vanderson; MENDRONE-JR, Alfredo; FERREIRA, Suzete C.
    Background The increasing incidence of syphilis worldwide has called attention to the risk of transmission by transfusion. Aims To determine the prevalence of active syphilis in blood donors and characterise the serological profile of syphilis-positive donors. Methods Samples positive for Treponema pallidum using the chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay (CMIA) during blood donor screening from 2017 to 2018 were tested by the Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) non-treponemal test and for anti-T. pallidum IgM by ELISA (Immunoassay Enzyme test for detection of IgM antibodies). The INNO-LIA Syphilis test (Line Immuno Assay solid test for confirmation antibodies to Treponema pallidum) was performed as a confirmatory test on samples that were positive on ELISA-IgM but negative on VDRL. ELISA-IgM (+) samples were also tested for T. pallidum DNA in sera by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Results Of 248 542 samples screened, 1679 (0.67%) were positive for syphilis by CMIA. Further analysis was performed on 1144 (68.1%) of these samples. Of those tested, 16% were ELISA IgM(+)/VDRL(+), 16.5% were ELISA IgM(-)/VDRL(+), 4.1% were ELISA IgM(+)/VDRL(-), and 63.4% were ELISA IgM (-)/VDRL(-). The INNO-LIA Syphilis test results were 33 (3%) positive, 2 (0.2%) undetermined and 12 (1%) negative. Of the 230 EIA-IgM(+) samples (20.1%), 5 (2.2%) were PCR positive. The prevalence of active syphilis in 2017 and 2018 was 0.1% and 0.07%, respectively, and overall prevalence of serologic markers for syphilis was highest among male, unmarried, 25-34-year-olds with a high school education and who were first-time donors. Conclusion There is a risk of transfusion-transmitted syphilis in blood banks that exclusively use the VDRL test for donor screening, as is currently the situation in some Brazilian blood centres, as well as in other blood centres around the world.
  • article 2 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Variant genotypes associated with reduced expression of RhCE antigens among Brazilian blood donors
    (2021) DEZAN, Marcia Regina; OLIVEIRA, Valeria B.; CONRADO, Marina C. A. V.; ROCHA, Mateus Cardoso da; LUZ, Fabio; GALLUCCI, Antonio; PEREIRA, Alexandre C.; KRIEGER, Jose E.; ROCHA, Vanderson; MENDRONE-JUNIOR, Alfredo; DINARDO, Carla Luana
    Background The genetic diversity of the RHCE gene locus has been explored in diverse populations of different racial backgrounds. Data referring to the diversity of RHCE encoding weakened expression of C, c, E, and e in multiethnic populations is still incomplete. Methods Samples from Brazilian blood donors presenting reduced expression of C, c, E, or e on gel method were selected for the study. All exons and flanking introns of RHCE were genotyped though direct Sanger sequencing for the included donors. Results Sixty-six donors were included: 23 with weak C, 22 with weak c, 6 with weak E, 14 with weak e, and 1 with weak c and E. Among the samples with weak C, the following altered RH*C were encountered: RHCE*CeMA (n = 3), RHCE*Ce941C (n = 1), and RHCE*CeVA (n = 1). RHD*D-CE(4-7)-D was detected in six cases, RHCE*CE was presumably present in five cases, and seven cases were unexplained. Two altered alleles underlay the weak c phenotype: RHCE*ceJAL (n = 20) and RHCE*ce340T (n = 2), and two altered RHCE justified weak e: RHCE*ceMO (n = 6) and RHCE*ceJAL (n = 8). Three variant RHCE were associated with weak E: RHCE*cEJU (n = 4), RHCE*cE382C (n = 1), and RHCE*cEIV (n = 1). The RHCE*cE905A justified one case of weak c and E. Conclusion We describe the distribution of RHCE variants found in association with weak expression of C, c, E, and e in blood donors of multiethnic origin, which differs in comparison to that previously reported for people of African or Caucasian descent.
  • article 4 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Fc gamma R2B B2.4 haplotype predicts increased risk of red blood cell alloimmunization in sickle cell disease patients
    (2020) COSTA NETO, Abel; SANTOS, Flavia; RIBEIRO, Ingrid; OLIVEIRA, Valeria; DEZAN, Marcia; KASHIMA, Simone; COVAS, Dimas; PEREIRA, Alexandre; FONSECA, Guilherme; MOREIRA, Frederico; KRIEGER, Jose; GUALANDRO, Sandra; ROCHA, Vanderson; MENDRONE JR., Alfredo; DINARDO, Carla L.
    BACKGROUND Red blood cell (RBC) alloimmunization is an important transfusion complication which is prevalent among sickle cell disease (SCD) patients. Autoimmune diseases are a known risk factor for RBC alloimmunization, suggesting that autoimmunity and post-transfusion alloantibody development occur through similar physiopathological pathways. Polymorphisms in the Fc gamma R2B gene have already been associated with several autoimmune disorders and hypothetically could be associated with RBC alloimmunization. Our goal was to evaluate if important polymorphisms of Fc gamma R2B have an impact on the risk of RBC alloimmunization among SCD patients. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS This was a case-control study in which alloimmunized and non-alloimmunized SCD patients were compared in terms of the genotype frequency of the Fc gamma R2B polymorphisms -386G/C, -120 T/A, and 695C/T, genotyped through direct Sanger sequencing. RESULTS A total of 237 patients met the eligibility criteria, 120 cases (alloimmunized) and 117 controls (non-alloimmunized). RBC alloimmunization was associated with female sex (p < 0.001), lifetime number of RBC units transfused (p = 0.002) and 120 T/A Fc gamma R2B genotype (p = 0.031). The Fc gamma R2B promoter region haplotype 2B.4 (386C120A) was positively associated with RBC alloimunization (p = 0.045). The logistic regression (LR) model identified female sex (OR 10.03, CI 95% 5.16-19.49; p < 0.001) and Fc gamma R2B 2B.4 haplotype (OR 4.55, CI95% 1.1118.65; p = 0.035) as independent predictors of RBC alloimmunization in SCD patients. CONCLUSION SCD patients with the Fc gamma R2B 2B.4 haplotype had over a fourfold higher risk for RBC alloimmunization. This highlights the role played by Fc gamma R2B on RBC alloimmunization and may be helpful in identifying the immune responders.
  • article 8 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Defining the clinical relevance of red blood cell autoantibodies by Monocyte Monolayer Assay
    (2018) CONRADO, Marina C. A. V.; D'AVILA, Amanda N.; VIEIRA, Juliana B.; BONIFACIO, Silvia L.; GOMES, Francisco C. A.; DEZAN, Marcia R.; OLIVEIRA, Valeria B.; RIBEIRO, Ingrid H.; TUCUNDUVA, Luciana T. C. M.; MENDRONE-JUNIOR, Alfredo; ROCHA, Vanderson; DINARDO, Carla L.
    BackgroundThe Monocyte Monolayer Assay (MMA) is an in vitro simulation of red blood cell (RBC) alloantibody behavior. It has been classically applied to predict the risks of post-transfusion hemolytic reactions when transfusing incompatible RBC units. Quantifying erythrophagocytosis by MMA may be an interesting option for situations where there is doubt whether a RBC autoantibody is mediating significant hemolysis. Here, we present three situations involving RBC autoantibodies in which the MMA was decisive for clarifying the diagnosis and choosing the best clinical treatment. Case ReportCase 1. Pregnant patient with severely anemic fetus exhibited warm autoantibody without signs of hemolysis. MMA revealed 30% of monocyte index (MI) highlighting that fetal hemolysis was caused by maternal autoantibody. Prednisone was prescribed with fetal clinical improvement. Cases 2 and 3. Two patients with the diagnosis of mixed auto-immune hemolytic anemia and poor response to corticosteroids were evaluated using MMA. The resulting MI was less than 10% in both cases, suggesting that the cold-agglutinin rather than the warm auto-IgG was responsible for overt hemolysis. Treatment with rituximab was begun, with good clinical response. ConclusionMMA can be used to evaluate the ability of RBC autoantibodies to mediate overt hemolysis. It can be especially useful to determine the role played by cold and warm auto-antibodies in mixed auto-immune hemolytic disease, helping to define the best treatment option.
  • article 17 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Demographic characteristics and prevalence of serologic markers among blood donors who use confidential unit exclusion (CUE) in Sao Paulo, Brazil: implications for modification of CUE polices in Brazil
    (2011) ALMEIDA-NETO, Cesar de; LIU, Jing; WRIGHT, David J.; MENDRONE-JUNIOR, Alfredo; TAKECIAN, Pedro L.; SUN, Yu; FERREIRA, Joao Eduardo; CHAMONE, Dalton de Alencar Fischer; BUSCH, Michael P.; SABINO, Ester Cerdeira
    BACKGROUND: This study evaluated demographic profiles and prevalence of serologic markers among donors who used confidential unit exclusion (CUE) to assess the effectiveness of CUE and guide public policies regarding the use of CUE for enhancing safety versus jeopardizing the blood supply by dropping CUE. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of whole blood donations at a large public blood center in Sao Paulo from July 2007 through June 2009, compared demographic data, and confirmed serologic results among donors who used and who have never used CUE (CUE never). RESULTS: There were 265,550 whole blood units collected from 181,418 donors from July 2007 through June 2009. A total of 9658 (3.6%) units were discarded, 2973 (1.1%) because CUE was used at the current donation (CUE now) and 6685 (2.5%) because CUE was used in the past (CUE past). The CUE rate was highest among donors with less than 8 years of education (odds ratio [OR], 2.78; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.51-3.08). CUE now donations were associated with higher positive infectious disease marker rates than CUE never donations (OR, 1.41; CI, 1.13-1.77), whereas CUE past donations were not (OR, 1.04; CI, 0.75-1.45). CONCLUSION: The CUE process results in a high rate of unit discard. CUE use on an individual donation appears predictive of a high-risk marker-positive donation and, thus, appears to contribute modestly to blood safety. The policy of discarding units from donors who have previously CUE-positive donations does not improve safety and should be discontinued.
  • article 13 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Asymptomatic infections in blood donors harbouring Plasmodium: an invisible risk detected by molecular and serological tools
    (2018) LIMA, Giselle F. M. C.; SANCHEZ, Maria C. Arroyo; LEVI, Jose E.; FUJIMORI, Mahyumi; CARAMELO, Luiza da Cruz; SANCHEZ, Arianni Rondelli; RAMOS-SANCHEZ, Eduardo M.; INOUE, Juliana; COSTA-NASCIMENTO, Maria de Jesus; MENDRONE JUNIOR, Alfredo; SANTI, Silvia M. Di
    Background. Transfusion-transmitted malaria due to asymptomatic Plasmodium infections is a challenge for blood banks. There is a lack of data on the prevalence of asymptomatic infected blood donors and the incidence of transfusion-transmitted malaria in low endemicity areas worldwide. We estimated the frequency of blood donors harbouring Plasmodium in an area in which asymptomatic infections have been reported. Material and methods. To estimate the frequency of blood donors harbouring Plasmodium we used microscopy and molecular tools. Serological tests were applied to measure the exposure of candidates to Plasmodium antigens. Venous blood was collected from 91 candidates attending the ""Pro-Sangue"" Blood Centre Foundation in Sao Paulo, who lived in the municipality of Juquitiba, Sao Paulo, Brazil, where sporadic autochthonous cases of malaria have been described. Blood samples were used for parasitological, molecular and serological studies. Results. Among the 91 samples examined, rare Plasmodium forms were observed in two donors. Genus real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis demonstrated Plasmodium amplification in three candidates and species-specific nested polymerase chain reaction identified P. malariae in two. ELISA-IgG was reactive in 42.9% of samples for P. vivax (Pv-MSP1 19) and in 6.6% for P. falciparum (Pf-Zw). ELISA-IgM was reactive in 2.2% of samples for P. vivax and in 4.4% for P. falciparum. An indirect immunofluorescence assay was reactive for P. malariae in 15.4% of cases. Discussion. Reservoirs of Plasmodium represent a challenge for blood banks, since studies have shown that high levels of submicroscopic infections can occur in low transmission areas. The risk of transfusion-transmitted malaria presented here points to the need to conduct molecular investigations of candidate donors with any positive malarial antibody test.
  • article
    External quality control program in infectious diseases screening at laboratories and blood banks in Latin America: an analysis of the past 5 years
    (2023) MENDRONE-JUNIOR, Alfredo; SALLES, Nanci; OTANI, Marcia; COUNTINHO, Adenilson; ALVES, Lucas Bassolli de Oliveira; ROCHA, Vanderson; BELTRAN-DURAN, Mauricio
    Objective. To evaluate the screening of blood samples for infectious disease markers at laboratories and blood banks in Latin America per the findings of an External Quality Assessment Program (EQAP). Methods. This qualitative analysis used data from the EQAP coordinated by the Fundacao Pro Sangue Hemo-centro de Sao Paulo with the support of the Pan American Health Organization to assess the performance of blood screening for infectious diseases from 2014 to 2018 in Latin America. Each participating laboratory or blood bank received an identical blind panel with 24 blood samples with variable reactivity for all the screening parameters. Panels were processed at each participating facility and results were returned to the Fundacao Pro Sangue Hemocentro de Sao Paulo for individual and joint analyses. Two types of discrepant results were potential failures: false positive results (FPRs) and false nonreactive results (FNRRs). Results. A total of 23 136 samples were evaluated. Global rates of FPR, FNRR, and concordant results were 0.3%, 1.0% and 98.7%, respectively. Seven FNRRs were found for HBsAg (1.0%), 12 for syphilis (2.6%), and 21 for Chagas disease (2.9%). No FNRRs were found for the HIV, HCV, and HTLV viruses. The average accuracy of all the laboratories and blood banks participating in the EQAP during the study period was 99.5% (standard deviation, 0.5%). Conclusion. The findings of this qualitative analysis are positive for blood safety in Latin America, with an average accuracy of 99.5% among the participating laboratories and blood banks. This report reflects an important improvement in blood bank serological screening EQAP-PAHO report since the 2003.
  • article 4 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Immunogenicity and safety of primary fractional-dose yellow fever vaccine in autoimmune rheumatic diseases
    (2021) TONACIO, Adriana Coracini; PEDROSA, Tatiana do Nascimento; BORBA, Eduardo Ferreira; AIKAWA, Nadia Emi; PASOTO, Sandra Gofinet; FERREIRA FILHO, Julio Cesar Rente; BARROS, Marilia Mantovani Sampaio; LEON, Elaine Pires; LOMBARDI, Suzete Cleusa Ferreira Spina; MENDRONE JUNIOR, Alfredo; AZEVEDO, Adriana de Souza; SCHWARCZ, Waleska Dias; FULLER, Ricardo; YUKI, Emily Figueiredo Neves; LOPES, Michelle Remiao Ugolini; PEREIRA, Rosa Maria Rodrigues; BARROS, Percival Degrava Sampaio; ANDRADE, Danieli Castro Oliveira de; MEDEIROS-RIBEIRO, Ana Cristina de; MORAES, Julio Cesar Bertacini de; SHINJO, Samuel Katsuyuki; MIOSSI, Renata; DUARTE, Alberto Jose da Silva; LOPES, Marta Heloisa; KALLAS, Esper Georges; SILVA, Clovis Artur Almeida da; BONFA, Eloisa
    Background Brazil faced a yellow fever(YF) outbreak in 2016-2018 and vaccination was considered for autoimmune rheumatic disease patients(ARD) with low immunosuppression due to YF high mortality. Objective This study aimed to evaluate, prospectively for the first time, the short-term immunogenicity of the fractional YF vaccine(YFV) immunization in ARD patients with low immunossupression. Methods and Results A total of 318 participants(159 ARD and 159 age- and sex-matched healthy controls) were vaccinated with the fractional-dose(one fifth) of 17DD-YFV. All subjects were evaluated at entry(D0), D5, D10, and D30 post-vaccination for clinical/laboratory and disease activity parameters for ARD patients. Post-vaccination seroconversion rate(83.7%vs.96.6%, p = 0.0006) and geometric mean titers(GMT) of neutralizing antibodies[1143.7 (95%CI 1012.3-1292.2) vs.731 (95%CI 593.6-900.2), p< 0.001] were significantly lower in ARD compared to controls. A lower positivity rate of viremia was also identified for ARD patients compared to controls at D5 (53%vs.70%, p = 0.005) and the levels persisted in D10 for patients and reduced for controls(51%vs.19%, p = 0.0001). The viremia was the only variable associated with seroconvertion. No serious adverse events were reported. ARD disease activity parameters remained stable at D30(p>0.05). Conclusion Fractional-dose 17DD-YF vaccine in ARD patients resulted in a high rate of seroconversion rate(> 80%) but lower than controls, with a longer but less intense viremia. This vaccine was immunogenic, safe and did not induce flares in ARD under low immunosuppression and may be indicated in YF outbreak situations and for patients who live or travel to endemic areas.