(Fonte: Lattes)
Índice h a partir de 2011
Projetos de Pesquisa
Unidades Organizacionais
Departamento de Pediatria, Faculdade de Medicina - Docente
Instituto da Criança, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina - Médico
LIM/30 - Laboratório de Investigação em Cirurgia Pediát, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina

Resultados de Busca

Agora exibindo 1 - 10 de 115
  • article 17 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Treatment of short bowel syndrome in children. Value of the Intestinal Rehabilitation Program
    (2016) TANNURI, Uenis; BARROS, Fabio De; TANNURI, Ana Cristina Aoun
    The main cause of acute intestinal failure is short bowel syndrome, generally as a result of resection of extensive segments of small intestine. As a result, the main symptoms are watery diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, chronic malnutrition, and death, if the patient is not properly treated. If the length of the remaining intestine is greater than 30 cm, complete adaptation is possible and the patient may not require parenteral nutrition. The currently recommended treatment includes the use of prolonged parenteral nutrition and enteral nutrition, always aimed at constant weight gain, in conjunction with surgeries aimed at elongating the dilated bowel. This set of procedures constitutes what is called an Intestinal Rehabilitation Program. This therapy was used in 16 children in periods ranging from 8 months to 7.5 years, with survival in 75% of the cases. Finally, the last resort to be used in children with complete resection of the small bowel is an intestinal transplant. However, to date there is no record of a Brazilian child that has survived this procedure, despite it being attempted in seven patients. We conclude that the results of the intestinal rehabilitation program are encouraging for the continuation of this type of treatment and stimulate the creation of the program in other pediatric care institutions.
  • article 1 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Cardiac autonomic modulation in children with severe liver disease, before and after liver transplantation
    (2022) SALATINI, Renata; AMARAL, Joice; RAIMUNDO, Rodrigo Daminello; ROCHA, Fernando; ABREU, Luiz Carlos de; MORAIS, Mauro; TANNURI, Uenis; TANNURI, Ana Cristina
    Background: The cardiovascular system is directly influenced by the autonomic nervous system (ANS); its changes affect heart rate variability (HRV) and are sensitive indicators of physiological changes. Autonomic dysfunction (AD) is manifested in up to 60% of patients with cirrhosis. Therefore, we aim to analyze the indexes of HRV pre- and post-surgery of children submitted for liver transplantation (LT). Methods: HRV, in children of both genders from 6 months of age to 10 years, that attended at the pediatric surgery clinic in the queue for LT at the Children's Institute were analyzed. To access HRV we analyzed indexes such as standard deviation of the RR intervals (SDNN), root-mean-square of the successive normal sinus RR interval difference (RMSSD), low frequency (LF), high frequency (NF), and LF/HF. Results: The analysis of the behavior of cardiac autonomic modulation, in the period prior to LT and after surgery, showed an increase in HRV linear parameters SDNN, TINN (triangular interpolation of NN interval histogram), HFms(2). In the time domain, there was also an increase in the HFms(2) index. Conclusions: The analysis of the period preceding LT and two months after surgery showed an increase in the HRV linear parameters representing a global HRV improvement. In the time domain, there was also an increase in the HFms(2) index, parasympathetic tone of the HRV.
  • conferenceObject
    TCR V beta Repertoire Diversity in Healthy Individuals of Different Age Groups
    (2013) ARANTES, J. M.; SANTOS, Nathalia Moreira; GRASSI, Marcilia Sierro; TANNURI, Ana Cristina Aoun; GUILHERME, Luisa; CARNEIRO-SAMPAIO, Magda
  • bookPart
    Distúrbios da coagulação ou coagulopatias na sala cirúrgica pediátrica
    (2023) TANNURI, Ana Cristina Aoun; MATOS, Marinez Farana; PECORA, Fernanda Salomão Turazzi
  • article 6 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Living donor liver transplantation in children: Should the adult donor be operated on by an adult or pediatric surgeon? Experience of a single pediatric center
    (2014) ANDRADE, Wagner de Castro; VELHOTE, Manoel Carlos Prieto; AYOUB, Ali Ahman; SILVA, Marcos Marques; GIBELLI, Nelson Elias M.; TANNURI, Ana Cristina A.; SANTOS, Maria Merces; PINHO-APEZZATO, Maria Lucia; BARROS, Fabio de; MOREIRA, Daniel Rangel; MIYATANI, Helena T.; PEREIRA, Raimundo Renato; TANNURI, Uenis
    Background/Purpose: Living donor liver transplantation has become a cornerstone for the treatment of children with end-stage hepatic dysfunction, especially within populations or countries with low rates of organ utilization from deceased donors. The objective is to report our experience with 185 living donors operated on by a team pediatric surgeons in a tertiary center for pediatric liver transplantation. Methods: Retrospective analysis of medical records of donors of hepatic grafts for transplant undergoing surgery between June 1998 and March 2013. Results: Over the last 14 years, 185 liver transplants were performed in pediatric recipients of grafts from living donors. Among the donors, 166 left lateral segments (89.7%), 18 left lobes without the caudate lobe (9.7%) and 1 right lobe (0.5%) were harvested. The donor age ranged from 16 to 53 years, and the weight ranged from 47 to 106 kg. In 10 donors, an additional graft of the donor inferior mesenteric vein was harvested to substitute for a hypoplastic recipient portal vein. The transfusion of blood products was required in 15 donors (8.1%). The mean hospital stay was 5 days. No deaths occurred, but complications were identified in 23 patients (12.4%): 9 patients experienced abdominal pain and severe gastrointestinal symptoms and 3 patients required reoperations. Eight donors presented with minor bile leaks that were treated conservatively, and 3 patients developed extra-peritoneal infections (1 wound collection, 1 phlebitis and 1 pneumonia). Eight grafts (4.3%) showed primary dysfunction resulting in recipient death (3 cases of fulminant hepatitis, 1 patient with metabolic disease, 1 patient with Alagille syndrome and 3 cases of biliary atresia in infants under 1 year old). There was no relation between donor complications and primary graft dysfunction (P = 0.6). Conclusions: Living donor transplantation is safe for the donor and presents a low morbidity. The donor surgery may be performed by a team of trained pediatric surgeons.
  • article 9 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Analysis of the reversibility of biliary cirrhosis in young rats submitted to biliary obstruction
    (2018) BRAZ, Maria Julia de Aro; CORBI, Leonardo Ervolino; TANNURI, Ana Cristina Aoun; COELHO, Maria Cecilia Mendonca; GONCALVES, Josiane Oliveira; SERAFINI, Suellen; TANNURI, Uenis
    Background/purpose: Biliary atresia and other liver biliary obstructions are relevant conditions in pediatric surgery due to their progression to biliary cirrhosis and indication for liver transplantation. It is known that the period during which biliary obstruction persists determines the development of cirrhosis and its reversibility after a biliary drainage procedure. However, no time or histological markers of biliary cirrhosis reversibility have been established. Materials and methods: One hundred and twenty-nine young Wistar rats underwent surgery for ligation of the common bile duct and were maintained until 8 weeks. A part of these animals was submitted to biliary drainage surgery at 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6 weeks after the initial procedure. After cyst formation at the site of obstruction, cystjejunal anastomosis was performed to restore bile flow. After biliary obstruction and drainage, liver samples were collected for histological and molecular analysis of the genes responsible for collagen deposition and fibrosis. Results: The mortality rates were 39.8% and 56.7% after the first and second procedures, respectively. Ductular proliferation (p = 0.001) and collagen deposition increased according to the period under obstruction (p = 0.0001), and both alterations were partially reduced after biliary drainage. There were no significant differences in the values of desmin and alpha-actin according to the period during which the animal remained with biliary obstruction (p = 0.09 and p = 0.3, respectively), although increased values of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF beta 1) occurred after 8 weeks (p = 0.000). Desmin levels decreased, and alpha-actin and TGF beta 1 levels increased according to the period under obstruction. The molecular alterations were partially reversed after biliary drainage. Conclusions: The histologic and molecular changes in the liver parenchyma promoted by biliary obstruction in the young animal can be partially reversed by a biliary drainage procedure.
  • article 5 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Is maintenance of the ileocecal valve important to the intestinal adaptation mechanisms in a weaning rat model of short bowel?
    (2018) BARROS, Guilherme Garcia; TANNURI, Ana Cristina Aoun; ROTONDO, Italo Gerardo; VAISBERG, Vitor Van; SARMENTO, Leandro Silveira; NETO, Cicero Mendes; SERAFINI, Suellen; GONCALVES, Josiane de Oliveira; COELHO, Maria Cecilia Mendonca; TANNURI, Uenis
    Purpose To evaluate the role of maintenance of the ileocecal valve (ICV) in intestinal adaptation mechanisms, in a weaning rat experimental model of short bowel. Methods Forty animals were operated on to produce short bowel syndrome. They were divided into five groups: maintenance (MV) or resection of ICV (RV), kill after 4 days (MV4 and RV4) or 21 days (MV21 and RV21), and a control group (21-day-old rats). Body weights, small bowel and colon lengths and diameters, villus heights, crypt depths, lamina propria and muscle layer thickness, as well as the apoptosis index of villi and crypts and expression of pro-and anti-apoptotic genes, were studied. Results Preservation of the ICV promoted increased weight gain (p = 0.0001) and intestinal villus height after 21 days; crypt depth was higher in comparison to controls. It was verified a higher expression of Ki-67 in bowel villi and crypts (p = 0.018 and p = 0.015, respectively) in RV4 group and a higher expression in bowel villi of MV4 group animals (p = 0.03). The maintenance of ICV promoted late increased expression of the anti-apoptotic gene Bcl-XL in the colon (p = 0.043, p = 0.002, p = 0.01). Conclusion The maintenance of the ICV led to positive changes in this model.
  • article 10 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Extensive Hepatectomy as an Alternative to Liver Transplant in Advanced Hepatoblastoma: A New Protocol Used in a Pediatric Liver Transplantation Center
    (2019) PAGANOTI, G. de Freitas; TANNURI, A. C. A.; MARQUES, A. C. Dantas; TORRES, R. R.; GIBELLI, N. E. Mendes; TANNURI, U.
    Background. Surgery is a key factor in the treatment of hepatoblastoma, but choosing between an aggressive resection and liver transplant may be an extremely difficult task. The aim of this study was to describe the outcomes of patients with advanced hepatoblastoma: pretreatment extent of disease (PRETEXT)/post-treatment extent of disease (POST-TEXT) III and IV undergoing aggressive resections or living donor liver transplant in cases involving the entire liver. Based on this experience, a new protocol for the treatment of these patients was proposed. Methods. A retrospective study included patients with advanced hepatoblastoma (POST-TEXT III and IV) who were referred for a liver transplant from 2010 to 2017. Results. A total of 24 children were included: 13 (54.2%) were male, with a median age at diagnosis of 42 months (range, 15-120 months), and a history of prematurity was identified in 20.8% of the patients. Ten cases (41.7%) were staged as PRETEXT/POST-TEXT III, and 12 cases (50.0%) were staged as PRETEXT/POST-TEXT IV. Two patients were referred after posthepatectomy recurrence. Five patients underwent a liver transplant, with recurrence and death in 2 patients (40.0%) within a mean period of 6 months. In the extensive hepatectomy group, there was recurrence in 6 patients (31.6%), with disease-free outcomes and overall survival in 63.2% and 94.7% of patients, respectively. Conclusion. In cases of advanced hepatoblastoma, an extensive surgical approach is a valuable option. The fact that the team was fully prepared to proceed with living donor liver transplant allowed the surgeon to be more aggressive and to switch to transplantation when resection was not possible.
  • article 6 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Impact of Three Methods of Ischemic Preconditioning on Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in a Pig Model of Liver Transplantation
    (2022) BELON, Alessandro Rodrigo; TANNURI, Ana Cristina Aoun; MOREIRA, Daniel de Albuquerque Rangel; FIGUEIREDO, Jose Luiz; SILVA, Alessandra Matheus da; SERAFINI, Suellen; GUIMARAES, Raimundo Renato; FARIA, Caroline Silverio; ALEXANDRE, Alcione Sanches de; GONCALVES, Josiane Oliveira; PAES, Vitor Ribeiro; TANNURI, Uenis
    Background Ischemic preconditioning (IPC), either direct (DIPC) or remote (RIPC), is a procedure aimed at reducing the harmful effects of ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Objectives To assess the local and systemic effects of DIPC, RIPC, and both combined, in the pig liver transplant model. Materials and methods Twenty-four pigs underwent orthotopic liver transplantation and were divided into 4 groups: control, direct donor preconditioning, indirect preconditioning at the recipient, and direct donor with indirect recipient preconditioning. The recorded parameters were: donor and recipient weight, graft-to-recipient weight ratio (GRWR), surgery time, warm and cold ischemia time, and intraoperative hemodynamic values. Blood samples were collected before native liver removal (BL) and at 0 h, 1 h, 3 h, 6 h, 12 h, 18 h, and 24 h post-reperfusion for the biochemical tests: aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), creatinine, BUN (blood urea nitrogen), lactate, total and direct bilirubin. Histopathological examination of liver, gut, kidney, and lung fragments were performed, as well as molecular analyses for expression of the apoptosis-related BAX (pro-apoptotic) and Bcl-XL (anti-apoptotic) genes, eNOS (endothelial nitric oxide synthase) gene, and IL-6 gene related to inflammatory ischemia-reperfusion injury, using real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Results There were no differences between the groups regarding biochemical and histopathological parameters. We found a reduced ratio between the expression of the BAX gene and Bcl-XL in the livers of animals with IPC versus the control group. Conclusions DIPC, RIPC or a combination of both, produce beneficial effects at the molecular level without biochemical or histological changes.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Liver Regeneration Model in Growing Rats With Hepatic Artery Ligation: Histologic and Molecular Studies
    (2015) BACKES, A. Nadia; TANNURI, A. C. Aoun; COELHO, M. C. Mendonca; GIBELLI, N. E. Mendes; BACKES, F. N.; TANNURI, U.
    Background. Liver transplantation is an effective treatment for irreversible liver diseases. The incidence of hepatic artery thrombosis remains high. Our objective was to analyze the effect of ligature of the hepatic artery on liver regeneration in a growing animal model. Methods. Seventy-five male Wistar rats were divided into the following 3 groups: group 1 (sham, G1): incision without intervention; group 2 (G2): 70% hepatectomy; group 3 (G3): 70% hepatectomy and ligation of the hepatic artery. Preceding the 70% hepatectomy, a hepatic artery ligature was performed with resection of a segment of the artery. The liver specimens were stained with hematoxylin-eosin, and immunohistochemical staining for Ki-67 was performed. The expression of the interleukin (IL) 6 gene was studied by means of reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. Results. G2 and G3 demonstrated similar tendencies toward an increase in the gain weight ratio over time. The mitotic activity was significantly lower at 72 hours in G3 than in G2. There was no difference between Ki-67 staining between G2 and G3. The expression of the IL-6 gene was present in all of the groups, lower in G1, with no difference between G2 and G3. Conclusions. The experimental model was feasible and adequate for these investigations. Hepatectomy stimulated hepatocyte proliferation, and the obstruction of the arterial flow did not affect liver regeneration.