(Fonte: Lattes)
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Projetos de Pesquisa
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Departamento de Medicina Preventiva, Faculdade de Medicina - Docente
LIM/38 - Laboratório de Epidemiologia e Imunobiologia, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina - Líder

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Agora exibindo 1 - 10 de 59
  • article 21 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Use of Recombinant Antigens for Sensitive Serodiagnosis of American Tegumentary Leishmaniasis Caused by Different Leishmania Species
    (2017) SATO, Camila Massae; SANCHEZ, Maria Carmen Arroyo; CELESTE, Beatriz Julieta; DUTHIE, Malcolm S.; GUDERIAN, Jeffrey; REED, Steven G.; BRITO, Maria Edileuza Felinto de; CAMPOS, Marliane Batista; ENCARNACAO, Helia Valeria de Souza; GUERRA, Jorge; MESQUITA, Tirza Gabrielle Ramos de; PINHEIRO, Suzana Kanawati; RAMASAWMY, Rajendranath; SILVEIRA, Fernando Tobias; SOUZA, Marina de Assis; GOTO, Hiro
    American tegumentary leishmaniasis (ATL) (also known as cutaneous leishmaniasis [CL]) is caused by various species of protozoa of the genus Leishmania. The diagnosis is achieved on a clinical, epidemiological, and pathological basis, supported by positive parasitological exams and demonstration of leishmanin delayed-type hypersensitivity. Serological assays are not routinely used in the diagnosis because many are considered to have low sensitivity and the particular Leishmania species causing the disease can lead to variable performance. In the present study, we generated recombinant versions of two highly conserved Leishmania proteins, Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis-derived Lb8E and Lb6H, and evaluated both in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA). Recombinant Lb6H (rLb6H) had better performance and reacted with 100.0% of the ATL and 89.4% of the VL samples. These reactions with rLb6H were highly specific (98.5%) when compared against those for samples from healthy control individuals. We then assessed rLb6H against sera from ATL patients infected with different species of Leishmania prevalent in Brazil [Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis, L. (Viannia) braziliensis, and L. (V.) guyanensis] and samples from patients with other infectious diseases. In analyses of 500 sera, ELISA using rLb6H detected all 219 ATL samples (sensitivity of 100.0%) with an overall specificity of 93.9% (considering healthy individuals and other infectious diseases patients). Only a minority of samples from Chagas disease patients possessed antibodies against rLb6H, and all of these responses were low (with a highest reactivity index of 2.2). Taken together, our data support further evaluation of rLb6H and the potential for its routine use in the serological diagnosis of ATL.
  • article 5 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Dual Host-Intracellular Parasite Transcriptome of Enucleated Cells Hosting Leishmania amazonensis: Control of Half-Life o Host Cell Transcripts by the Parasite
    (2020) ORIKAZA, Cristina M.; PESSOA, Carina C.; V, Fernanda Paladino; V, Pilar T. Florentino; BARBIERI, Clara L.; GOTO, Hiro; RAMOS-SANCHEZ, Eduardo Milton; SILVEIRA, Jose Franco; RABINOVITCH, Michel; MORTARA, Renato A.; REAL, Fernando
    Enucleated cells or cytoplasts (cells whose nucleus is removed in vitro) represent an unexplored biological model for intracellular infection studies due to the abrupt interruption of nuclear processing and new RNA synthesis by the host cell in response to pathogen entry. Using enucleated fibroblasts hosting the protozoan parasite Leishmania amazonensis, we demonstrate that parasite multiplication and biogenesis of large parasitophorous vacuoles in which parasites multiply are independent of the host cell nucleus. Dual RNA sequencing of both host cytoplast and intracellular parasite transcripts identified host transcripts that are more preserved or degraded upon interaction with parasites and also parasite genes that are differentially expressed when hosted by nucleated or enucleated cells. Cytoplasts are suitable host cells, which persist in culture for more than 72 h and display functional enrichment of transcripts related to mitochondrial functions and mRNA translation. Crosstalk between nucleated host de novo gene expression in response to intracellular parasitism and the parasite gene expression to counteract or benefit from these host responses induces a parasite transcriptional profile favoring parasite multiplication and aerobic respiration, and a host-parasite transcriptional landscape enriched in host cell metabolic functions related to NAD, fatty acid, and glycolytic metabolism. Conversely, interruption of host nucleus-parasite cross talk by infection of enucleated cells generates a host-parasite transcriptional landscape in which cytoplast transcripts are enriched in phagolysosome-related pathway, prosurvival, and SerpinB-mediated immunomodulation. In addition, predictive in since analyses indicated that parasite transcript products secreted within cytoplasts interact with host transcript products conserving the host V-ATPase proton translocation function and glutamine/proline metabolism. The collective evidence indicates parasite-mediated control of host cell transcripts half-life that is beneficial to parasite intracellular multiplication and escape from host immune responses. These findings will contribute to improved drug targeting and serve as database for L. arnazonensis-host cell interactions.
  • article 2 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Cell activation state influences the modulation of HLA-DR surface expression on human monocytes/macrophages by parenteral fish oil lipid emulsion
    Abnormal surface expression of HLA-DR by leukocytes is associated with a poor prognosis in critical care patients. Critical care patients often receive total parenteral nutrition with lipid emulsion (LE). In this study we evaluated the influence of fish oil LE (FO) on human monocyte/macrophage (M phi) expression of surface HLA-DR under distinct activation states. Mononuclear leukocytes from the peripheral blood of healthy volunteers (n=18) were cultured for 24 hours without LE (control) or with 3 different concentrations (0.1, 0.25, and 0.5%) of the follow LE: a) pure FO b) FO in association (1:1-v/v) with LE composed of 50% medium-chain trygliceride and 50% soybean oil (MCTSO), and c) pure MCTSO. The leukocytes were also submitted to different cell activation states, as determinate by INF-g addition time: no INF-gamma addition, 18 hours before, or at the time of LE addition. HLA-DR expression on MO surface was evaluated by flow cytometry using specific monoclonal antibodies. In relation to controls (for 0.1%, 0.25%, and 05%: 100) FO decreased the expression of HLA-DR when added alone in simultaneously-activated M., for 0.1%: 70 (59 +/- 73); for 0.25%: 51 (48 +/- 56); and for 05%: 52.5 (50 +/- 58)1 or in association with MCTSO [in simultaneously-activated MO, for 0.1%: 50.5 (47 +/- 61); for 25%: 49 (45 +/- 52); and for 0.5%: 51 (44 54) and in previously-activated Mf, for 1.0%: 63 (44 +/- 88); for 0.25%: 70 (41 +/- 88); and for 0.5%: 59.5 (39 +/- 79)1 in culture medium (Friedman p < 0.05). In relation to controls (for 0.1%, 0.25%, and 0.5%: 100), FO did not influence the expression of these molecules on non-activated M phi [for 0.1%: 87.5(75 +/- 93); for 0.25%: 111 (98 +/- 118); and for 0.5%: 101.5 (84 +/- 113)]. Results show that parenteral FO modulates the expression of HLA-DR on human MO surface accordingly to leukocyte activation state. Further clinical studies evaluating the ideal moment of fish oil LE infusion to modulate leukocyte functions may contribute to a better understanding of its immune modulatory properties.
  • article 48 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Cell-to-cell transfer of Leishmania amazonensis amastigotes is mediated by immunomodulatory LAMP-rich parasitophorous extrusions
    (2014) REAL, Fernando; FLORENTINO, Pilar Tavares Veras; REIS, Luiza Campos; RAMOS-SANCHEZ, Eduardo M.; VERAS, Patricia Sampaio Tavares; GOTO, Hiro; MORTARA, Renato Arruda
    The last step of Leishmania intracellular life cycle is the egress of amastigotes from the host cell and their uptake by adjacent cells. Using multidimensional live imaging of long-term-infected macrophage cultures we observed that Leishmania amazonensis amastigotes were transferred from cell to cell when the donor host macrophage delivers warning signs of imminent apoptosis. They were extruded from the macrophage within zeiotic structures (membrane blebs, an apoptotic feature) rich in phagolysosomal membrane components. The extrusions containing amastigotes were selectively internalized by vicinal macrophages and the rescued amastigotes remain viable in recipient macrophages. Host cell apoptosis induced by micro-irradiation of infected macrophage nuclei promoted amastigotes extrusion, which were rescued by non-irradiated vicinal macrophages. Using amastigotes isolated from LAMP1/LAMP2 knockout fibroblasts, we observed that the presence of these lysosomal components on amastigotes increases interleukin 10 production. Enclosed within host cell membranes, amastigotes can be transferred from cell to cell without full exposure to the extracellular milieu, what represents an important strategy developed by the parasite to evade host immune system.
  • article 25 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Recombinant Leishmania infantum Heat Shock Protein 83 for the Serodiagnosis of Cutaneous, Mucosal, and Visceral Leishmaniases
    (2014) CELESTE, Beatriz Julieta; SANCHEZ, Maria Carmen Arroyo; RAMOS-SANCHEZ, Eduardo Milton; CASTRO, Luiz Guilherme M.; COSTA, Francisco Assis Lima; GOTO, Hiro
    Routine serological diagnoses for leishmaniases, except in visceral cases, are performed using whole-parasite antigens. We used enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to evaluate the performance of Leishmania infantum rHsp83 compared with L. major-like total promastigote antigen in the diagnosis of cutaneous (CL), mucosal (ML), and visceral leishmaniases (VL). ELISA-rHsp83 was significantly more sensitive than ELISA-L. major-like when considering either CL/ML (P = 0.041) or all leishmaniasis patients (P = 0.013). When samples from other infectious disease patients were evaluated for cross-reactivity, ELISA-rHsp83 was more specific than ELISA-L. major-like, specifically for Chagas disease samples (P < 0.001). We also evaluated the anti-rHsp83 antibody titers months after treatment and observed no significant difference in ML (P = 0.607) or CL (P = 0.205). We recommend ELISA-L. infantum-rHsp83 as a routine confirmatory serological assay for the diagnosis of Leishmania infection because of the high sensitivity, the specificity, and the insignificant cross-reactivity with other infectious diseases.
  • article 5 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Validation of ELISA with recombinant antigens in serological diagnosis of canine Leishmania infantum infection
    (2021) FUJIMORI, Mahyumi; ALMEIDA, Arleana do Bom Parto Ferreira de; BARROUIN-MELO, Stella Maria; CORTEZ, Luiz Ricardo Paes de Barros; DUTHIE, Malcolm Scott; HIRAMOTO, Roberto Mitsuyoshi; PINHO, Flaviane Alves de; REED, Steven Gregory; SOUSA, Valeria Regia Franco; SOUZA, Nazare Fonseca; SOARES, Rodrigo Martins; TOLEZANO, Jose Eduardo; SANCHEZ, Maria Carmen Arroyo; GOTO, Hiro
    BACKGROUND Dogs are the main peridomiciliary reservoir of Leishmania infantum thus the correct diagnosis of infection is essential for the control of the transmission and treatment as well. However, the diagnosis is based on serological assays that are not fully effective. OBJECTIVE We aimed to establish an effective serological assay for the diagnosis of L. infantum infected dogs using Leishmania-derived recombinant antigens. METHODS Leishmania derived rK39-, rK28-, rKR95-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was standardized using symptomatic and asymptomatic L. infantum-infected dogs. Then 2,530 samples from inquiry in endemic areas for VL were evaluated and the results compared with recommended assays by the Brazilian Ministry of Health (MH algorithm). Further samples from a cohort of 30 dogs were searched. FINDINGS For rK39-, rK28- and rKR95-ELISA the sensitivity was around 97% and specificity 100%. The positivity of these three ELISA in the inquiry samples was 27-28%, around 10% higher than the assays currently in use. When cohort samples were searched, we observed likely false-negative results (> 65%) with supposedly negative samples that turned positive six months later with the assays in use (MH algorithm). MAIN CONCLUSIONS For the diagnosis of L. infantum-infected dogs, rK39-based ELISA showed better diagnostic performance than other assays in use in Brazil and worldwide.
  • article 18 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    ATP6V(0)d2 controls Leishmania parasitophorous vacuole biogenesis via cholesterol homeostasis
    (2019) PESSOA, Carina Carraro; REIS, Luiza Campos; RAMOS-SANCHEZ, Eduardo Milton; ORIKAZA, Cristina Mary; CORTEZ, Cristian; LEVATTI, Erica Valadares de Castro; BADARO, Ana Carolina Benites; YAMAMOTO, Joyce Umbelino da Silva; D'ALMEIDA, Vania; GOTO, Hiro; MORTARA, Renato Arruda; REAL, Fernando
    V-ATPases are part of the membrane components of pathogen-containing vacuoles, although their function in intracellular infection remains elusive. In addition to organelle acidification, V-ATPases are alternatively implicated in membrane fusion and anti-inflammatory functions controlled by ATP6V(0)d2, the d subunit variant of the V-ATPase complex. Therefore, we evaluated the role of ATP6V(0)d2 in the biogenesis of pathogen-containing vacuoles using ATP6V(0)d2 knock-down macrophages infected with the protozoan parasite Leishmania amazonensis. These parasites survive within IFN gamma/LPS-activated inflammatory macrophages, multiplying in large/fusogenic parasitophorous vacuoles (PVs) and inducing ATP6V(0)d2 upregulation. ATP6V(0)d2 knock-down decreased macrophage cholesterol levels and inhibited PV enlargement without interfering with parasite multiplication. However, parasites required ATP6V(0)d2 to resist the influx of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL)-derived cholesterol, which restored PV enlargement in ATP6V(0)d2 knock-down macrophages by replenishing macrophage cholesterol pools. Thus, we reveal parasite-mediated subversion of host V-ATPase function toward cholesterol retention, which is required for establishing an inflammation-resistant intracellular parasite niche. Author summary V-ATPases control acidification and other processes at intracellular vesicles that bacteria and parasites exploit as compartments for replication and immune evasion. We report that the protozoan intracellular parasite Leishmania amazonensis resists inflammatory macrophage immune responses and upregulates an alternative isoform of subunit d of V-ATPase (ATP6V(0)d2). Leishmania are still sequestered within acidified parasitophorous vacuoles (PVs) in cells lacking ATP6V(0)d2, but these PVs do not enlarge in volume, a distinguishing feature of intracellular infection by these parasites. Cholesterol levels in ATP6V(0)d2-deficient cells are reduced and exogenous cholesterol repletion can restore vacuole size, leading to enhanced parasite killing. This study demonstrates the ATP6V(0)d2-mediated interplay of macrophage cholesterol retention and control of the biogenesis of large pathogen-containing vacuoles. The study provides grounds for the development of new therapeutic strategies for diseases caused by intracellular pathogens sheltered in host cell compartments.
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  • article 13 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    The interactions and essential effects of intrinsic insulin-like growth factor-I on Leishmania (Leishmania) major growth within macrophages
    (2013) REIS, L. C.; RAMOS-SANCHEZ, E. M.; GOTO, H.
    Previously, we showed in Leishmania infections that extrinsic insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I favored Leishmania proliferation and leishmaniasis development. In this study, the interaction of intrinsically expressed IGF-I and Leishmania (Leishmania) major in macrophages was addressed, and a key finding was the observation, using confocal microscopy, of the co-localization of IGF-I and parasites within macrophages. Following stimulation with interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), which is known to inhibit IGF-I production in macrophages, we observed a reduction in the expression of both IGF-I mRNA and protein. This reduced expression was accompanied by a reduction in the cellular parasite load that was completely recovered with the addition of extrinsic IGF-I, which suggests an essential role for IGF-I in Leishmania growth.
  • article 6 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Insulin-like growth factor-I serum levels and their biological effects on Leishmania isolates from different clinical forms of American tegumentary leishmaniasis
    (2016) SOUZA, Luana Dias de; VENDRAME, Celia Maria Vieira; JESUS, Amelia Ribeiro de; CARVALHO, Marcia Dias Teixeira; MAGALHAES, Andrea Santos; SCHRIEFER, Albert; GUIMARAES, Luiz Henrique; CARVALHO, Edgar Marcelino de; GOTO, Hiro
    Background: American tegumentary leishmaniasis (ATL) in Brazil is mostly caused by Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis, with known forms of the disease being cutaneous (CL), mucosal (ML) and disseminated (DL) leishmaniasis. The development of the lesion in ATL is related both to the persistence of the Leishmania in the skin and to the parasite-triggered immune and inflammatory responses that ensue lesions. In this context one factor with expected role in the pathogenesis is insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I with known effects on parasite growth and healing and inflammatory processes. In the present study, we addressed the effect of IGF-I on intracellular amastigote isolates from CL, ML and DL patients within human macrophage and we evaluated the IGF-I and IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP3) serum levels in patients presenting different clinical forms and controls from the endemic area. Methods: We evaluated biological variability in the responses of intracellular amastigotes of Leishmania isolates derived from CL, ML, and DL patients from an area for ATL in response to IGF-I. Intracellular amastigote growth was evaluated using the human macrophage cell line THP-1. Arginase activity in infected cells was evaluated quantifying the generated urea concentration. Serum samples from patients and controls were assayed using chemiluminescent immunometric assay to determine IGF-I and IGFBP3 levels. Results: We observed an increase in intracellular parasitism upon IGF-I stimulus in 62.5 % of isolates from CL, in 85.7 % from ML and only 42.8 % from DL cases. In DL, the basal arginase activity was lower than that of CL. We then evaluated the IGF-I and IGFBP3 serum levels in patients, and we observed significantly lower levels in ML and DL than in CL and control samples. Conclusions: The data suggest that IGF-I is modulated distinctly in different clinical forms of tegumentary leishmaniasis. IGF-I seemingly exerts effect on parasite growth likely contributing to its persistence in the skin in earlier phase. In addition the decreased IGF-I serum levels may affect the modulation of inflammation and lesion healing in chronic phase. In view of potential role of IGF-I in the pathogenesis of ATL we can speculate on therapeutic procedures taking into account the local IGF-I level.