(Fonte: Lattes)
Índice h a partir de 2011
Projetos de Pesquisa
Unidades Organizacionais
Instituto de Psiquiatria, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina

Resultados de Busca

Agora exibindo 1 - 10 de 33
  • bookPart
    Formulação de caso: enfoque biopsicossocial
    (2023) TORTATO, Liana Silva; SALLET, Paulo Clemente
  • bookPart
    Transtorno delirante
    (2021) SCARDOELLI, Maria Alice; SALLET, Paulo Clemente; ELKIS, Helio
  • article 4 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Increased platelet glycogen sysnthase kinase 3beta in first-episode psychosis
    (2018) JOAQUIM, Helena P. G.; ZANETTI, Marcus V.; SERPA, Mauricio H.; BILT, Martinus T. Van de; SALLET, Paulo C.; CHAIM, Tiffany M.; BUSATTO, Geraldo F.; GATTAZ, Wagner F.; TALIB, Leda L.
    Past studies have linked intracellular pathways related to psychotic disorders to the GSK3B enzyme. This study aimed to investigate GSK3B protein expression and phosphorylation in drug-naive first-episode psychosis patients (n = 43) at baseline and following symptom remission, and in healthy controls (n = 77). At baseline GSK3B total level was higher in patients (p < 0.001). In schizophrenia spectrum patients (n = 25) GSK3B total and phosphorylated levels were higher than in controls and patients with other non-affective psychotic disorders (n = 18) (p < 0.001; p = 0.027; p = 0.05 respectively). No enzyme changes were found after clinical remission. The implication of this finding for the biology of psychoses warrants further studies to clarify whether increased GSK3B may be useful as a biomarker for psychosis in general, and schizophrenia in particular.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Which are the best evidence-based therapeutic options for clozapine and ECT resistant schizophrenia? A case-report
    (2021) DAMIANO, Rodolfo Furlan; AVRICHIR, Belquiz S.; MELZER-RIBEIRO, Debora L.; SALLET, Paulo Clemente; ELKIS, Helio
    This is a case description of a patient with clozapine and ECT resistance schizophrenia with several suicide attempts. We discussed evidence-based clinical decisions to deal with such conditions.
  • article 95 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Patterns of regional gray matter loss at different stages of schizophrenia: A multisite, cross-sectional VBM study in first-episode and chronic illness
    (2016) TORRES, Ulysses S.; DURAN, Fabio L. S.; SCHAUFELBERGER, Maristela S.; CRIPPA, Jose A. S.; LOUZA, Mario R.; SALLET, Paulo C.; KANEGUSUKU, Caroline Y. O.; ELKIS, Helio; GATTAZ, Wagner F.; BASSITT, Debora P.; ZUARDI, AntonioW.; HALLAK, Jaime Eduardo C.; LEITE, Claudia C.; CASTRO, Claudio C.; SANTOS, Antonio Carlos; MURRAY, Robin M.; BUSATTO, Geraldo F.
    Background: Structural brain abnormalities in schizophrenia have been repeatedly demonstrated in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies, but it remains unclear whether these are static or progressive in nature. While longitudinalMRI studies have been traditionally used to assess the issue of progression of brain abnormalities in schizophrenia, information from cross-sectional neuroimaging studies directly comparing first-episode and chronic schizophrenia patients to healthy controls may also be useful to further clarify this issue. With the recent interest in multisite mega-analyses combining structural MRI data from multiple centers aiming at increased statistical power, the present multisite voxel-basedmorphometry (VBM) studywas carried out to examine patterns of brain structural changes according to the different stages of illness and to ascertainwhich (if any) of such structural abnormalities would be specifically correlated to potential clinical moderators, including cumulative exposure to antipsychotics, age of onset, illness duration and overall illness severity. Methods: Wegathered a large sample of schizophrenia patients (161, being 99 chronic and 62 first-episode) and controls (151) fromfour previousmorphometricMRI studies (1.5 T) carried out in the same geographical region of Brazil. Image processing and analyses were conducted using Statistical Parametric Mapping (SPM8) software with the diffeomorphic anatomical registration through exponentiated Lie algebra (DARTEL) algorithm. Group effects on regional gray matter (GM) volumes were investigated through whole-brain voxel-wise comparisons using General LinearModel Analysis of Co-variance (ANCOVA), always including total GMvolume, scan protocol, age and gender as nuisance variables. Finally, correlation analyseswere performed between the aforementioned clinical moderators and regional and global brain volumes. Results: First-episode schizophrenia subjects displayed subtle volumetric deficits relative to controls in a circumscribed brain regional network identified only in small volume-corrected (SVC) analyses (p < 0.05, FWE-corrected), including the insula, temporolimbic structures and striatum. Chronic schizophrenia patients, on the other hand, demonstrated an extensive pattern of regional GM volume decreases relative to controls, involving bilateral superior, inferior and orbital frontal cortices, right middle frontal cortex, bilateral anterior cingulate cortices, bilateral insulae and right superior and middle temporal cortices (p < 0.05, FWE-corrected over the whole brain). GM volumes in several of those brain regionswere directly correlated with age of disease onset on SVC analyses for conjoined (first-episode and chronic) schizophrenia groups. There were also widespread foci of significant negative correlation between duration of illness and relative GM volumes, but such findings remained significant only for the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex after accounting for the influence of age of disease onset. Finally, significant negative correlations were detected between life-time cumulative exposure to antipsychotics and total GM and white matter volumes in schizophrenia patients, but no significant relationship was found between indices of antipsychotic usage and relative GM volume in any specific brain region. Conclusion: The above data indicate that brain changes associated with the diagnosis of schizophrenia are more widespread in chronic schizophrenia compared to first-episode patients. Our findings also suggest that relative GM volume deficits may be greater in (presumably more severe) cases with earlier age of onset, as well as varying as a function of illness duration in specific frontal brain regions. Finally, our results highlight the potentially complex effects of the continued use of antipsychotic drugs on structural brain abnormalities in schizophrenia, as we found that cumulative doses of antipsychotics affected brain volumes globally rather than selectively on frontal-temporal regions. (C) 2016 The Authors.
  • bookPart
    Psiquiatria, sociologia, antropologia e filosofia
    (2021) RAMADAM, Zacaria Borge Ali; SALLET, Paulo Clemente
  • article 8 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Cortical surface abnormalities are different depending on the stage of schizophrenia: A cross-sectional vertexwise mega-analysis of thickness, area and gyrification
    (2021) ROSA, Pedro Gomes Penteado; ZUGMAN, Andre; CERQUEIRA, Carlos Toledo; SERPA, Mauricio Henriques; DURAN, Fabio Luis de Souza; ZANETTI, Marcus Vinicius; BASSITT, Debora Pastore; ELKIS, Helio; CRIPPA, Jose Alexandre S.; SALLET, Paulo Clemente; GATTAZ, Wagner Farid; HALLAK, Jaime Eduardo Cecilio; LOUZA, Mario Rodrigues; GADELHA, Ary; JACKOWSKI, Andrea Parolin; BRESSAN, Rodrigo Affonseca; BUSATTO FILHO, Geraldo
    Background: Brain magnetic resonance imaging studies have not investigated the cortical surface comprehensively in schizophrenia subjects by assessing thickness, surface area and gyrification separately during the first episode of psychosis (FEP) or chronic schizophrenia (ChSch). Methods: We investigated cortical surface abnormalities in 137 FEP patients and 240 ChSch subjects compared to 297 Healthy Controls (HC) contributed by five cohorts. Maps showing results of vertexwise between-group comparisons of cortical thickness, area, and gyrification were produced using T1-weighted datasets processed using FreeSurfer 5.3, followed by validated quality control protocols. Results: FEP subjects showed large clusters of increased area and gyrification relative to HC in prefrontal and insuli cortices (Cohen's d: 0.049 to 0.28). These between-group differences occurred partially beyond the effect of sample. ChSch subjects displayed reduced cortical thickness relative to HC in smaller fronto-temporal foci (d:-0.73 to-0.35), but not beyond the effect of sample. Differences between FEP and HC subjects were associated with male gender, younger age, and earlier illness onset, while differences between ChSch and HC were associated with treatment-resistance and first-generation antipsychotic (FGA) intake independently of sample effect. Conclusions: Separate assessments of FEP and ChSch revealed abnormalities that differed in regional distribution, phenotypes affected and effect size. In FEP, associations of greater cortical area and gyrification abnormalities with earlier age of onset suggest an origin on anomalous neurodevelopment, while thickness reductions in ChSch are at least partially explained by treatment-resistance and FGA intake. Associations of between-group differences with clinical variables retained statistical significance beyond the effect of sample.
  • bookPart
    Alterações da psicomotricidade
    (2021) SALLET, Paulo Clemente; LINS, Thiago Viegas Gomes
  • article 24 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    The Impact of Temperament and Character Inventory Personality Traits on Long-Term Outcome of Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass
    (2014) GORDON, Pedro Caldana; SALLET, Jose Afonso; SALLET, Paulo Clemente
    A significant proportion of patients who undergo bariatric surgery fail to achieve enduring weight loss. Previous studies suggest that psychosocial variables affect postoperative outcome, although this subject is still considered unclear. The purpose of this study is to further investigate the impact of psychosocial variables on Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) outcomes over long-term follow-up. Individuals eligible for bariatric surgery were evaluated using validated psychopathological scales and the Temperament and Character Inventory in a specialized clinic for bariatric treatment. Adult patients who had RYGB were selected for the study. Percent of excess weight loss (%EWL) was measured after surgery at 6 months, 1 year, 2 years, and on the last clinical observation. This study included 333 subjects who had RYGB. Before surgery, mean age was 35.4 years (+/- 9.5) and mean BMI was 43.3 kg/m(2) (+/- 4.8). Higher baseline age and BMI were associated with lower %EWL across endpoints, although this association diminished over time. Follow up at 2 years and on the last clinical observation demonstrated that lower scores on the persistence personality variable and lower body dissatisfaction before surgery predicted lower %EWL. Psychosocial variables and personality traits assessed during preoperative evaluation significantly predicted weight loss after bariatric surgery. Greater impact was observed in long-term follow-up at 2 years. These findings provide guidance in identifying patients at risk for worse outcomes and designing interventions to improve long-term weight loss.
  • bookPart
    Estrutura e técnicas da entrevista psiquiátrica
    (2023) SALLET, Paulo Clemente