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LIM/58 - Laboratório de Ginecologia Estrutural e Molecular, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina

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Agora exibindo 1 - 10 de 20
  • article 12 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Polypropylene and polypropylene/polyglecaprone (Ultrapro(r)) meshes in the repair of incisional hernia in rats
    (2015) UTIYAMA, Edivaldo Massazo; ROSA, Maria Beatriz Sartor de Faria; ANDRES, Marina de Paula; MIRANDA, Jocielle Santos de; DAMOUS, Sérgio Henrique Bastos; BIROLINI, Cláudio Augusto Vianna; DAMOUS, Luciana Lamarão; MONTERO, Edna Frasson de Souza
    PURPOSE: To compare the inflammatory response of three different meshes on abdominal hernia repair in an experimental model of incisional hernia. METHODS: Median fascial incision and skin synthesis was performed on 30 Wistar rats. After 21 days, abdominal hernia developed was corrected as follows: 1) No mesh; 2) Polypropylene mesh; and, 3) Ultrapro(r) mesh. After 21 days, the mesh and surrounding tissue were submitted to macroscopic (presence of adhesions, mesh retraction), microscopic analysis to identify and quantify the inflammatory and fibrotic response using a score based on a predefined scale of 0-3 degrees, evaluating infiltration of macrophages, giant cells, neutrophils and lymphocytes. RESULTS: No significant difference was seen among groups in adherences, fibrosis, giant cells, macrophages, neutrophils or lymphocytes (p>0.05). Mesh shrinkage was observed in all groups, but also no difference was observed between polypropylene and Ultrapro mesh (7.0±9.9 vs. 7.4±10.1, respectively, p=0.967). Post-operatory complications included fistula, abscess, dehiscence, serohematic collection and reherniation, but with no difference among groups (p=0.363). CONCLUSION: There is no difference between polypropylene (high-density) and Ultrapro(r) (low-density) meshes at 21 days after surgery in extraperitoneal use in rats, comparing inflammatory response, mesh shortening, adhesions or complications.
  • article 21 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Adipose tissue-derived stem cell therapy in rat cryopreserved ovarian grafts
    (2015) DAMOUS, Luciana Lamarao; NAKAMUTA, Juliana Sanajotti; CARVALHO, Ana Elisa Teofilo Saturi de; SOARES- JR., Jose Maria; SIMOES, Manuel de Jesus; KRIEGER, Jose Eduardo; BARACAT, Edmund C.
    The preliminary results of ovarian transplantation in clinical practice are encouraging. However, the follicular depletion caused by ischemic injury is a main concern and is directly related to short-term graft survival. Cell therapy with adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs) could be an alternative to induce early angiogenesis in the graft. This study aimed to evaluate ASCs therapy in rat cryopreserved ovarian grafts. A single dose of rat ASC (rASCs) or vehicle was injected into the bilateral cryopreserved ovaries of twelve adult female rats immediately after an autologous transplant. Daily vaginal smears were performed for estrous cycle evaluation until euthanasia on postoperative day 30. Follicle viability, graft morphology and apoptosis were assessed. No differences were found with respect to estrous cycle resumption and follicle viability (P > 0.05). However, compared with the vehicle-treated grafts, the morphology of the ASCs-treated grafts was impaired, with diffuse atrophy and increased apoptosis (P < 0.05). ASCs direct injected in the stroma of rat cryopreserved ovarian grafts impaired its morphology although may not interfere with the functional resumption on short-term. Further investigations are necessary to evaluated whether it could compromise their viability in the long-term.
  • conferenceObject
    Bilateral Inguinal Hernia Repair and Male Fertility: A Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing Lichtenstein vs Laparoscopic Transabdominal Preperitoneal
    (2022) DAMOUS, Sergio H. B.; DAMOUS, Luciana L.; BORGES, Victor A.; FONTELLA, Amanda K.; MIRANDA, Jocielle S.; KOIKE, Marcia K.; SAITO, Osmar C.; BIROLINI, Claudio A. V.; UTIYAMA, Edivaldo M.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Bilateral inguinal hernia repair and male fertility: a randomized clinical trial comparing Lichtenstein versus laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) technique
    (2023) DAMOUS, Sergio Henrique Bastos; DAMOUS, Luciana Lamarao; BORGES, Victor Andre; FONTELLA, Amanda Karsburg; MIRANDA, Jocielle dos Santos; KOIKE, Marcia Kiyomi; SAITO, Osmar Cassio; BIROLINI, Claudio Augusto Vianna; UTIYAMA, Edivaldo Massazo
    Background The effects of hernia repair on testicular function remain uncertain, regardless of the technique used. Studies that analyze testicular volume and flow after hernia repair or hormonal measurements are scarce and show contradictory results. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of bilateral inguinal hernia repair on male fertility in surgical patients in whom the Lichtenstein and laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) techniques were used.Methods A randomized clinical trial comparing open (Lichtenstein) versus laparoscopic (TAPP) hernia repair using polypropylene mesh was performed in 48 adult patients (20 to 60 years old) with primary bilateral inguinal hernia. Patients were evaluated preoperatively and 90 and 180 postoperative (PO) days. Sex hormones (Testosterone, FSH, LH and SHGB) analysis, testicular ultrasonography, semen quality sexual activity changes and quality of life (QoL) were performed. Postoperative pain was evaluated using the visual analog scale (VAS).Results Thirty-seven patients with aged of 44 +/- 11 years were included, 19 operated on Lichtenstein and 18 operated on TAPP. The surgical time was similar between techniques. The pain was greater in the Lichtenstein group on the 7th PO day. The biochemical and hormonal analyses, testicular ultrasonography (Doppler, testicular volume, and morphological findings) and sperm quality were similar between groups. However, the sperm morphology was better in the Lichtenstein group after 180 days (p < 0.05 vs. preoperative) and two patients who underwent Lichtenstein hernia repair had oligospermia after 180 days. The QoL evaluation showed a significant improvement after surgery in the following domains: physical function, role emotional, bodily pain and general health (p < 0.05). On comparison of Lichtenstein vs. TAPP none of the domains showed statistically significant differences. No patient reported sexual changes.Conclusion Bilateral inguinal hernia repair with polypropylene mesh, whether using Lichtenstein or TAPP, does not impair male fertility in terms of long-term outcomes.Trial registration: Approved by the Ethics Committee for the Analysis of Research Projects (CAPPesq) of the HC/FMUSP, Number 2.974.457, in June 2015, Registered on Plataforma Brasil in October 2015 under Protocol 45535015.4.0000.0068. Registered on, NCT 05799742. Enrollment of the first subject in January 2016.
  • conferenceObject
    Proliferative Activity and Neovascularization of the Ovarian Graft in Rats Treated with N-Acetylcysteine
    (2012) DURANDO, M. C. S.; GOMES, E. A. M.; DAMOUS, L. L.; SIMOES, M. J.; JACYSYN, J. F.; MONTERO, E. F. S.
  • article 20 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Melatonin influence in ovary transplantation: systematic review
    (2016) SHIROMA, M. E.; BOTELHO, N. M.; DAMOUS, L. L.; BARACAT, E. C.; SOARES- JR., J. M.
    Melatonin is an indolamine produced by the pineal gland and it can exert a potent antioxidant effect. Its free radical scavenger properties have been used to advantage in different organ transplants in animal experiments. Several concentrations and administration pathways have been tested and melatonin has shown encouraging beneficial results in many transplants of organs such as the liver, lungs, heart, pancreas, and kidneys. The objective of the present study was to review the scientific literature regarding the use of melatonin in ovary transplantation. A systematic review following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement was carried out using the Cochrane and Pubmed databases and employing the terms 'melatonin' AND 'ovary' AND 'transplantation.' After analysis, 5 articles were extracted addressing melatonin use in ovary transplants and involving 503 animals. Melatonin enhanced various graft aspects like morphology, apoptosis, immunological reaction, revascularization, oxidative stress, and survival rate. Melatonin's antioxidative and antiapoptotic properties seemingly produce positive effects on ovarian graft activity. Despite the promising results, further studies in humans need to be conducted to consolidate its use, as ovary transplantation for fertility preservation is gradually being moved from the experimental stage to a clinical setting.
  • article 9 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Progressive Evaluation of Apoptosis, Proliferation, and Angiogenesis in Fresh Rat Ovarian Autografts Under Remote Ischemic Preconditioning
    (2016) DAMOUS, Luciana Lamarao; SILVA, Sonia Maria da; CARBONEL, Adriana Aparecida Ferraz; SIMOES, Manuel de Jesus; BARACAT, Edmund Chada; MONTERO, Edna Frasson de Souza
    This study evaluated the remote ischemic preconditioning (R-IPC) early and late repercussion on fresh ovarian transplants, aiming to assess a probable protective effect in ovarian follicular pool. Sixty Wistar EPM-1 rats were used, divided in 2 study groups: ovarian transplantation (Tx) and Tx + R-IPC, submitted to ovary transplant with or without R-IPC, respectively. These groups were subdivided according to the date for euthanasia: 4th, 7th, 14th, 21st, and 30th days of the postoperatory period. Morphology, morphometry, neoangiogenesis (vascular endothelial growth factor [VEGF]), proliferative activity (Ki-67), and apoptosis (cleaved caspase-3) were evaluated. Remote ischemic preconditioning was performed in the common iliac artery. Fresh autologous ovarian tissue was implanted integrally in the retroperitoneum. All animals showed resumption of estrous phase after ovary transplantation. Remote ischemic preconditioning attenuated the lesions progressively from the 7th day, with greater number of the immature follicles (14 days, P < .05), but didn't affect mature follicles and corpora lutea (P > .05). Immunohistochemical analyzes, taken as a whole, show that R-IPC benefic effect is more evident in the later periods of evaluation, when a greater proliferative activity (14, 21, and 30 days, P < .05) and lesser cell apoptotic activity (21 and 30 days, P < .05). The VEGF expression was similar in all times (P > .05). Remote ischemic preconditioning could have a benefic effect in the progressive evaluation of freshly grafted ovarian, especially on the latest phases of the posttransplant period. The 14th day was a landmark in the recuperation of the graft. Further investigations are necessary to determine the role of R-IPC in this scenario and its effect in frozen-thawed ovarian tissue.
  • conferenceObject
    Effects of polypropylene mesh in testis and duct deferens in rats: a comparative study of two approaches
    (2015) UTIYAMA, Edivaldo M.; DAMOUS, Sergio H.; MIRANDA, Jocielle S.; SANDERS, Felipe Hada; PARDO, Maisa H.; PARDO, Maisa; MONTERO, Edna F. S.; DAMOUS, Luciana L.; DAMOUS, Luciana; BIROLINI, Claudio
  • article 26 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Does adipose tissue-derived stem cell therapy improve graft quality in freshly grafted ovaries?
    (2015) DAMOUS, Luciana L.; NAKAMUTA, Juliana S.; CARVALHO, Ana E. T. Saturi de; CARVALHO, Katia Candido; SOARES- JR., Jose Maria; SIMOES, Manuel de Jesus; KRIEGER, Jose Eduardo; BARACAT, Edmund Chada
    Background: A major concern in ovarian transplants is substantial follicle loss during the initial period of hypoxia. Adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs) have been employed to improve angiogenesis when injected into ischemic tissue. This study evaluated the safety and efficacy of adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs) therapy in the freshly grafted ovaries 30 days after injection. Methods: Rat ASCs (rASCs) obtained from transgenic rats expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP)-(5 x 10(4) cells/ovary) were injected in topic (intact) or freshly grafted ovaries of 30 twelve-week-old adult female Wistar rats. The whole ovary was grafted in the retroperitoneum without vascular anastomosis, immediately after oophorectomy. Vaginal smears were performed daily to assess the resumption of the estrous cycle. Estradiol levels, grafts morphology and follicular viability and density were analyzed. Immunohistochemistry assays were conducted to identify and quantify rASC-GFP(+), VEGF tissue expression, apoptosis (cleaved caspase-3 and TUNEL), and cell proliferation (Ki-67). Quantitative gene expression (qPCR) for VEGF-A, Bcl2, EGF and TGF-beta 1 was evaluated using RT-PCR and a double labeling immunofluorescence assay for GFP and Von Willebrand Factor (VWF) was performed. Results: Grafted ovaries treated with rASC-GFP(+) exhibited earlier resumption of the estrous phase (p < 0.05), increased VEGF-A expression (11-fold in grafted ovaries and 5-fold in topic ovaries vs. control) and an increased number of blood vessels (p < 0.05) in ovarian tissue without leading to apoptosis or cellular proliferation (p > 0.05). Estradiol levels were similar among groups (p > 0.05). rASC-GFP(+) were observed in similar quantities in the topic and grafted ovaries (p > 0.05), and double-labeling for GFP and vWF was observed in both injected groups. Conclusion: rASC therapy in autologous freshly ovarian grafts could be feasible and safe, induces earlier resumption of the estrous phase and enhances blood vessels in rats. This pilot study may be useful in the future for new researches on frozen-thawed ovarian tissue.
  • article 1 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Does a bilateral polypropylene mesh alter the duct deferens morphology, testicular size and testosterone levels? Experimental study in rats
    (2020) DAMOUS, Sergio Henrique Bastos; DAMOUS, Luciana Lamarao; MIRANDA, Jocielle dos Santos; MONTERO, Edna Frasson de Souza; BIROLINI, Claudio; UTIYAMA, Edivaldo Massazo
    Purpose: To evaluate the effect of a PP mesh on duct deferens morphology, testicular size and testosterone levels. Methods: Forty adult male rats were distributed into groups: 1) no surgery; 2) inguinotomy; 3) mesh placed on the duct deferens; and 4) mesh placed on the spermatic funiculus. After 90 postoperative days, the inguinal region was resected, and blood samples were collected for the measurement of serum testosterone (pg/dl). The ducts deferens were sectioned in three axial sections according to the relationship with the mesh - cranial, medial and caudal. The wall thickness and duct deferens lumen area were measured. Results: The morphology of the duct deferens was preserved in all groups. The mesh placement did not alter this morphology in any of the analyzed segments. Surgery, with or without mesh placement, did not alter the morphology, wall thickness or lumen area (p>0.05). In all operated groups, serum testosterone levels were similar (p>0.05) but there was a decrease in testicle size (p<0.05). Conclusion: Surgery, with or without mesh placement, did not alter the morphology of the duct deferens and, although this treatment resulted in testicular size reduction, it did not affect serum testosterone levels.