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Projetos de Pesquisa
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Instituto Central, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina
LIM/28 - Laboratório de Cirurgia Vascular e da Cabeça e Pescoço, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina - Líder

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Agora exibindo 1 - 10 de 44
  • article 23 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Parathyroidectomy Improves Restless Leg Syndrome in Patients on Hemodialysis
    (2016) SANTOS, Roberto Savio Silva; COELHO, Fernando Morgadinho Santos; SILVA, Bruno Caldin da; GRACIOLLI, Fabiana Giorgeti; DOMINGUEZ, Wagner Velasquez; MONTENEGRO, Fabio Luiz de Menezes; JORGETTI, Vanda; MOYSES, Rosa Maria Affonso; ELIAS, Rosilene Motta
    Background Restless leg syndrome (RLS) is a sleep disorder with high prevalence among patients on hemodialysis. It has been postulated that high phosphate and high parathyroid hormone may be implicated in its pathogenesis. Standard international criteria and face-to-face interview are not always applied. Methods this was an interventional prospective study in which 19 patients (6 men, aged 48+/-11 years) with severe hyperparathyroidism were evaluated. RLS diagnosis and rating scale were accessed based on the International RLS Study Group pre- and post-parathyroidectomy. Patients also underwent standard polysomnography. Results At baseline, RLS was present in 10 patients (52.6%), and pain was the most reported symptom associated with the diagnosis. Patients with RLS had higher serum phosphate (p = 0.008) that remained independently associated with RLS in a logistic regression model, adjusted for hemoglobin, age and gender (HR = 7.28; CI = 1.14-46.3, p = 0.035). After parathyroidectomy, there was a reduction of serum parathyroid hormone, phosphate, calcium and alkaline phosphatase, and an increase of 25(OH)-vitamin D, and Fetuin-A. Parathyroidectomy alleviated RLS (from 52% to 21%; p = 0.04), which was accompanied by a decrease in severity scale, in association with relief of pain and pruritus. Polysomnography in these patients showed an improvement of sleep parameters as measured by sleep efficiency, sleep latency and percentage of REM sleep. Conclusion RLS is associated with high levels of phosphate in patients with severe secondary hyperparathyroidism on hemodialysis. Pain is most reported complain in these patients. Parathyroidectomy provided an opportunity to relief RLS. Whether the reduction of serum phosphorus or parathyroid hormone contributed to this improvement merits further investigation.
  • article 10 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Tratamento cirúrgico do hiperparatireoidismo secundário: revisão sistematizada da literatura
    (2014) MAGNABOSCO, Felipe Ferraz; TAVARES, Marcos Roberto; MONTENEGRO, Fabio Luiz de Menezes
    Secondary hyperparathyroidism (HPT) has a high prevalence in renal patients. Secondary HPT results from disturbances in mineral homeostasis, particularly calcium, which stimulates the parathyroid glands, increasing the secretion of parathyroid hormone (PTH). Prolonged stimulation can lead to autonomy in parathyroid function. Initial treatment is clinical, but parathyroidectomy (PTx) may be required. PTx can be subtotal or total followed or not followed by parathyroid tissue autograft. We compared the indications and results of these strategies as shown in the literature through a systematic literature review on surgical treatment of secondary HPT presented in MedLine and LILACS from January 2008 to March 2014. The search terms were: hyperparathyroidism; secondary hyperparathyroidism; parathyroidectomy and parathyroid glands, restricted to research only in humans, articles available in electronic media, published in Portuguese, Spanish, English or French. We selected 49 articles. Subtotal and total PTx followed by parathyroid tissue autograft were the most used techniques, without consensus on the most effective surgical procedure, although there was a preference for the latter. The choice depends on surgeon's experience. There was consensus on the need to identify all parathyroid glands and cryopreservation of parathyroid tissue whenever possible to graft if hypoparathyroidism arise. Imaging studies may be useful, especially in recurrences. Alternative treatments of secondary HPT, both interventional and conservative, require further study.
  • article 28 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Parathyroidectomy after kidney transplantation: short- and long-term impact on renal function
    (2011) FERREIRA, Gustavo Fernandes; MONTENEGRO, Fabio Luiz de Menezes; MACHADO, David Jose; IANHEZ, Luiz Estevam; NAHAS, William Carlos; DAVID-NETO, Elias
    INTRODUCTION: Kidney transplantation corrects endocrine imbalances. Nevertheless, these early favorable events are not always followed by rapid normalization of parathyroid hormone secretion. A possible deleterious effect of parathyroidectomy on kidney transplant function has been reported. This study aimed to compare acute and long-term renal changes after total parathyroidectomy with those occurring after general surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective case-controlled study. Nineteen patients with persistent hyperparathyroidism underwent parathyroidectomy due to hypercalcemia. The control group included 19 patients undergoing various general and urological operations. RESULTS: In the parathyroidectomy group, a significant increase in serum creatinine from 1.58 to 2.29 mg/dl (P < 0.05) was noted within the first 5 days after parathyroidectomy. In the control group, a statistically insignificant increase in serum creatinine from 1.49 to 1.65 mg/dl occurred over the same time period. The long-term mean serum creatinine level was not statistically different from baseline either in the parathyroidectomy group (final follow-up creatinine = 1.91 mg/dL) or in the non-parathyroidectomy group (final follow-up creatinine = 1.72 mg/dL). CONCLUSION: Although renal function deteriorates in the acute period following parathyroidectomy, long-term stabilization occurs, with renal function similar to both preoperative function and to a control group of kidney-transplanted patients who underwent other general surgical operations by the final follow up.
  • article 20 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Could the Less-Than Subtotal Parathyroidectomy Be an Option for Treating Young Patients With Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1-Related Hyperparathyroidism?
    (2019) MONTENEGRO, Fabio Luiz de Menezes; BRESCIA, Manilla D'Elboux Guimaraes; JR, Delmar Muniz Lourenco; ARAP, Sergio Samir; D'ALESSANDRO, Andre Fernandes; SILVA FILHO, Gilberto de Britto e; TOLEDO, Sergio Pereira de Almeida
    Background: The surgical treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism (HPT) in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) has evolved due the concern of permanent hypoparathyroidism. As the diagnosis has increased, the extent of operation has decreased. Most MEN1 patients requiring parathyroidectomy are younger than 50 years and they pose a difficult balance to achieve between persistent HPT and life-long hypoparathyroidism. The aim of the present study is to review our experience with a large series of patients with MEN1-related HPT (HPT/MEN1) treated at a single institution in order to find clues to a better treatment decision in these younger cases. Method: Retrospective analysis of consecutive HPT/MEN1 cases treated at a single institution with different operations: total parathyroidectomy and immediate forearm autograft (TPTX-AG), subtotal (STPTX), unintentional less than subtotal (U-LSTPTX) and intentional less than subtotal parathyroidectomy (I-LSTPTX). Results: Considering 84 initial cases operated on since 2011 (TPTX-AG, 39; STPTX, 22, U-LSTPTX, 13, and I-LSTPTX, 10), the rates of hypoparathyroidism were 30.8% (U-LSTPTX), 28.2% (TPTX-AG), 13.6% (STPTX), and 0% (I-LSTPTX). Two-thirds of them (68%; 57/84) were young (< 50 years) or asdolescents. MIBI scan was more sensitive to show parathyroid glands and bilateral disease. Considering the concordance of MIBI and ultrasound for the possibility of unilateral clearance, it would be suitable to 22.6% of the cases. Intra-operative parathormone showed a significant decay even after unilateral exploration, but longer follow up is necessary. Overall, there were seven (4%) adolescents in 161 cases treated from 1987 to 2018, three underwent TPTX-AG and four had U-LSTPTX. Five are euparathyroid, one had mild recurrence, and one required a reoperation after 8 years due to the residual gland. Conclusions: Young patients are the most frequent candidates to parathyroidectomy. Less extensive procedures may be planned only if carefully reviewed preoperative imaging studies suggest a localized disease. Patients and their relatives should be fully informed of the risks and benefits during consent process. Future research with larger cohorts and long-term results are necessary to clarify if less than I-LSPTX or unilateral clearance are really adequate in selected groups of patients with HPT/MEN1 presenting lower volume of disease detected by preoperative imaging studies.
  • bookPart
    Cuidados pré e pós-operatórios em cirurgia de cabeça e pescoço
    (2023) MONTENEGRO, Fábio Luiz de Menezes; MAGNABOSCO, Felipe Ferraz; KOWALSKI, Luiz Paulo
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Time to Recurrence as a Prognostic Factor in Parathyroid Carcinoma
    (2023) MAGNABOSCO, Felipe Ferraz; BRESCIA, Marilia D'Elboux Guimaraes; NASCIMENTO JUNIOR, Climerio Pereira; MASSONI NETO, Ledo Mazzei; ARAP, Sergio Samir; CASTRO JUNIOR, Gilberto de; LEDESMA, Felipe Lourenco; ALVES, Venancio Avancini Ferreira; KOWALSKI, Luiz Paulo; MARTIN, Regina Matsunaga; MONTENEGRO, Fabio Luiz de Menezes
    Background Parathyroid carcinoma (PC) is a rare and challenging disease without clearly understood prognostic factors. Adequate management can improve outcomes. Characteristics of patients treated for PC over time and factors affecting prognosis were analyzed. Methods Retrospective cohort study including surgically treated patients for PC between 2000 and 2021. If malignancy was suspected, free-margin resection was performed. Demographic, clinical, laboratory, surgical, pathological, and follow-up characteristics were assessed. Results Seventeen patients were included. Mean tumor size was 32.5 mm, with 64.7% staged as pT1/pT2. None had lymph node involvement at admission, and 2 had distant metastases. Parathyroidectomy with ipsilateral thyroidectomy was performed in 82.2%. Mean postoperative calcium levels were different between patients who developed recurrence vs those who did not (P = .03). Six patients (40%) had no recurrence during follow-up, 2 (13.3%) only regional, 3 (20%) only distant, and 4 (26.6%) both regional and distant. At 5 and 10 years, 79% and 56% of patients were alive, respectively. Median disease-free survival was 70 months. Neither Tumor, Nodule, Metastasis system nor largest tumor dimension (P = .29 and P = .74, respectively) were predictive of death. En bloc resection was not superior to other surgical modalities (P = .97). Time between initial treatment and development of recurrence negatively impacted overall survival rate at 36 months (P = .01). Conclusion Patients with PC can survive for decades and have indolent disease course. Free margins seem to be the most important factor in initial surgery. Recurrence was common (60%), but patients with disease recurrence within 36 months of initial surgery had a lower survival rate.
  • bookPart
    Practical Tips for the Surgical Management of Secondary Hyperparathyroidism
    (2012) MONTENEGRO, Fabio Luiz de Menezes; SANTOS, Rodrigo Oliveira; CORDEIRO, Anal Castro
  • article 5 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    SDHB large deletions are associated with absence of MIBG uptake in metastatic lesions of malignant paragangliomas
    (2021) PETENUCI, Janaina; FAGUNDES, Gustavo F. C.; BENEDETTI, Anna Flavia F.; GUIMARAES, Augusto G.; AFONSO, Ana Caroline F.; MOTA, Flavia T.; MAGALHAES, Aurea Luiza F.; COURA-FILHO, George B.; ZERBINI, Maria Claudia N.; SIQUEIRA, Sheila; MONTENEGRO, Fabio L. M.; SROUGI, Victor; TANNO, Fabio Y.; CHAMBO, Jose Luis; FERRARI, Marcela S. S.; BEZERRA NETO, Joao Evangelista; PEREIRA, Maria Adelaide A.; LATRONICO, Ana Claudia; FRAGOSO, Maria Candida B. V.; MENDONCA, Berenice B.; HOFF, Ana O.; ALMEIDA, Madson Q.
  • article 14 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Germline mutation landscape of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 using full gene next-generation sequencing
    (2018) CARVALHO, Rafael A.; URTREMARI, Betsaida; JORGE, Alexander A. L.; SANTANA, Lucas S.; QUEDAS, Elisangela P. S.; SEKIYA, Tomoko; LONGUINI, Viviane C.; MONTENEGRO, Fabio L. M.; LERARIO, Antonio M.; TOLEDO, Sergio P. A.; MARX, Stephen J.; TOLEDO, Rodrigo A.; JR, Delmar M. Lourenco
    Background: Loss-of-function germline MEN1 gene mutations account for 75-95% of patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1). It has been postulated that mutations in non-coding regions of MEN1 might occur in some of the remaining patients; however, this hypothesis has not yet been fully investigated. Objective: To sequence for the entire MEN1 including promoter, exons and introns in a large MEN1 cohort and determine the mutation profile. Methods and patients: A target next-generation sequencing (tNGS) assay comprising 7.2 kb of the full MEN1 was developed to investigate germline mutations in 76 unrelated MEN1 probands (49 familial, 27 sporadic). tNGS results were validated by Sanger sequencing (SS), and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) assay was applied when no mutations were identifiable by both tNGS and SS. Results: Germline MEN1 variants were verified in coding region and splicing sites of 57/76 patients (74%) by both tNGS and SS (100% reproducibility). Thirty-eight different pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants were identified, including 13 new and six recurrent variants. Three large deletions were detected by MLPA only. No mutation was detected in 16 patients. In untranslated, regulatory or in deep intronic MEN1 regions of the 76 MEN1 cases, no point or short indel pathogenic variants were found in untranslated, although 33 benign/likely benign and three new VUS variants were detected. Conclusions: Our study documents that point or short indel mutations in non-coding regions of MEN1 are very rare events. Also, tNGS proved to be a highly effective technology for routine genetic MEN1 testing.
  • article 2 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Successful parathyroid tissue autograft after 3 years of cryopreservation: a case report
    (2014) LEITE, Ana K. N.; JUNIOR, Climerio P. do N.; ARAP, Sergio S.; MASSONI, Ledo; LOURENCO, Delmar M.; BRANDAO, Lenine Garcia; MONTENEGRO, Fabio L. de M.
    After a total parathyroidectomy, well-established protocols for the cryopreservation of parathyroid tissue and for the delayed autograft of this tissue exist, especially in cases of secondary hiperparathyroidism (HPT) or familial or sporadic parathyroid hyperplasia. Although delayed autografts are effective, the published success rates vary from 10% to 83%. There are numerous factors that influence the viability, and therefore the success, of an autograft, including cryopreservation time. Certain authors believe that the tissue is only viable for 24 months, but there is no consensus on how long the parathyroid tissue can be preserved. A 63-year-old male who was diagnosed with sporadic multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 and primary hyperparathyroidism, and was submitted to a total parathyroidectomy and an autograft in the forearm. The implant failed, and the patient developed severe hypoparathyroidism in the months following the surgery. Thirty-six months after the total parathyroidectomy, the cryopreserved autograft was successfully transplanted, and hypoparathyroidism was reversed (most recent systemic parathyroid hormone, PTH, of 36 pg/mL, and total calcium of 9.1 mg/dL; no oral calcium supplementation). The case presented here indicates that cryopreserved parathyroid tissue may remain viable after 24 months in storage, and may retain the capacity to reverse permanent postsurgical hypoparathyroidism. These data provide reasonable evidence that the time limit for cryopreservation remains undetermined and that additional research would be valuable.