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LIM/03 - Laboratório de Medicina Laboratorial, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina

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Agora exibindo 1 - 5 de 5
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    MRSA outbreak in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in a developed country: importance of rapid detection of reservoirs and implementation of intervention measures
    (2022) MOURA, Maria Luisa; RIZEK, Camila Fonseca; AGUIAR, Elisa; BARROS, Ana Natiele da Silva; COSTA, Sibeli; SANTOS, Sania Alves dos; MARCHI, Ana Paula; GIBELLI, Maria Augusta Bento Cicaroni; TRAGANTE, Carla Regina; ARAUJO, Maria Rita Elmor de; ROSSI, Flavia; GUIMARAES, Thais; COSTA, Silvia Figueiredo
    We described a MRSA bloodstream infection outbreak that was rapidly identified and controlled in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit after implementation of a bundle of measures, including PCR-screening and HCW decolonization. We found 35% of healthcare workers(HCW) colonized with S. aureus by PCR, one of them that presented skin lesion positive for MSSA (same clone and spa type than two patients). Our findings raise the hypothesis that the outbreak could be related to HCW colonization.
  • article 6 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Non-toxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae infective endocarditis with embolic events: a case report
    (2020) SANTIS, Antonio de; SICILIANO, Rinaldo Focaccia; SAMPAIO, Roney Orismar; AKAMINE, Masahiko; VERONESE, Elinthon T.; MAGALHAES, Francisco Monteiro de Almeida; ARAUJO, Maria Rita Elmor; ROSSI, Flavia; MAGRI, Marcelo M. C.; NASTRI, Ana Catharina; ACCORSI, Tarso A. D.; ROSA, Vitor E. E.; TITINGER, David Provenzale; SPINA, Guilherme S.; TARASOUTCHI, Flavio
    Background Corynebacterium diphtheriae (C. diphtheriae) infections, usually related to upper airways involvement, could be highly invasive. Especially in developing countries, non-toxigenic C. diphtheriae strains are now emerging as cause of invasive disease like endocarditis. The present case stands out for reinforcing the high virulence of this pathogen, demonstrated by the multiple systemic embolism and severe valve deterioration. It also emphasizes the importance of a coordinated interdisciplinary work to address all these challenges related to infectious endocarditis. Case presentation A 21-year-old male cocaine drug abuser presented to the emergency department with a 1-week history of fever, asthenia and dyspnea. His physical examination revealed a mitral systolic murmur, signs of acute arterial occlusion of the left lower limb, severe arterial hypotension and acute respiratory failure, with need of vasoactive drugs, orotracheal intubation/mechanical ventilation, empiric antimicrobial therapy and emergent endovascular treatment. The clinical suspicion of acute infective endocarditis was confirmed by transesophageal echocardiography, demonstrating a large vegetation on the mitral valve associated with severe valvular regurgitation. Abdominal ultrasound was normal with no hepatic, renal, or spleen abscess. Serial blood cultures and thrombus culture, obtained in the vascular procedure, identified non-toxigenic C. diphtheriae, with antibiotic therapy adjustment to monotherapy with ampicillin. Since the patient had a severe septic shock with sustained fever, despite antimicrobial therapy, urgent cardiac surgical intervention was planned. Anatomical findings were compatible with an aggressive endocarditis, requiring mitral valve replacement for a biological prosthesis. During the postoperative period, despite an initial clinical recovery and successfully weaning from mechanical ventilation, the patient presented with a recrudescent daily fever. Computed tomography of the abdomen revealed a hypoattenuating and extensive splenic lesion suggestive of abscess. After sonographically guided bridging percutaneous catheter drainage, surgical splenectomy was performed. Despite left limb revascularization, a forefoot amputation was required due to gangrene. The patient had a good clinical recovery, fulfilling 4-weeks of antimicrobial treatment. Conclusion Despite the effectiveness of toxoid-based vaccines, recent global outbreaks of invasive C. diphtheriae infectious related to non-toxigenic strains have been described. These infectious could be highly invasive as demonstrated in this case. Interdisciplinary work with an institutional ""endocarditis team"" is essential to achieve favorable clinical outcomes in such defiant scenarios.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Neisseria gonorrhoeae arthritis in a patient with systemic lupus: resistance and virulence profiles
    (2023) TONACIO, Adriana Coracini; MARCHI, Ana Paula; BAZZO, Maria Luiza; LEMOS, Gabriela Takeshigue; BAMPI, Jose Victor Bortolotto; ESPINOZA, Evelyn Patricia Sanchez; DUARTE, Edson Luiz Tarsia; MARTINS, Roberta Cristina Ruedas; COSTA-LOURENCO, Ana Paula Ramalho da; OLIVEIRA, Vitor Falcao de; CORTES, Marina Farrel; SANTOS, Sania Alves dos; NETO, Lauro Vieira Perdigao; BONELLI, Raquel Regina; ELMORE, Maria Rita; ROSSI, Flavia; HUGHES, Gwenda; COSTA, Silvia Figueiredo
    In this study, we describe a case report of gonococcal arthritis in a Systemic Lupus Erythematosus patient. Although several mechanisms favor disseminated gonococcal infection (DGI) in patients immunosup-pressed by SLE, this association is rarely reported in literature. We performed whole genome sequencing (WGS) of the etiologic agent involved and molecular analysis using a global collection of Neisseria gonorrhoeae strains. Ours is the only sample derived from synovial fluid identified in this collection, the others being from the usual anatomical sites. Antimicrobial susceptibility was determined by disk diffusion and Etest, and WGS was conducted to determine multilocus sequence typing profiles, group isolates based on core genome single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP), and identify virulence genes and antimicrobial resistance determinants. The N. gonorrhoeae samples in the global collection were highly heterogeneous. The SNP tree had a total 19,532 SNPs in 320 samples. Our sample displayed resistance to ciprofloxacin (MIC = 2 mg/mL) and tetracycline (zone diameter = 0 mm) belonged to ST 1588 and was not closely related to any isolate in the global collection of N. gonorrhoeae strains. The isolate had genetic features related to beta-lactam, tetracycline and quinolone resistance. Seventy-one virulence genes were identified in our sample, belonging to the following classes: adherence, efflux pump, immune modulator, invasion, iron uptake, protease and stress adaptation. Moreover, no virulence genes for immune evasion and toxin were identified.(c) 2022 Institut Pasteur.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Polymyxins susceptibility tests: we need talk about a solution
    (2019) GIRARDELLO, Raquel; CURY, Ana Paula; FRANCO, Maria Renata Gomes; GIOIA, Thais Romano Di; ALMEIDA JR., Joao Nobrega de; ARAUJO, Maria Rita Elmor de; DUARTE, Alberto Jose da Silva; ROSSI, Flavia
  • article 19 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Colistin susceptibility testing and Vitek-2 (TM): is it really useless?
    (2018) GIRARDELLO, Raquel; CURY, Ana Paula; FRANCO, Maria Renata Gomes; GIOIA, Thais Romano Di; ALMEIDA JR., Joao Nobrega de; ARAUJO, Maria Rita Elmor de; DUARTE, Alberto Jose da Silva; ROSSI, Flavia