Air pollution and high-intensity interval exercise: Implications to anti-inflammatory balance, metabolome and cardiovascular responses

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CRUZ, Ramon
KOCH, Sarah
SFORCA, Mauricio L.
LIMA-SILVA, Adriano E.
KOEHLE, Michael
SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, v.809, article ID 151094, 12p, 2022
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High-intensity interval exercise (HIIE) is an effective non-pharmacological tool for improving physiological responses related to health. When HIIE is performed in urban centers, however, the exerciser is exposed to traffic-related air pollution (TRAP), which is associated with metabolic, anti-inflammatory imbalance and cardiovascular diseases. This paradoxical combination has the potential for conflicting health effects. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the effects of HIIE performed in TRAP exposure on serum cytokines, non-target metabolomics and cardiovascular parameters. Fifteen participants performed HIIE in a chamber capable to deliver filtered air (FA condition) or non-filtered air (TRAP condition) from a polluted site adjacent to the exposure chamber. Non-target blood serum metabolomics, blood serum cytokines and blood pressure analyses were collected in both FA and TRAP conditions at baseline, 10 min after exercise, and 1 h after exercise. The TRAP increased IL-6 concentration by 1.7 times 1 h after exercise (p < 0.01) and did not change the anti-inflammatory balance (IL-10/TNF-alpha ratio). In contrast, FA led to an increase in IL-10 and IL-10/TNF-alpha ratio (p< 0.01), by 2.1 and 2.3 times, respectively. The enrichment analysis showed incomplete fatty acid metabolism under the TRAP condition (p < 0.05) 10 min after exercise. There was also an overactivity of ketone body metabolism (p < 0.05) at 10 min and at 1 h after exercise with TRAP. Exercise-induced acute decrease in systolic blood pressure (SBP) was not observed at 10min and impaired at 1 h after exercise (p < 0.05). These findings reveal that TRAP potentially attenuates health benefits often related to HIIE. For instance, the anti-inflammatory balance was impaired, accompanied by accumulation of metabolites related to energy supply and reduction to exercise-induced decrease in SBP.
Particulate matter, Metabolome, Cytokines, Blood pressure, Heart rate and vigorous exercise
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