Does a bilateral polypropylene mesh alter the duct deferens morphology, testicular size and testosterone levels? Experimental study in rats

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Citações na Scopus
1
Tipo de produção
article
Data de publicação
2020
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ISSN da Revista
Título do Volume
Editora
ACTA CIRURGICA BRASILEIRA
Citação
ACTA CIRURGICA BRASILEIRA, v.35, n.2, article ID e202000201, 9p, 2020
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Resumo
Purpose: To evaluate the effect of a PP mesh on duct deferens morphology, testicular size and testosterone levels. Methods: Forty adult male rats were distributed into groups: 1) no surgery; 2) inguinotomy; 3) mesh placed on the duct deferens; and 4) mesh placed on the spermatic funiculus. After 90 postoperative days, the inguinal region was resected, and blood samples were collected for the measurement of serum testosterone (pg/dl). The ducts deferens were sectioned in three axial sections according to the relationship with the mesh - cranial, medial and caudal. The wall thickness and duct deferens lumen area were measured. Results: The morphology of the duct deferens was preserved in all groups. The mesh placement did not alter this morphology in any of the analyzed segments. Surgery, with or without mesh placement, did not alter the morphology, wall thickness or lumen area (p>0.05). In all operated groups, serum testosterone levels were similar (p>0.05) but there was a decrease in testicle size (p<0.05). Conclusion: Surgery, with or without mesh placement, did not alter the morphology of the duct deferens and, although this treatment resulted in testicular size reduction, it did not affect serum testosterone levels.
Palavras-chave
Hernia, Surgical Mesh, Polypropylenes, Vas Deferens, Testis, Rats
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