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Title: Effect of Physical Inactivity on Major Noncommunicable Diseases and Life Expectancy in Brazil
Authors: REZENDE, Leandro Fornias Machado deRABACOW, Fabiana MalufVISCONDI, Juliana Yukari KodairaLUIZ, Olinda do CarmoMATSUDO, Victor Keihan RodriguesLEE, I-Min
Citation: JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY & HEALTH, v.12, n.3, p.299-306, 2015
Abstract: Background: In Brazil, one-fifth of the population reports not doing any physical activity. This study aimed to assess the impact of physical inactivity on major noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), all-cause mortality and life expectancy in Brazil, by region and sociodemographic profile. Methods: We estimated the population attributable fraction (PAF) for physical inactivity associated with coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, breast cancer, colon cancer, and all-cause mortality. To calculate the PAF, we used the physical inactivity prevalence from the 2008 Brazilian Household Survey and relative risk data in the literature. Results: In Brazil, physical inactivity is attributable to 3% to 5% of all major NCDs and 5.31% of all-cause mortality, ranging from 5.82% in the southeastern region to 2.83% in the southern region. Eliminating physical inactivity would increase the life expectancy by an average of 0.31 years. This reduction would affect mainly individuals with >= 15 years of schooling, male, Asian, elderly; residing in an urban area and earning >= 2 times the national minimum wage. Conclusions: In Brazil, physical inactivity has a major impact on NCDs and mortality, principally in the southeastern and central-west regions. Public policies and interventions promoting physical activity will significantly improve the health of the population.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/38
LIM/38 - Laboratório de Epidemiologia e Imunobiologia

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/03
ODS/03 - Saúde e bem-estar

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/08
ODS/08 - Trabalho decente e crescimento econômico

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/10
ODS/10 - Redução da desigualdade

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