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Title: Evaluation of Adrenal Reserve in Children with Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia Treated with Prednisone or Dexamethasone
Authors: KUPERMAN, HiltonODONE FILHO, VicenteCRISTOFANI, Lilian MariaALMEIDA, Maria Tereza Assis deSETIAN, NuvarteDAMIANI, Durval
Citation: HORMONE RESEARCH IN PAEDIATRICS, v.78, n.2, p.73-80, 2012
Abstract: Background/Aims: The purpose of this study was to compare adrenal gland reserve in acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) patients 8 weeks after treatment with either prednisone (PRED) or dexamethasone (DEX) during the induction phase of therapy. Methods: A double-blind comparative study of patients treated with PRED and DEX was performed. Sixteen patients received PRED (40 mg/m(2)/day) and 13 patients received DEX (6 mg/m(2)/day), both for 28 days. A low-dose adrenocorticotropic hormone test (1.0 mu g/m(2), IV) was performed before and weekly for 8 weeks after abrupt cessation of glucocorticoid therapy. Sixteen children without ALL were used as controls to determine the cutoff peak cortisol level (14.2 mu g/dl). Results: Both groups (PRED and DEX) displayed similar mean peak cortisol levels before treatment and during the 8 weeks of evaluation (p = 0.652). No relationship was observed between the incidence of infection/stress and peak cortisol level within each group, nor was there a difference in the frequency of infection/stress between groups (p = 0.359). Although the patients presented variations in peak cortisol during the study period, no signs or symptoms of adrenal insufficiency were observed. Conclusion: Patients who received PRED or DEX for 4 weeks showed similar adrenal reserves and infection rates for 8 weeks after abruptly stopping glucocorticoid therapy, suggesting that DEX, which is a better antileukemic drug than PRED, has similar adrenal suppression and recovery rates.
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MPE
Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICr
Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/36

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