Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://observatorio.fm.usp.br/handle/OPI/1029
Title: Organ-specific autoantibodies and autoimmune diseases in juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus and juvenile dermatomyositis patients
Authors: AIKAWA, N. E.JESUS, A. A.LIPHAUS, B. L.SILVA, C. A.CARNEIRO-SAMPAIO, M.VIANA, V. S. T.SALLUM, A. M. E.
Citation: CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL RHEUMATOLOGY, v.30, n.1, p.126-131, 2012
Abstract: Objectives To our knowledge, no study assessed simultaneously a variety of organ-specific autoantibodies and the prevalence of organ-specific autoimmune diseases in juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (ISLE) and juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM). Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate organ-specific autoantibodies and autoimmune diseases in JSLE and JDM patients. Methods Forty-one JSLE and 41 JDM patients were investigated for autoantibodies associated with autoimmune hepatitis, primary biliary cirrhosis, type I diabetes mellitus (TIDM, autoimmune thyroiditis (AT), autoimmune gastritis and coeliac disease (CD). Patients with positive antibodies were investigated for the respective organ-specific autoimmune diseases. Results Mean age at diagnosis was higher in ISLE compared to JDM patients (10.3 +/- 3.4 vs. 7.3 +/- 3.1 years, p=0.0001). The frequencies of organ-specific autoantibodies were similar in JSLE and JDM patients (p>0.05). Of note, a high prevalence of TIDM and AT autoantibodies was observed in both groups (20% vs. 15%, p=0.77 and 24% vs. 15%, p=0.41; respectively). Higher frequencies of ANA (93% vs. 59%, p=0.0006), anti-dsDNA (61% vs. 2%, p<0.0001), anti-Ro, anti-Sm, anti-RNP, anti-La and IgG-aCL were observed in JSLE (p<0.05). Organ-specific autoimmune diseases were evidenced only in ISLE patients (24% vs. 0%, p=0.13). Two ISLE patients had TIDM associated with Hashimoto thyroiditis and another had subclinical thyroiditis. Another JSLE patient had CD diagnosis based on iron deficiency anaemia, anti-endomysial antibody, duodenal biopsy compatible to CD and response to a gluten-free diet. Conclusions Organ-specific diseases were observed solely in ISLE patients and required specific therapy. The presence of these antibodies recommends the evaluation of organ-specific diseases and a rigorous follow-up.
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LIM/36 - Laboratório de Pediatria Clínica


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