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Title: The inactive form of glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta is associated with the development of carcinomas in galectin-3 wild-type mice, but not in galectin-3-deficient mice
Authors: MENDONCA, Daniella FernandesCHAMMAS, RogerLIU, Fu-TongNONOGAKI, SuelyCARDOSO, Sergio VitorinoLOYOLA, Adriano MotaFARIA, Paulo Rogerio de
Abstract: Galectin-3 has been implicated in the tumor development via its mediation of the Wnt signaling pathway. Likewise, glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK3 beta) also plays a role in the Wnt signaling pathway by controlling the levels of cytoplasmic beta-catenin. Altered GSK3 beta expression has been described in various tumors, but to date, there are no studies evaluating its expression in models of oral carcinogenesis. Additionally, it is unknown whether the absence of galectin-3 regulates the expression of GSK3 beta. To this end, Gal3-deficient (Gal3(-/-)) and wild-type (Gal3(+/+)) male mice were treated with 4NQO for 16 weeks and sacrificed at week 16 and 32. The tongues were removed, processed, and stained with H&E to detect dysplasias and carcinomas. An immunohistochemical assay was performed to determine the level of P-GSK3 beta-Ser9 expression in both groups. Carcinomas were more prevalent in Gal3(+/+) than Gal3(-/-) mice (55.5% vs. 28.5%), but no statistical difference was reached. In the dysplasias, the proportion of cells positive for P-GSK3 beta-Ser9 was slightly higher in Gal3(+/+) than Gal3(-/-) mice (63% vs. 61%). In the carcinomas, a significant difference between Gal3(+/+) and Gal3(-/-) mice was found (74% vs. 59%; p=0.02). P-GSK3 beta-Ser9-positive cells slightly decreased from the progression of dysplasias to carcinomas in Gal3(-/-) mice (61% vs. 59%; p>0.05). However, a significant increase in P-GSK3 beta-Ser9 expression was observed from dysplasias to carcinomas in Gal3(+/+) mice (63% vs. 74%; p=0.01). In conclusion, these findings suggest that fully malignant transformation of the tongue epithelium is associated with increased P-GSK3 beta-Ser9 expression in Gal3(+/+) mice, but not in Gal3(-/-) mice.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MDR
Departamento de Radiologia - FM/MDR

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/24
LIM/24 - Laboratório de Oncologia Experimental

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