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Title: IL28B polymorphisms are markers of therapy response and are influenced by genetic ancestry in chronic hepatitis C patients from an admixed population
Authors: CAVALCANTE, Lourianne N.ABE-SANDES, KiyokoANGELO, Ana Luisa D.MACHADO, Taisa M. B.LEMAIRE, Denise C.MENDES, Carlos M. C.PINHO, Joao R.MALTA, FernandaLYRA, Luiz G. C.LYRA, Andre C.
Citation: LIVER INTERNATIONAL, v.32, n.3, p.476-486, 2012
Abstract: Background: IL28B polymorphisms are predictors of therapy response in hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients. We do not know whether they are markers of treatment response in admixed populations or not. Aims: To determine whether IL28B polymorphisms are predictors of therapy response in patients with HCV from an admixed population and are influenced by genetic ancestry. Methods: rs12979860 and rs8099917 were genotyped in 222 HCV patients treated with pegylated interferon and ribavirin. Ancestry was determined using genetic markers. Results: IL28B rs12979860 C/C was associated with sustained virological response (SVR), whereas C/T and T/T were associated with failure to therapy (P = 1.12 x 10(-5)). IL28B rs8099917 T/T was associated with SVR, and G/G and G/T were associated with nonresponse/ relapse (NR/R) (P = 8.00 x 10(-3)). Among HCV genotype 1 patients with C/C genotype, genomic ancestry did not interfere with therapy response. Among patients with rs12979860 T/T genotype, African genetic contribution was greater in the NR/R group (P = 1.51 x 10(-3)), whereas Amerindian and European genetic ancestry contribution were higher in the SVR group (P = 3.77 x 10(-3) and P = 2.16 x 10(-2) respectively). Among HCV type 1 patients with rs8099917 T/T, African genetic contribution was significantly greater in the NR/R group (P = 5.0 x 10(-3)); Amerindian and European ancestry genetic contribution were greater in the SVR group. Conclusion: IL28B rs12979860 and rs8099917 polymorphisms were predictors of therapy response in HCV genotypes 1, 2 and 3 subjects from an admixed population. Genomic ancestry did not interfere with response to therapy in patients with rs12979860 C/C, whereas it interfered in patients with C/T and T/T genotypes. Among HCV genotype 1 rs8099917 T/T patients, genomic ancestry interfered with response to therapy.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/07
LIM/07 - Laboratório de Gastroenterologia Clínica e Experimental

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