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Title: Randomized controlled trial protocol: balance training with rhythmical cues to improve and maintain balance control in Parkinson's disease
Authors: CAPATO, Tamine Teixeira da CostaTORNAI, JulianaAVILA, PatriciaBARBOSA, Egberto ReisPIEMONTE, Maria Elisa Pimentel
Citation: BMC NEUROLOGY, v.15, article ID 162, 7p, 2015
Abstract: Background: Postural instability is a particularly incapacitating disorder, whose loss of motor independence by Parkinson's Disease (PD) patients marks a significant stage of disease onset. Evidence suggests that deficits in automatic motor control, sensory integration and attention are associated with the lack of balance in PD. Physiotherapy together with medication play an important role in the treatment of this state, although no consensus has been reached on the best treatment modality. The aim of this randomized controlled trial protocol is to evaluate the effects of balance training with rhythmical (BRT), which is a motor program to improve balance associated with rhythmical auditory cues (RACs). This study is ongoing in the stage 1. Methods and design: A total of 150 PD patients at H&Y stages II-III and asymptomatic for depression and dementia are enrolled in a single-blind randomized study. Randomization is achieved via a computer-generated random-sequence table. All patients should also present a fall history. They will be assigned into one of three groups, and their balance and gait will be assessed before and after 10 training sessions, and after 4 and 30 weeks subsequent to the end of the training. The BRT group will receive a motor program to improve balance associated with RACs, the MT group will perform motor training with the same aims as those in the BRT group but without RACs, and the control group (CG) will be trained only in orientations. The exercise program specific to balance is of 5 weeks' duration with two sessions per week, 45 min each, and consists of general physiotherapy exercises. Each session will be divided into five warm-up minutes-30 min for the main part and 10 min for the cool down. The training progresses and intensifies each week depending on the individual's performance. The subjects should be able to execute 10 repetitions of the exercise sequences correctly to progress to the next movement. Discussion: This randomized study protocol will evaluate the effects of a motor program designed to improve balance associated with RACs, and will also assess whether balance training leads to activation of balance reactions at the appropriate time. We hypothesize that if this motor program is maintained long-term, it will prevent falls.
Appears in Collections:

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MFT
Departamento de Fisioterapia, Fonoaudiologia e Terapia Ocupacional - FM/MFT

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/34
LIM/34 - Laboratório de Ciências da Reabilitação

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/45
LIM/45 - Laboratório de Fisiopatologia Neurocirúrgica

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