Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://observatorio.fm.usp.br/handle/OPI/1339
Title: Homeobox gene expression profile indicates HOXA5 as a candidate prognostic marker in oral squamous cell carcinoma
Authors: RODINI, Camila OliveiraXAVIER, Flavia Calo AquinoPAIVA, Katiucia Batista SilvaDESTRO, Maria Fernanda De Souza SetubalMOYSES, Raquel AjubMICHALUARTE, PedroCARVALHO, Marcos BrasilinoFUKUYAMA, Erica ErinaTAJARA, Eloiza HelenaOKAMOTO, Oswaldo KeithNUNES, Fabio Daumas
Citation: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ONCOLOGY, v.40, n.4, p.1180-1188, 2012
Abstract: The search for molecular markers to improve diagnosis, individualize treatment and predict behavior of tumors has been the focus of several studies. This study aimed to analyze homeobox gene expression profile in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) as well as to investigate whether some of these genes are relevant molecular markers of prognosis and/or tumor aggressiveness. Homeobox gene expression levels were assessed by microarrays and qRT-PCR in OSCC tissues and adjacent non-cancerous matched tissues (margin), as well as in OSCC cell lines. Analysis of microarray data revealed the expression of 147 homeobox genes, including one set of six at least 2-fold up-regulated, and another set of 34 at least 2-fold down-regulated homeobox genes in OSCC. After qRT-PCR assays, the three most up-regulated homeobox genes (HOXA5, HOXD10 and HOXD11) revealed higher and statistically significant expression levels in OSCC samples when compared to margins. Patients presenting lower expression of HOXA5 had poorer prognosis compared to those with higher expression (P=0.03). Additionally, the status of HOXA5, HOXD10 and HOXD11 expression levels in OSCC cell lines also showed a significant up-regulation when compared to normal oral keratinocytes. Results confirm the presence of three significantly upregulated (>4-fold) homeobox genes (HOXA5, HOXD10 and HOXD11) in OSCC that may play a significant role in the pathogenesis of these tumors. Moreover, since lower levels of HOXA5 predict poor prognosis, this gene may be a novel candidate for development of therapeutic strategies in OSCC.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
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LIM/28 - Laboratório de Cirurgia Vascular e da Cabeça e Pescoço


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