Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://observatorio.fm.usp.br/handle/OPI/1433
Title: Increased coherence among striatal regions in the theta range during attentive wakefulness
Authors: LEPSKI, G.AREVALO, A.VALLE, A. C. doBALLESTER, G.GHARABAGHI, A.
Citation: BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL AND BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH, v.45, n.8, p.763-770, 2012
Abstract: The striatum, the largest component of the basal ganglia, is usually subdivided into associative, motor and limbic components. However, the electrophysiological interactions between these three subsystems during behavior remain largely unknown. We hypothesized that the striatum might be particularly active during exploratory behavior, which is presumably associated with increased attention. We investigated the modulation of local field potentials (LFPs) in the striatum during attentive wakefulness in freely moving rats. To this end, we implanted microelectrodes into different parts of the striatum of Wistar rats, as well as into the motor, associative and limbic cortices. We then used electromyograms to identify motor activity and analyzed the instantaneous frequency, power spectra and partial directed coherence during exploratory behavior. We observed fine modulation in the theta frequency range of striatal LFPs in 92.5 +/- 2.5% of all epochs of exploratory behavior. Concomitantly, the theta power spectrum increased in all striatal channels (P < 0.001), and coherence analysis revealed strong connectivity (coefficients >0.7) between the primary motor cortex and the rostral part of the caudatoputamen nucleus, as well as among all striatal channels (P < 0.001). Conclusively, we observed a pattern of strong theta band activation in the entire striatum during attentive wakefulness, as well as a strong coherence between the motor cortex and the entire striatum. We suggest that this activation reflects the integration of motor, cognitive and limbic systems during attentive wakefulness.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICESP
Instituto do Câncer do Estado de São Paulo - HC/ICESP

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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/01
LIM/01 - Laboratório de Informática Médica


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