Use este identificador para citar ou linkar para este item: https://observatorio.fm.usp.br/handle/OPI/143
Título: Thrombin-Receptor Antagonist Vorapaxar in Acute Coronary Syndromes
Autor(es): TRICOCI, PierluigiHUANG, ZhenHELD, ClaesMOLITERNO, David J.ARMSTRONG, Paul W.WERF, Frans Van deWHITE, Harvey D.AYLWARD, Philip E.WALLENTIN, LarsCHEN, EdmondLOKHNYGINA, YuliyaPEI, JinglanLEONARDI, SergioRORICK, Tyrus L.KILIAN, Ann M.JENNINGS, Lisa H. K.AMBROSIO, GiuseppeBODE, ChristophCEQUIER, AngelCORNEL, Jan H.DIAZ, RafaelERKAN, AycanHUBER, KurtHUDSON, Michael P.JIANG, LixinJUKEMA, J. WouterLEWIS, Basil S.LINCOFF, A. MichaelMONTALESCOT, GillesNICOLAU, Jose CarlosOGAWA, HisaoPFISTERER, MatthiasPRIETO, Juan CarlosRUZYLLO, WitoldSINNAEVE, Peter R.STOREY, Robert F.VALGIMIGLI, MarcoWHELLAN, David J.WIDIMSKY, PetrSTRONY, JohnHARRINGTON, Robert A.MAHAFFEY, Kenneth W.
Parte de: NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE, v.366, n.1, p.20-33, 2012
Resumo: BACKGROUND Vorapaxar is a new oral protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR-1) antagonist that inhibits thrombin-induced platelet activation. METHODS In this multinational, double-blind, randomized trial, we compared vorapaxar with placebo in 12,944 patients who had acute coronary syndromes without ST-segment elevation. The primary end point was a composite of death from cardiovascular causes, myocardial infarction, stroke, recurrent ischemia with rehospitalization, or urgent coronary revascularization. RESULTS Follow-up in the trial was terminated early after a safety review. After a median follow-up of 502 days (interquartile range, 349 to 667), the primary end point occurred in 1031 of 6473 patients receiving vorapaxar versus 1102 of 6471 patients receiving placebo (Kaplan-Meier 2-year rate, 18.5010 vs. 19.9%; hazard ratio, 0.92; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.85 to 1.01; P=0.07). A composite of death from cardiovascular causes, myocardial infarction, or stroke occurred in 822 patients in the vorapaxar group versus 910 in the placebo group (14.7% and 16.4%, respectively; hazard ratio, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.81 to 0.98; P=0.02). Rates of moderate and severe bleeding were 7.2% in the vorapaxar group and 5.2% in the placebo group (hazard ratio, 1.35; 95% CI, 1.16 to 1.58; P<0.001). Intracranial hemorrhage rates were 1.1% and 0.2%, respectively (hazard ratio, 3.39; 95% CI, 1.78 to 6.45; P<0.001). Rates of nonhemorrhagic adverse events were similar in the two groups. CONCLUSIONS In patients with acute coronary syndromes, the addition of vorapaxar to standard therapy did not significantly reduce the primary composite end point but significantly increased the risk of major bleeding, including intracranial hemorrhage. (Funded by Merck; TRACER ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00527943.)
Aparece nas coleções:

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MCP
Departamento de Cardio-Pneumologia - FM/MCP

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/InCor
Instituto do Coração - HC/InCor

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/11
LIM/11 - Laboratório de Cirurgia Cardiovascular e Fisiopatologia da Circulação


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