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Title: Distinct mechanisms underlie adaptation of proximal tubule Na+/H+ exchanger isoform 3 in response to chronic metabolic and respiratory acidosis
Authors: SILVA, Pedro Henrique ImenezGIRARDI, Adriana Castello CostaNERI, Elida AdalgisaREBOUCAS, Nancy Amaral
Citation: PFLUGERS ARCHIV-EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY, v.463, n.5, p.703-714, 2012
Abstract: The Na+/H+ exchanger isoform 3 (NHE3) is essential for HCO3- reabsorption in renal proximal tubules. The expression and function of NHE3 must adapt to acid-base conditions. The goal of this study was to elucidate the mechanisms responsible for higher proton secretion in proximal tubules during acidosis and to evaluate whether there are differences between metabolic and respiratory acidosis with regard to NHE3 modulation and, if so, to identify the relevant parameters that may trigger these distinct adaptive responses. We achieved metabolic acidosis by lowering HCO3- concentration in the cell culture medium and respiratory acidosis by increasing CO2 tension in the incubator chamber. We found that cell-surface NHE3 expression was increased in response to both forms of acidosis. Mild (pH 7.21 +/- 0.02) and severe (6.95 +/- 0.07) metabolic acidosis increased mRNA levels, at least in part due to up-regulation of transcription, whilst mild (7.11 +/- 0.03) and severe (6.86 +/- 0.01) respiratory acidosis did not up-regulate NHE3 expression. Analyses of the Nhe3 promoter region suggested that the regulatory elements sensitive to metabolic acidosis are located between -466 and -153 bp, where two consensus binding sites for SP1, a transcription factor up-regulated in metabolic acidosis, were localised. We conclude that metabolic acidosis induces Nhe3 promoter activation, which results in higher mRNA and total protein level. At the plasma membrane surface, NHE3 expression was increased in metabolic and respiratory acidosis alike, suggesting that low pH is responsible for NHE3 displacement to the cell surface.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/InCor
Instituto do Coração - HC/InCor

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/13
LIM/13 - Laboratório de Genética e Cardiologia Molecular

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