Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://observatorio.fm.usp.br/handle/OPI/1509
Title: Rest left ventricular function and contractile reserve by dobutamine stress echocardiography in peripartum cardiomyopathy
Authors: BARBOSA, Marcia M.FREIRE, Claudia M. V.NASCIMENTO, Bruno RamosROCHITTE, Carlos E.SILVA, Marly C.SIQUEIRA, Maria H. A.NUNES, Maria Carmo P.
Citation: REVISTA PORTUGUESA DE CARDIOLOGIA, v.31, n.4, p.287-293, 2012
Abstract: Aims: To assess whether contractile reserve during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) can predict left ventricular functional recovery in patients with peripartum cardiomyopathy and to assess myocardial fibrosis by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in these patients. Methods: Nine patients with peripartum cardiomyopathy were enrolled. All patients underwent DSE and were followed for six months, when a rest Doppler echocardiogram was repeated. MRI was also performed at the beginning of follow-up to identify myocardial fibrosis. Results: Mean age was 29 +/- 7.9 years and mean left ventricular ejection fraction at baseline was 39.4 +/- 8.6% (range 24-49%). Eight of the nine patients showed left ventricular functional recovery with mean ejection fraction at follow-up of 57.1 +/- 13.8%. The ejection fraction response to DSE did not predict recovery at follow-up. On the other hand, left ventricular ejection fraction at baseline correlated with ejection fraction at follow-up. Mild fibrosis was detected in only one patient. Conclusion: Left ventricular ejection fraction at baseline was a predictor of left ventricular functional recovery in patients with peripartum cardiomyopathy. Dobutamine stress echocardiography at presentation of the disease did not predict recovery at follow-up. Myocardial fibrosis appeared to be uncommon in this cardiomyopathy.
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