Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://observatorio.fm.usp.br/handle/OPI/16326
Title: The effects of urban particulate matter on the nasal epithelium by gender: An experimental study in mice
Authors: YOSHIZAKI, K.FUZIWARA, C. S.BRITO, J. M.SANTOS, T. M. N.KIMURA, E. T.CORREIA, A. T.AMATO-LOURENCO, L. F.VASCONCELLOS, P.SILVA, L. F.BRENTANI, M. M.MAUAD, T.SALDIVA, P. H. N.MACCHIONE, M.
Citation: ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION, v.213, p.359-369, 2016
Abstract: Nose is the first portion of the respiratory system into contact with air pollution particles, including organic compounds that could act as endocrine releasers. The objective was to identify and quantify estrogenic receptor-beta (ER beta), aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), the cytochrome P450 enzymes CYP1A1, 1A2, 1B1, and mucus profile in the nasal epithelium of mice. BALB/c mice male (n = 32) and female (n = 82) in proestrus, estrus and diestrus were divided into two groups: 1) exposed to ambient air; 2) concentrated ambient particles (CAPs) to achieve an accumulated dose (concentration vs. time product) of 600 mu g/m(3), the time of the exposure was controlled to ensure the same concentration for all groups (5 days per week for 40-51 days). RT-PCR (Er beta-1, Er beta-2, Ahr, Cyp1a1, Cyp1a2, Cyp1b1), immunohistochemistry and morphometry (ER(3, AhR) were used to analyze. The mucus profiles were examined using acid (Aldan Blue) and neutral (periodic acid Schiff's) stains. Exposed females had significantly lower levels of Er beta-2 mRNA than exposed males (p = 0.036). Cyp1b1 mRNA in diestrus females was significantly lower in the CAP-exposed group compared with the ambient air group (p <= 0.05). ER beta expression in the epithelium and submucosa nucleus was lower in estrus exposed to CAPs compared with ambient air. CAPs increases AhR in the epithelium (p = 0.044) and submucosa (p = 0.001) nucleus of female when compared with male mice. Exposure to CAPs, also led to relatively increased acidic content in the mucus of males (p = 0.048), but decreased acidic content in that of females (p = 0.04). This study revealed sex dependent responses to air pollution in the nasal epithelium that may partially explain the predisposition of females to airway respiratory diseases.
Appears in Collections:

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MDR
Departamento de Radiologia - FM/MDR

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MPT
Departamento de Patologia - FM/MPT

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/InCor
Instituto do Coração - HC/InCor

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/05
LIM/05 - Laboratório de Poluição Atmosférica Experimental

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/24
LIM/24 - Laboratório de Oncologia Experimental

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/61
LIM/61 - Laboratório de Pesquisa em Cirurgia Torácica

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/03
ODS/03 - Saúde e bem-estar

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/11
ODS/11 - Cidades e comunidades sustentáveis


Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
art_YOSHIZAKI_The_effects_of_urban_particulate_matter_on_the_2016.PDF
  Restricted Access
publishedVersion (English)1.62 MBAdobe PDFView/Open Request a copy

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.