Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://observatorio.fm.usp.br/handle/OPI/18923
Title: Prefrontal-Parietal White Matter Volumes in Healthy Elderlies Are Decreased in Proportion to the Degree of Cardiovascular Risk and Related to Inhibitory Control Deficits
Authors: SANTOS, Pedro P.SILVEIRA, Paula S. DaSOUZA-DURAN, Fabio L.TAMASHIRO-DURAN, Jaqueline H.SCAZUFCA, MarciaMENEZES, Paulo R.LEITE, Claudia Da CostaLOTUFO, Paulo A.VALLADA, HomeroWAJNGARTEN, MauricioALVES, Tania C. De Toledo FerrazRZEZAK, PatriciaBUSATTO, Geraldo F.
Citation: FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY, v.8, article ID 57, 11p, 2017
Abstract: Cardiovascular risk (CVR) factors may be associated with poor cognitive functioning in elderlies and impairments in brain structure. Using MRI and voxel-based morphometry (VBM), we assessed regional white matter (WM) volumes in a population-based sample of individuals aged 65-75 years (n = 156), subdivided in three CVR subgroups using the Framingham Risk Score. Cognition was assessed using the Short Cognitive Performance Test. In high-risk subjects, we detected significantly reduced WM volume in the right juxtacortical dorsolateral prefrontal region compared to both low and intermediate CVR subgroups. Findings remained significant after accounting for the presence of the APOE epsilon 4 allele. Inhibitory control performance was negatively related to right prefrontal WM volume, proportionally to the degree of CVR. Significantly reduced deep parietal WM was also detected bilaterally in the high CVR subgroup. This is the first large study documenting the topography of CVR-related WM brain volume deficits. The significant association regarding poor response inhibition indicates that prefrontal WM deficits related to CVR are clinically meaningful, since inhibitory control is known to rely on prefrontal integrity.
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