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Title: Case Report: Leprosy and Tuberculosis Co-Infection: Clinical and Immunological Report of Two Cases and Review of the Literature
Authors: TRINDADE, Maria Angela B.MIYAMOTO, DeniseBENARD, GilSAKAI-VALENTE, Neusa Y.VASCONCELOS, Dewton de M.NAAFS, Bernard
Abstract: A review of the records of patients seen between 2004 and 2011 at the Dermatology Clinic of the Sao Paulo University Medical School showed that only two leprosy patients had been co-infected with tuberculosis (TB). One patient showed a type 1 leprosy reaction during the first 3 months of treatment of pleural TB and in the other patient, pulmonary TB was diagnosed during the first 3 months of treatment of a type 1 leprosy reaction. Both patients showed normal cellular immune response tests, including those of the interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma)/interleukin 12 (IL-12) axis. Although both mycobacterial infections are endemic in developing countries like Brazil, the co-infection has hardly been reported in the last decade. There is no suitable explanation for this observation. The reports on the interaction between the two mycobacteria are highly speculative: some studies suggest that leprosy, especially the anergic form, would predispose to TB, whereas other investigations suggested an antagonism between the two diseases.
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MDT
Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/53
Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/56

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