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Title: Quality control of enteral nutrition therapy in cancer patients at nutritional risk
Authors: LEE, ArianaOLIVEIRA FILHO, Ronald SousaCARDENAS, Thais de CamposOZORIO, Gislaine AparecidaGROPP, Juliana Pereira LimaWAITZBERG, Dan Linetzky
Citation: NUTRICION HOSPITALARIA, v.34, n.2, p.264-270, 2017
Abstract: Introduction: Quality indicators in nutritional therapy (QINTs) allow for the practical assessment of quality in the management of enteral nutrition therapy (ENT) among hospitalized patients. Objective: To control ENT quality in cancer patients at nutritional risk. Methods: A prospective, observational study was performed with cancer patients over 19 years of age who had undergone exclusive ENT for at least 72 h. Nutritional Risk Screening was used to assess nutritional risk; in the presence of nutritional risk, the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) was used. Six QINTs were applied. Results: Our study included 211 patients (mean age: 59 +/- 10 years, 67.3% men). Most common cancer diagnoses were head and neck (68.2%) and gastrointestinal (18%). Nutritional risk was identified in 93.3% (n = 197) of patients; SGA identified malnutrition in 84.2% of patients (n = 166). ENT was used for 9.7 +/- 7 days, presenting a daily deficit of-243.1 +/- 141 ml of dietary volume,-363.3 +/- 214.1 kcal, and-14.2 +/- 8.41 g of protein. Three of the six QINTs were in accordance with the proposed goal: frequency of SGA application, calculations of nutritional needs, and frequency of diarrhea. Three of the six QINTs were in disagreement with the proposed goal: ENT infused volume exceeding 70% of prescribed volume, frequency of digestive fasting exceeding 24 h, and frequency of constipation. Prescriptions for anticholinergic drugs (p = 0.023) and diuretics (p = 0.007) were associated with diarrhea. Conclusion: Nutritional risk and malnutrition are frequent among ENT cancer patients. Quality control in ENT was moderately impaired by episodes of fasting and intestinal motility disorders.
Appears in Collections:

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MGT
Departamento de Gastroenterologia - FM/MGT

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICESP
Instituto do Câncer do Estado de São Paulo - HC/ICESP

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/35
LIM/35 - Laboratório de Nutrição e Cirurgia Metabólica do Aparelho Digestivo

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/02
ODS/02 - Fome zero e agricultura sustentável

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/03
ODS/03 - Saúde e bem-estar

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