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Title: CTNNB1, AXIN1 and APC expression analysis of different medulloblastoma variants
Authors: SILVA, Roseli daMARIE, Suely K. N.UNO, MiyukiMATUSHITA, HamiltonWAKAMATSU, AldaROSEMBERG, SergioOBA-SHINJO, Sueli M.
Citation: CLINICS, v.68, n.2, p.167-172, 2013
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: We investigated four components of the Wnt signaling pathway in medulloblastomas. Medulloblastoma is the most common type of malignant pediatric brain tumor, and the Wnt signaling pathway has been shown to be activated in this type of tumor. METHODS: Sixty-one medulloblastoma cases were analyzed for beta-catenin gene (CTNNB1) mutations, beta-catenin protein expression via immunostaining and Wnt signaling pathway-related gene expression. All data were correlated with histological subtypes and patient clinical information. RESULTS: CTNNB1 sequencing analysis revealed that 11 out of 61 medulloblastomas harbored missense mutations in residues 32, 33, 34 and 37, which are located in exon 3. These mutations alter the glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta phosphorylation sites, which participate in beta-catenin degradation. No significant differences were observed between mutation status and histological medulloblastoma type, patient age and overall or progression-free survival times. Nuclear beta-catenin accumulation, which was observed in 27.9% of the cases, was not associated with the histological type, CTNNB1 mutation status or tumor cell dissemination. The relative expression levels of genes that code for proteins involved in the Wnt signaling pathway (CTNNB1, APC, AXIN1 and WNT1) were also analyzed, but no significant correlations were found. In addition, large-cell variant medulloblastomas presented lower relative CTNNB1 expression as compared to the other tumor variants. CONCLUSIONS: A small subset of medulloblastomas carry CTNNB1 mutations with consequent nuclear accumulation of beta-catenin. The Wnt signaling pathway plays a role in classic, desmoplastic and extensive nodularity medulloblastoma variants but not in large-cell medulloblastomas.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MNE
Departamento de Neurologia - FM/MNE

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MPT
Departamento de Patologia - FM/MPT

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICESP
Instituto do Câncer do Estado de São Paulo - HC/ICESP

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/14
LIM/14 - Laboratório de Investigação em Patologia Hepática

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/15
LIM/15 - Laboratório de Investigação em Neurologia

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