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Title: Phase angle obtained by bioelectrical impedance analysis independently predicts mortality in patients with cirrhosis
Authors: BELARMINO, GilianeGONZALEZ, Maria CristinaTORRINHAS, Raquel S.SALA, PriscilaANDRAUS, WellingtonD'ALBUQUERQUE, Luiz Augusto CarneiroPEREIRA, Rosa Maria R.CAPARBO, Valeria F.RAVACCI, Graziela R.DAMIANI, LucasHEYMSFIELD, Steven B.WAITZBERG, Dan L.
Citation: WORLD JOURNAL OF HEPATOLOGY, v.9, n.7, p.401-408, 2017
Abstract: AIM To evaluate the prognostic value of the phase angle (PA) obtained from bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) for mortality prediction in patients with cirrhosis. METHODS In total, 134 male cirrhotic patients prospectively completed clinical evaluations and nutritional assessment by BIA to obtain PAs during a 36-mo follow-up period. Mortality risk was analyzed by applying the PA cutoff point recently proposed as a malnutrition marker (PA <= 4.9 degrees) in Kaplan-Meier curves and multivariate Cox regression models. RESULTS The patients were divided into two groups according to the PA cutoff value (PA > 4.9 degrees, n = 73; PA <= 4.9 degrees, n = 61). Weight, height, and body mass index were similar in both groups, but patients with PAs > 4.9 degrees were younger and had higher mid-arm muscle circumference, albumin, and handgrip-strength values and lower severe ascites and encephalopathy incidences, interleukin (IL)-6/IL-10 ratios and C-reactive protein levels than did patients with PAs <= 4.9 degrees (P <= 0.05). Forty-eight (35.80%) patients died due to cirrhosis, with a median of 18 mo (interquartile range, 3.3-25.6 mo) follow-up until death. Thirty-one (64.60%) of these patients were from the PA <= 4.9 degrees group. PA <= 4.9 degrees significantly and independently affected the mortality model adjusted for Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score and age (hazard ratio = 2.05, 95% CI: 1.11-3.77, P = 0.021). In addition, Kaplan-Meier curves showed that patients with PAs <= 4.9 degrees were significantly more likely to die. CONCLUSION In male patients with cirrhosis, the PA <= 4.9 degrees cutoff was associated independently with mortality and identified patients with worse metabolic, nutritional, and disease progression profiles. The PA may be a useful and reliable bedside tool to evaluate prognosis in cirrhosis.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MCM
Departamento de Clínica Médica - FM/MCM

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MGT
Departamento de Gastroenterologia - FM/MGT

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/17
LIM/17 - Laboratório de Investigação em Reumatologia

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/35
LIM/35 - Laboratório de Nutrição e Cirurgia Metabólica do Aparelho Digestivo

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/37
LIM/37 - Laboratório de Transplante e Cirurgia de Fígado

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/02
ODS/02 - Fome zero e agricultura sustentável

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