Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://observatorio.fm.usp.br/handle/OPI/21481
Title: Malnutrition in Hospitalized Older Patients: Management Strategies to Improve Patient Care and Clinical Outcomes
Authors: AVELINO-SILVA, Thiago J.JALUUL, Omar
Citation: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GERONTOLOGY, v.11, n.2, p.56-61, 2017
Abstract: Hospital malnutrition is estimated to affect as many as one in two patients at admission, while many others develop malnutrition throughout hospitalization. Despite being a common and long-standing problem among older adults, it is often unrecognized and associated with increased use of resources and negative outcomes such as increased complications, length of stay and mortality. Nutritional screening and assessment are readily available and inexpensive procedures that provide crucial information to develop nutrition care plans. These plans should determine the need for dietary modifications, enteral or parenteral nutrition, strategies for monitoring adverse events and therapeutic success, and parameters for therapy termination. Peculiarities of the geriatric context also need to be addressed, including the level of feeding assistance that will be required and the existence of conditions such as dementia, delirium and dysphagia. Providers should remain vigilant to potential adverse events that might result from nutritional interventions, working to prevent and correct them. Refeeding syndrome is of particular concern as a life-threatening condition. Finally, successful transition of care and adequate nutrition after discharge should also be a standing part of the nutrition care plan, and include patient/caregiver education.
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