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Title: Blockage of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) reduces experimental pleurodesis
Authors: TEIXEIRA, Lisete R.VARGAS, Francisco S.ACENCIO, Milena M. P.RIBEIRO, Sabrina C.SALES, Roberta K. B.ANTONANGELO, LeilaMARCHI, Evaldo
Citation: LUNG CANCER, v.74, n.3, p.392-395, 2011
Abstract: Background and objective: Chemical pleurodesis controls recurrent malignant pleural effusion. The mechanism that determines pleural symphysis involves the action of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). We assessed the influence of the anti-VEGF antibody (bevacizumab) on pleurodesis induced by talc or silver nitrate and analyzed the temporal development of pleural angiogenesis. Methods: Sixty New Zealand rabbits received intrapleural injection (2 mL) of talc (400 mg/kg) or 0.5% silver nitrate. In each group, half of the animals received an intravenous injection of bevacizumab 30 min before the sclerosing agent. Five animals from each group were euthanized 7, 14, or 28 days after the procedure. Adhesions and inflammation (scores: 0-4), thickness (mu m), vascular density (vessels/field), and collagen fibers (mu m(2)) were evaluated in the visceral pleura. Results: Antibody anti-VEGF interferes in pleurodesis induced by talc or silver nitrate. Pleural inflammation was discreet with no difference between the groups, regardless the anti-VEGF treatment. Concerning the vascular density of the visceral pleura, a smaller number of neoformed vessels was noted in the animals that received bevacizumab. In the animals receiving silver nitrate, the decrement in adhesions and vascular density was associated with reduced thick and thin collagen fibers, resulting in less pleural thickness. Conclusion: The anti-VEGF antibody inhibits adhesions between pleural layers. Despite being an experimental study in animals with normal pleura, the results call attention to a likely lack of success in pleurodesis when VEGF blockers are used.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MCP
Departamento de Cardio-Pneumologia - FM/MCP

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/InCor
Instituto do Coração - HC/InCor

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/03
LIM/03 - Laboratório de Medicina Laboratorial

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/09
LIM/09 - Laboratório de Pneumologia

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