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Title: Statin effects on regulatory and proinflammatory factors in chronic idiopathic urticaria
Authors: AZOR, M. H.SANTOS, J. C. dosFUTATA, E. A.BRITO, C. A. deMARUTA, C. W.RIVITTI, E. A.DUARTE, A. J. da SilvaSATO, M. N.
Citation: CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL IMMUNOLOGY, v.166, n.2, p.291-298, 2011
Abstract: Immunological dysfunction has been described to occur in chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU), most notably in association with an inflammatory process. Some pharmacological agents as statins - drugs used in hypercholesterolaemia - display a broad effect on the immune response and thus should be tested in vitro in CIU. Our main objectives were to evaluate the effects of statins on the innate and adaptive immune response in CIU. Simvastatin or lovastatin have markedly inhibited the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) proliferative response induced by T and B cell mitogens, superantigen or recall antigen. Simvastatin arrested phytohaemaglutinin (PHA)induced T cells at the G0/G1 phase, inhibiting T helper type 1 (Th1), Th2, interleukin (IL)-10 and IL-17A cytokine secretion in both patients and healthy control groups. Up-regulation of suppressor of cytokine signalling 3 (SOCS3) mRNA expression in PHA-stimulated PBMCs from CIU patients was not modified by simvastatin, in contrast to the enhancing effect in the control group. Statin exhibited a less efficient inhibition effect on cytokine production [ IL-6 and macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1 alpha] induced by Toll-like receptor (TLR)-4, to which a statin preincubation step was required. Furthermore, statin did not affect the tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha secretion by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated PBMC or CD14(+) cells in CIU patients. In addition, LPS-activated PBMC from CIU patients showed impaired indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) mRNA expression compared to healthy control, which remained at decreased levels with statin treatment. Statins exhibited a marked down-regulatory effect in T cell functions, but were not able to control TLR-4 activation in CIU patients. The unbalanced regulatory SOCS3 and IDO expressions in CIU may contribute to the pathogenesis of the disease.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MDT
Departamento de Dermatologia - FM/MDT

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MPT
Departamento de Patologia - FM/MPT

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/56
LIM/56 - Laboratório de Investigação em Dermatologia e Imunodeficiências

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