Changes in the Plantar Pressure Distribution During Gait Throughout Gestation

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dc.contributor Sistema FMUSP-HC: Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (FMUSP) e Hospital das Clínicas da FMUSP
dc.contributor.author RIBEIRO, Ana Paula FMUSP-HC
TROMBINI-SOUZA, Francis FMUSP-HC
SACCO, Isabel de Camargo Neves FMUSP-HC
RUANO, Rodrigo FMUSP-HC
ZUGAIB, Marcelo FMUSP-HC
JOAO, Silvia Maria Amado FMUSP-HC
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier.citation JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN PODIATRIC MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, v.101, n.5, p.415-423, 2011
dc.identifier.issn 8750-7315
dc.identifier.uri http://observatorio.fm.usp.br/handle/OPI/22956
dc.description.abstract Background: The intention of this investigation was to longitudinally describe and compare the plantar pressure distribution in orthostatic posture and gait throughout pregnancy. Methods: A prospective longitudinal observational study was conducted with six pregnant women (mean +/- SD age, 32 +/- 3 years) with a mean +/- SD weight gain of 10.0 +/- 1.4 kg. Peak pressure, contact time, contact area, and maximum force in five plantar areas were evaluated using capacitive insoles during gait and orthostatic posture. For 1 year, the plantar pressures of pregnant women were evaluated the last month of each trimester. Comparisons among plantar areas and trimesters were made by analysis of variance. Results: For orthostatic posture, no differences in contact time, contact area, peak pressure, and maximum force throughout the trimesters were found. During gait, peak pressure and maximum force of the medial rearfoot were reduced from the first to third and second to third trimesters. Maximum force increased at the medial forefoot from the first to second trimester. Contact area increased at the lateral rearfoot from the second to third trimester and at the midfoot from the first to third trimester. Contact time increased at the midfoot and medial and lateral forefoot from the first to third trimester. Conclusions: Pregnant women do not alter plantar pressure during orthostatic posture, but, during gait, the plantar loads were redistributed from the rearfoot (decrease) to the midfoot and forefoot (increase) throughout pregnancy. These adjustments help maintain the dynamic stability of the pregnant woman during locomotion. (J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 101(5): 415-423, 2011)
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher AMER PODIATRIC MED ASSOC
dc.relation.ispartof Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
dc.rights restrictedAccess
dc.subject.other back-pain; diabetic-neuropathy; pregnancy; foot; posture; postpartum; parameters; women; hip
dc.title Changes in the Plantar Pressure Distribution During Gait Throughout Gestation
dc.type article
dc.rights.holder Copyright AMER PODIATRIC MED ASSOC
dc.description.group LIM/34
dc.description.group LIM/57
dc.identifier.pmid 21957273
dc.type.category original article
dc.type.version publishedVersion
hcfmusp.author RIBEIRO, Ana Paula:FM:
hcfmusp.author TROMBINI-SOUZA, Francis:FM:
hcfmusp.author SACCO, Isabel de Camargo Neves:FM:MFT
hcfmusp.author RUANO, Rodrigo:FM:MOG
hcfmusp.author ZUGAIB, Marcelo:FM:MOG
hcfmusp.author JOAO, Silvia Maria Amado:FM:MFT
hcfmusp.origem.id 2-s2.0-80053250443
hcfmusp.origem.id WOS:000295705600006
hcfmusp.publisher.city BETHESDA
hcfmusp.publisher.country USA
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dc.description.index MEDLINE
hcfmusp.citation.scopus 24
hcfmusp.scopus.lastupdate 2021-10-01


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