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Title: Perioperative Temporary Occlusion of the Internal Iliac Arteries as Prophylaxis in Cesarean Section at Risk of Hemorrhage in Placenta Accreta
Authors: CARNEVALE, Francisco CesarKONDO, Mario MacotoSOUSA JR., Wilson de OliveiraSANTOS, Aline BarbosaLEAL FILHO, Joaquim Mauricio da MottaMOREIRA, Airton MotaBARONI, Ronaldo HuebFRANCISCO, Rossana Pulcinelli VieiraZUGAIB, Marcelo
Abstract: Purpose The purpose of this study was to describe the preliminary results of prophylactic temporary balloon occlusion of the internal iliac arteries for bleeding control in patients with placenta accreta during cesarean hysterectomy. Methods From May 2006 to March 2010, 21 patients diagnosed with placenta accreta using ultrasound and/or magnetic resonance imaging were submitted to prophylactic balloon occlusion before hysterectomy. Fluoroscopy, balloon occlusion time, surgical duration, intraoperative blood loss, transfusion volume, and procedure complications were analyzed. Results The mean age was 30.5 years with a mean of 3.6 previous gestations. Imaging studies revealed that all patients had placenta accreta and all were submitted to cesarean hysterectomy. One hysterectomy was due to previous diagnosis of fetal death and another due to cesarean with uterine curettage. Mean fluoroscopy time was 7.5 min, balloon occlusion time was 164 min, and surgery duration was 260 min. Estimated blood loss was 1,671.5 ml with mean reposition fluids of 3,538 ml of crystalloids, 309.5 ml of colloids, and 1.24 ml of packed red blood cells. Two patients were submitted to thromboembolectomy due to prolonged surgical time. There was no maternal or fetal mortality related to the procedure. Conclusions The results demonstrated that prophylactic balloon occlusion of internal iliac artery is a safe method and appears to reduce blood loss and transfusion requirements in patients diagnosed with placenta accreta who undergo cesarean hysterectomy. Antenatal imaging diagnosis of placenta accreta enables preoperative planning.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MOG
Departamento de Obstetrícia e Ginecologia - FM/MOG

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICESP
Instituto do Câncer do Estado de São Paulo - HC/ICESP

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/InCor
Instituto do Coração - HC/InCor

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/InRad
Instituto de Radiologia - HC/InRad

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/44
LIM/44 - Laboratório de Ressonância Magnética em Neurorradiologia

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/57
LIM/57 - Laboratório de Fisiologia Obstétrica

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