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Title: Mechanisms of Blunted Muscle Vasodilation During Peripheral Chemoreceptor Stimulation in Heart Failure Patients
Authors: ALVES, M. J. N. N.SANTOS, Marcelo Rodrigues dosNOBRE, Thais SimoesMARTINEZ, DgBARRETTO, Antonio Carlos PereiraBRUM, Patricia ChakurRONDON, Maria Urbana P. B.MIDDLEKAUFF, Holly R.NEGRAO, Carlos Eduardo
Citation: HYPERTENSION, v.60, n.3, p.669-+, 2012
Abstract: We described recently that systemic hypoxia provokes vasoconstriction in heart failure (HF) patients. We hypothesized that either the exaggerated muscle sympathetic nerve activity and/or endothelial dysfunction mediate the blunted vasodilatation during hypoxia in HF patients. Twenty-seven HF patients and 23 age-matched controls were studied. Muscle sympathetic nerve activity was assessed by microneurography and forearm blood flow (FBF) by venous occlusion plethysmography. Peripheral chemoreflex control was evaluated through the inhaling of a hypoxic gas mixture (10% O-2 and 90% N-2). Basal muscle sympathetic nerve activity was greater and basal FBF was lower in HF patients versus controls. During hypoxia, muscle sympathetic nerve activity responses were greater in HF patients, and forearm vasodilatation in HF was blunted versus controls. Phentolamine increased FBF responses in both groups, but the increase was lower in HF patients. Phentolamine and N-G-monomethyl-L-arginine infusion did not change FBF responses in HF but markedly blunted the vasodilatation in controls. FBF responses to hypoxia in the presence of vitamin C were unchanged and remained lower in HF patients versus controls. In conclusion, muscle vasoconstriction in response to hypoxia in HF patients is attributed to exaggerated reflex sympathetic nerve activation and blunted endothelial function (NO activity). We were unable to identify a role for oxidative stress in these studies. (Hypertension. 2012; 60: 669-676.) . Online Data Supplement
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MCP
Departamento de Cardio-Pneumologia - FM/MCP

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/InCor
Instituto do Coração - HC/InCor

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