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Authors: SPRANDEL, Marilia C. O.HUEB, WhadyCASELLA-FILHO, AntonioSEGRE, AlexandreREZENDE, Paulo CuryCARVALHO, Ana L. O.FAVARATO, DesiderioMARANHAO, Raul C.RAMIRES, JoseKALIL-FILHO, Roberto
Citation: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY, v.59, n.13, suppl.S, p.E1623-E1623, 2012
Abstract: Background In type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2), HDL-cholesterol is diminished and it is important to understand the functional and metabolic changes existing in HDL in DM2 patients that may predispose to coronary artery disease (CAD). Lipid transfers between HDL and the other lipoproteins, mediated by cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) and phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP), are crucial steps in HDL formation and role in reverse cholesterol transfer. Objective Investigate whether development of CAD in DM2 patients are associated with alterations in lipid transfers to HDL and in content of free cholesterol in the plasma. Methods 78 patients with DM2 and CAD (DM2-CAD) and 78 with DM2 without CAD, as diagnosed by cineangiography, were studied. They were of both genders, aged 40-80 yrs. Plasma was incubated for 1h at 37oC with a donor nanoemulsion labeled with 3H -cholesteryl-esters and14C -phospholipids or with 14C-free-cholesterol and 3H -triglycerides. Radioactive lipids transferred from the donor nanoemulsion to HDL were measured in the supernatant after chemical precipitation of non-HDL fractions and the nanoemulsion. Results are % of the total radioactivity of each lipid in HDL. Results In DM2-CAD, LDL-cholesterol and triglycerides were higher than in DM2; HDL-cholesterol was lower. Compared to DM2, DM2-CAD showed diminished transfer to HDL of free-cholesterol (DM2-CAD=4.23±0.24; DM2= 5.66±0.14, p<0.0001) and of triglycerides (1.65±0.13 vs 3.08±0.11, p<0.0001), whereas cholesteryl-ester transfer was increased (3.67±0.16 vs 2.25±0.13, p<0.0001); phospholipid transfer was equal (15.37±0.60 vs15.18±0.20, p=0.76). CETP concentration was equal, while plasma free-cholesterol was higher in DM2-CAD (DM2-CAD=36.9±0.9; DM2=33.1±0.7, p=0.003).HDL particle diameter was equal in both groups. Conclusion The reduction of free-cholesterol transfer to HDL may hinder cholesterol esterification and reverse cholesterol transport. Alterations in triglyceride and cholesteryl-ester transfer may affect lipoprotein stability. Those disturbances in HDL metabolism may facilitate CAD development in DM2. ACC Oral Contributions McCormick Place South, S100c Sunday, March 25, 2012, 9:04 a.m.-9:17 a.m. Session Title: Prevention: Focus on Lipids Abstract Category: 9. Prevention: Clinical Presentation Number: 911-8
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Comunicações em Eventos - FM/MCP
Departamento de Cardio-Pneumologia - FM/MCP

Comunicações em Eventos - HC/InCor
Instituto do Coração - HC/InCor

Comunicações em Eventos - LIM/11
LIM/11 - Laboratório de Cirurgia Cardiovascular e Fisiopatologia da Circulação

Comunicações em Eventos - LIM/31
LIM/31 - Laboratório de Genética e Hematologia Molecular

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