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Título: Assessment and Valuation of Public Health Impacts from Gradual Biodiesel Implementation in the Transport Energy Matrix in Brazil
Autor: VORMITTAG, Evangelina M. P. A.RODRIGUES, Cristina GuimaraesANDRE, Paulo Afonso deSALDIVA, Paulo Hilario Nascimento
Citación: AEROSOL AND AIR QUALITY RESEARCH, v.18, n.9, p.2375-2382, 2018
Resumen: Carbon dioxide from fossil fuels and industrial processes accounted for approximately 78% of the total increase in greenhouse gas emissions from 1970-2010. The economic advantages of reducing fossil fuel combustion and improving air quality, including a reduction in chronic diseases and their associated health care costs, and the economic opportunities associated with the development of alternative energy sources are undoubtedly one of the main initiatives to be defined by governments in the sphere of public health. The objective of this study is to estimate the impact of the addition of different levels of biodiesel to diesel for automotive use on public health, considering changes in the ambient concentration of fine particles. Considering the two most populous metropolitan areas in Brazil, Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, for a period of 11 years (2015-2025), by increasing the percentage of biodiesel to 20% (B20), it is estimated that there would be 13,000 fewer deaths and a gain generated from the avoided lost productivity of more than US$ 816 million. A total of 28,000 hospitalizations through the public health system would be avoided, generating a cost savings of US$ 25 million Against the backdrop of a lack of policies and initiatives to combat air pollution, the magnitude of the results points to the importance of such a study in guiding the decisions of government officials with regard to how a city intervention-the addition of biodiesel to improve air quality-will bring a consequent benefit in the area of health.
Aparece en las colecciones:

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MPT
Departamento de Patologia - FM/MPT

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/InCor
Instituto do Coração - HC/InCor

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/05
LIM/05 - Laboratório de Poluição Atmosférica Experimental

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/03
ODS/03 - Saúde e bem-estar

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/07
ODS/07 - Energia limpa e acessível

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/09
ODS/09 - Indústria, inovação e infraestrutura

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/11
ODS/11 - Cidades e comunidades sustentáveis

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/13
ODS/13 - Ação contra a mudança global do clima


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