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Authors: TAKAHASHI, Tiago K.SOARES, Ibere C.MARINI, Andrea M.MAK, Milena P.TEIXEIRA, Carlos H.ROITBERG, Felipe S. R.TAKAGAKI, Teresa Y.MARTINS, Renata E.MESQUITA, CristianeHOFF, Paulo M. G.CASTRO JR., Gilberto
Citation: JOURNAL OF THORACIC ONCOLOGY, v.7, n.7, p.S129-S129, 2012
Abstract: Background: EGFR activating mutations in NSCLC confer better prognosis and are also predictive of response to both chemotherapy and EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Therefore, EGFR genotyping in NSCLC patients (pts) is very helpful in treatment decision. Here we report the first 25 pts whose tumors samples were tested for EGFR activating mutations in our Institution. Methods: It is an observational study on all consecutively tested NSCLC samples from pts treated at ICESP. Briefly, all samples were formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded. Tumor areas were selected and macrodissected, followed by whole DNA extraction and amplification by PCR. DNA sequencing (exons 18, 19, 20 and 21) was performed by Sanger´s methodology. Frequencies were compared by Fisher´s exact test. Results and Conclusion: Results: 25 tumor samples were tested from Aug/2011 up to now: 20 pts were caucasian, 13 were male, 14 ex-smoker, 10 never smoker; 15 pts ECOG-PS 0-1 and 5 PS 2. Regarding histologic subtype, 22 were classified as adenocarcinoma and 2 SCC. Staging: 3 IIIA, 2 IIIB and 20 IV. Activating mutations were detected in 6 pts (24%): 4 in exon 19 (del 19), 1 in exon 21 (L858R) and in 1 pt two mutations were found (T790M and L858R). The frequency of these activating mutations was not related to gender (p=0.378), race (p=0.540) or smoking habits (p=0.350). In a short follow-up of 6 mo., no deaths occurred in pts whose samples were positive for activating mutations. Conclusions: In this very selected population, the frequency of EGFR activating mutations was 24%, with no correlation with gender, race or smoking habits. This reinforces the importance of testing EGFR activating mutations in all pts with lung adenocarcinoma. Disclosure: No significant relationships.
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Comunicações em Eventos - FM/MDR
Departamento de Radiologia - FM/MDR

Comunicações em Eventos - HC/ICESP
Instituto do Câncer do Estado de São Paulo - HC/ICESP

Comunicações em Eventos - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Comunicações em Eventos - HC/InRad
Instituto de Radiologia - HC/InRad

Comunicações em Eventos - LIM/14
LIM/14 - Laboratório de Investigação em Patologia Hepática

Comunicações em Eventos - LIM/24
LIM/24 - Laboratório de Oncologia Experimental

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