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Title: Blunted peripheral blood supply and underdeveloped skeletal muscle in Fontan patients: The impact on functional capacity
Authors: TURQUETTO, Aida Luiza RibeiroSANTOS, Marcelo Rodrigues dosSAYEGH, Ana Luiza CarrariSOUZA, Francis Ribeiro deAGOSTINHO, Daniela ReginaOLIVEIRA, Patricia Alves deSANTOS, Yarla Alves dosLIBERATO, GabrielaBINOTTO, Maria AngelicaOTADUY, Maria Concepcion GarciaNEGRAO, Carlos EduardoCANEO, Luiz FernandoJATENE, Fabio BiscegliJATENE, Marcelo Biscegli
Citation: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, v.271, p.54-59, 2018
Abstract: Background: Changes in circulatory physiology are common in Fontan patients due to suboptimal cardiac output, which may reduce the peripheral blood flow and impair the skeletal muscle. The objective of this study was to investigate the forearm blood flow (FBF), cross-sectional area (CSA) of the thigh and functional capacity in asymptomatic clinically stable patients undergoing Fontan surgery. Methods: Thirty Fontan patients and 27 healthy subjects underwent venous occlusion plethysmography, magnetic resonance imaging of the thigh musculature and maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing. Muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA), norepinephrine measures, cardiovascular magnetic resonance, handgrip strength and 6-minute walk test were also performed. Results: Fontan patients have blunted FBF (1.59 +/- 0.33 vs 2.17 +/- 0.52 mL/min/100 mL p < 0.001) and forearm vascular conductance (FVC) (1.69 +/- 0.04 vs 2.34 +/- 0.62 units p < 0.001), reduced CSA of the thigh (81.2 +/- 18.6 vs 116.3 +/- 26.4 cm(2) p < 0.001), lower peak VO2 (29.3 +/- 6 vs 41.5 +/- 9mL/kg/min p < 0.001), walked distance (607 +/- 60 vs 701 +/- 58m p < 0.001) and handgrip strength (21 +/- 9 vs 30 +/- 8 kgf p < 0.001). The MSNA (30 +/- 4 vs 22 +/- 3 bursts/min p < 0.001) and norepinephrine concentration [265 (236-344) vs 222 (147-262) pg/mL p = 0.006] were also higher in Fontan patients. Multivariate linear regression showed FVC (beta = 0.653; CI = 0.102-1.205; p = 0.022) and stroke volume (beta = 0.018; CI = 0.007-0.029; p = 0.002) to be independently associated with reduced CSA of the thigh adjusted for body mass index. The CSA of the thigh adjusted for body mass index (beta = 5.283; CI = 2.254-8.312; p = 0.001) was independently associated with reduced peak VO2. Conclusion: Patients with Fontan operation have underdeveloped skeletal muscle with reduced strengh that is associated with suboptimal peripheral blood supply and diminished exercise capacity.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MCP
Departamento de Cardio-Pneumologia - FM/MCP

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/InCor
Instituto do Coração - HC/InCor

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/InRad
Instituto de Radiologia - HC/InRad

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/11
LIM/11 - Laboratório de Cirurgia Cardiovascular e Fisiopatologia da Circulação

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/44
LIM/44 - Laboratório de Ressonância Magnética em Neurorradiologia

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/03
ODS/03 - Saúde e bem-estar

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