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Title: Lithium-associated anterior cingulate neurometabolic profile in euthymic Bipolar I disorder: A H-1-MRS study
Authors: SOEIRO-DE-SOUZA, Marcio GerhardtOTADUY, Maria Concepcion GarciaMACHADO-VIEIRA, RodrigoMORENO, Ricardo AlbertoNERY, Fabiano G.LEITE, ClaudiaLAFER, Beny
Citation: JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS, v.241, p.192-199, 2018
Abstract: Objective: In the treatment of Bipolar disorder (BD), achieving euthymia is highly complex and usually requires a combination of mood stabilizers. The mechanism of action in stabilizing mood has not been fully elucidated, but alterations in N-Acetylaspartate (NAA), Myo-Inositol (mI) and Choline (Cho) have been implicated. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (H-1-MRS) is the gold standard technique for measuring brain NAA, Cho and mI in vivo. The objective of this study was to investigate the association of lithium use in BD type I and brain levels of NAA, mI and Cho in the (anterior cingulate cortex) ACC. Methods: 129 BD type I subjects and 79 healthy controls (HC) were submitted to a 3-Tesla brain magnetic resonance imaging scan (H-1-MRS) using a PRESS ACC single voxel (8cm(3)) sequence. Results: BD patients exhibited higher NAA and Cho levels compared to HC. Lithium prescription was associated with lower mI (combination + monotherapy) and higher NAA levels (monotherapy). Conclusion: The results observed add to the knowledge about the mechanisms of action of mood stabilizers on brain metabolites during euthymia. Additionally, the observed decrease in mI levels associated with lithium monotherapy is an in vivo finding that supports the inositol-depletion hypothesis of lithium pharmacodynamics.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MDR
Departamento de Radiologia - FM/MDR

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MPS
Departamento de Psiquiatria - FM/MPS

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/InRad
Instituto de Radiologia - HC/InRad

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/IPq
Instituto de Psiquiatria - HC/IPq

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/21
LIM/21 - Laboratório de Neuroimagem em Psiquiatria

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/23
LIM/23 - Laboratório de Psicopatologia e Terapêutica Psiquiátrica

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/44
LIM/44 - Laboratório de Ressonância Magnética em Neurorradiologia

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