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Title: Genetic ancestry analysis in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease patients from Brazil and Portugal
Authors: CAVALCANTE, Lourianne NascimentoSTEFANO, Jose TadeuV, Mariana MachadoMAZO, Daniel F.RABELO, FabiolaSANDES, Kiyoko AbeCARRILHO, Flair JoseCORTEZ-PINTO, HelenaLYRA, Andre CastroOLIVEIRA, Claudia P. de
Citation: WORLD JOURNAL OF HEPATOLOGY, v.7, n.10, p.1433-1438, 2015
Abstract: AIM: To study the association between genetic ancestry, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) metabolic characteristics in two cohorts of patients, from Brazil and Portugal. METHODS: We included 131 subjects from Brazil [(n = 45 with simple steatosis (S. Steatosis) and n = 86 with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)] and 90 patients from Portugal (n = 66, S. Steatosis; n = 24, NASH). All patients had biopsy-proven NAFLD. In histologic evaluation NAFLD activity score was used to assess histology and more than 5 points defined NASH in this study. Patients were divided into two groups according to histology diagnosis: simple steatosis or non-alcoholic statohepatitis. Genetic ancestry was assessed using real-time polymerase chain reaction. Seven ancestry informative markers (AT3-I/D, LPL, Sb19.3, APO, FY-Null, PV92, and CKMM) with the greatest ethnicgeographical differential frequencies (>= 48%) were used to define genetic ancestry. Data were analyzed using R PROJECTS software. Ancestry allele frequencies between groups were analyzed by GENEPOP online and the estimation of genetic ancestry contribution was evaluated by ADMIX-95 software. The 5% alpha-error was considered as significant (P < 0.05). RESULTS: In the Brazilian sample, NASH was significantly more frequent among the elderly patients with diabetes (NASH 56 +/- 1.1 years old vs S. Steatosis 51 +/- 1.5 years old, P = 3.7 x 10(-9)), dyslipidemia (NASH 63% vs S. Steatosis 37%, P = 0.009), higher fasting glucose levels (NASH 124 +/- 5.2 vs S. Steatosis 106 +/- 5.3, P = 0.001) and Homeostatic Model of Assessment index > 2.5 [NASH 5.3 (70.8%) vs S. Steatosis 4.6 (29.2%) P = 0.04]. In the Portuguese study population, dyslipidemia was present in all patients with NASH (P = 0.03) and hypertension was present in a larger percentage of subjects in the S. Steatosis group (P = 0.003, respectively). The genetic ancestry contribution among Brazilian and Portuguese individuals with NASH was similar to those with S. Steatosis from each cohort (Brazilian cohort: P = 0.75; Portuguese cohort: P = 0.97). Nonetheless, the genetic ancestry contribution of the Brazilian and Portuguese population were different, and a greater European and Amerindian ancestry contribution was detected in the Portuguese population while a higher African genetic ancestry contribution was observed in Brazilian population of both NASH and S. Steatosis groups. CONCLUSION: There was no difference between the genetic ancestry contribution among Brazilian and Portuguese individuals with NASH and S. Steatosis from each cohort.
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MGT
Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/07

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